Chamberlin, Powell and Bon
Chamberlin, Powell and Bon were one of the most important modernist architectural firms in post-war England.
The practice was founded in 1952 by Geoffry Powell (1920–1999), Peter "Joe" Chamberlin (1919–1978) and Christoph Bon (1921–1999), following Powell's win in the 1951 architectural competition for the Golden Lane Estate. The three founding partners taught at Kingston Polytechnic (now Kingston University School of Architecture) when they each entered the design competition with the agreement that should any of them win they would form a partnership with the other two to deliver the project. The Golden Lane Estate is sometimes referred to as the apprentice piece of the Practice and is important for its planned landscape which 'straddles the boundary between the picturesque and the formal'.
Charles Greenberg became an additional partner of the practice in 1960, although he chose not to add his name to the partnership for personal reasons. He was the only other partner working with CP&B on Barbican. Frank Woods also became an additional partner, and in 1985 the firm name became Chamberlin Powell Bon & Woods.
Following completion of the Golden Lane Estate they won the commission to design and execute the adjacent Barbican development, also for the Corporation of the City of London, the wealthy municipal administration that has responsibility for the historic core of London, today the central business district. The Barbican was such a large job they set up a sub-practice to deal with it: Chamberlin Powell and Bon (Barbican) Ltd.
The firm was strongly influenced by the work and ideas of Swiss/French architect Le Corbusier, with the essence of the innovative design being encapsulated by the project architect Leopold Rubinstein who trained with Le Corbusier in Paris. Other works included two schools in London, New Hall, Cambridge (a new college at Cambridge University) now known as Murray Edwards College, and an ambitious materplan and major expansion of the campus at University of Leeds.
It is a measure of the importance of the practice in post-war British architecture that many of their works are now Listed Buildings.
List of works
- Golden Lane Estate, Aldersgate, London EC1 1952-1961 (Listed GII & G II*)
- Barbican Estate, London EC2 (Listed G II)
- Two Saints (later Geoffrey Chaucer) School, Theobald Road, London (Listed II* but partially demolished by Southwark borough council in 2007 for the creation of Globe Academy)
- Development at 355 Kings Road for ILEA
- Bousfield Primary School, The Boltons, Earls Court, London SW5 1954–56 (Listed GII)
- University of Leeds, campus expansion masterplan and many individual buildings (1963–75), the largest collection of buildings by the firm after the Barbican. (Listed G II & G II*)
- University of Birmingham (1966)
- New Hall, Cambridge. Cambridge University a new college for an ancient university (1962–64, Listed G II*), now renamed Murray Edwards College
- 30a Hendon Avenue, London N3, the only private house designed by the practice (Listed G II)
- Of the unrealised works the Zoology Tower for Oxford University, a highly figured 300 ft (91 m) point block which would have been visible all over Oxford.
- Of the demolished buildings the most significant is a celebrated Cooper Tabor Seed Factory, Witham, Essex and Shipley Salt Grammar School, Shipley, West Yorkshire.
- Cheltenham Grammar School, Cheltenham.(1965) These buildings were demolished in 1996 (partially owing to the disintegration of the concrete in the 1980s) and replaced on the site by a new campus for what is now Pate's Grammar School.
- [Chamberlin, Powell and Bon, Elain Harwood (foreword by Piers Gough), RIBA Publishing / Twentieth Century Society, London 2011, ISBN 978-1-85946-397-0]page 38
- Barbican Living: Chamberlin Powell and Bon, Barbican Living
- The Boltons and Redcliffe Square area: The area after 1878, British History Online