Chambers Street – World Trade Center / Park Place (New York City Subway)

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Chambers Street – World Trade Center / Park Place
NYCS 2 NYCS 3 NYCS A NYCS C NYCS E
New York City Subway rapid transit station complex
Chambers wall vc.jpg
Station statistics
Address Church Street between Chambers Street & Vesey Street
New York, NY 10007
Borough Manhattan
Locale Financial District
Coordinates 40°42′46″N 74°00′35″W / 40.712655°N 74.009657°W / 40.712655; -74.009657Coordinates: 40°42′46″N 74°00′35″W / 40.712655°N 74.009657°W / 40.712655; -74.009657
Division A (IRT), B (IND)
Line       IND Eighth Avenue Line
      IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Services       2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
      A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)
Connection
Structure Underground
Levels 2
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 15,641,210 (station complex)[1] Increase 1.8%
Rank 16 out of 421

Chambers Street – World Trade Center / Park Place is a station complex on the IND Eighth Avenue Line and IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located on Church Street between Chambers and Vesey Streets in Lower Manhattan, it is served by the:

  • 2, A, and E trains at all times
  • 3 and C trains at all times except late nights

Station layout[edit]

G Street Level Exit/ Entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, station agent
Handicapped/disabled access (Elevator via PATH station ramp; MTA elevator out of service)
B2 Northbound local NYCS E toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer (Canal Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right Handicapped/disabled access
Northbound local NYCS E toward Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer (Canal Street)
Northbound express NYCS A toward Inwood – 207th Street (Canal Street)
NYCS C toward 168th Street (Canal Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Southbound express NYCS A toward Lefferts Boulevard, Far Rockaway – Mott Avenue, or Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street (Fulton Street)
NYCS C toward Euclid Avenue (Fulton Street)
B3 Northbound NYCS 2 toward Wakefield – 241st Street (Chambers Street)
NYCS 3 toward Harlem – 148th Street (Chambers Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Southbound NYCS 2 toward Flatbush Avenue – Brooklyn College (Fulton Street)
NYCS 3 toward New Lots Avenue (Fulton Street)


IND Eighth Avenue Line platforms[edit]

Chambers Street – World Trade Center
NYCS A NYCS C NYCS E
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Chambers st nyc subway.jpg
NYCS E train of R32 cars awaiting departure at local platform
Station statistics
Address Church Street between Chambers Street & Vesey Street
New York, NY 10007
Borough Manhattan
Locale Financial District
Coordinates 40°42′46″N 74°00′35″W / 40.712655°N 74.009657°W / 40.712655; -74.009657
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Eighth Avenue Line
Services       A all times (all times)
      C all except late nights (all except late nights)
      E all times (all times)
Platforms 2 island platforms
Tracks 4
Other information
Opened September 10, 1932; 82 years ago (1932-09-10)[2]
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access (Local platform only; elevator temporarily out of service due to construction)
Former/other names Chambers Street – Hudson Terminal
Station succession
Next north Canal Street: A all times C all except late nights E all times
Next south Fulton Street: A all times C all except late nights
(Terminal): E all times

Chambers Street – World Trade Center on the IND Eighth Avenue Line is an express station with four tracks and two island platforms, but in an unusual layout: the station has separate island platforms for express and local trains. Both island platforms can accommodate 600-foot (180 m) trains. There is a passenger connection between the two platforms at mezzanine level. This passageway also allows a free transfer to 2 and 3 trains at the Park Place station on the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line. Both platforms opened just after midnight on September 10, 1932, as was the rest of the IND Eighth Avenue Line north to Inwood – 207th Street.[3]

A late-1990s renovation saw prefabricated tile panels installed on the trackside wall of the express platform, with a tile band of Concord Violet bordered in black and "CHAMBERS" in white Copperplate lettering on black tiles on each panel, and on the local platform's walls the new tiles were installed in 3-foot by 2-foot sections with a slightly different shade of dark blue violet bordered in black; no station name captions were placed. The trim lines in the entryways and passages use the Concord Violet color rather than the blue violet.

Chambers Street[edit]

Chambers Street, the express platform, is a through station. Just north of Chambers Street station is a third track between the uptown and downtown express tracks, with connecting switches at both ends, which was used to turn trains when Chambers Street was used as a terminal, before the Broadway – Nassau Street (now Fulton Street) station opened on February 11, 1933. It is served by the A and C trains. Exits/entrances through turnstiles to Church Street are located in the mezzanine of this station, along with a few High Entrance-Exit Turnstiles (HEETs). This platform is not wheelchair-accessible.

World Trade Center[edit]

World Trade Center, the local platform, forms the terminus of the local service and is offset to the south of the express platform, at the northern edge of the World Trade Center site. It is served by the E train. Southbound local trains reach the platform by ramping underneath the express tracks south of Canal Street station. The northern end of the World Trade Center station has a signal tower and a diamond crossover switch that are roughly at the middle of the Chambers Street station. The local tracks end at bumper blocks at the south end of the platform.

At the extreme southern end of the station is the wheelchair accessible exit via the PATH station, along with a few High Entrance-Exit Turnstiles (HEETs), but only this platform is ADA-accessible. The doors and ramp, and structure from the World Trade Center leading into the station survived the September 11, 2001 attacks. The station itself was not damaged, but was covered by dust. The elevator to the local platform is out of service due to long-term construction in the World Trade Center, and so World Trade Center is not shown as an ADA-accessible station on New York City Subway maps. A free passageway at the southern end was planned as part of the Fulton Center project, which would have allowed for a free transfer between the local platform and the southbound Cortlandt Street (N R trains) station. However, a non-free transfer is to be made using the WTC Transportation Hub when the latter opens anyway, so the free transfer was then canceled.[4]

Wall tiles reading "H AND M" remained on the walls of the former Hudson Terminal/current World Trade Center station as late as December 1974,[5] a year after the World Trade Center was completed. The tiles were initially painted over, and have since been covered over during the station's renovation.

Presentation on maps[edit]

The station has been portrayed in a variety of ways on subway maps since 1932. Originally, it was shown as a single station called Chambers Street – Hudson Terminal. Starting in about 1948, two stations were shown, Chambers Street – Hudson Terminal for the express trains continuing to Brooklyn, and Hudson Terminal for the local trains terminating at the station. A 1959 map showed two stations enclosed in a box, but a single label. The 1964 and 1966 maps were similar.

On the 1972 map, it once again appeared to be a single station, with the label showing Chambers Street, Hudson Terminal, World Trade Center, and PATH, although the Hudson Terminal office building complex had already been demolished by this time.

On the current map[6] published by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, it is shown as two separate stations with a free transfer — Chambers Street (served by A and C trains) and World Trade Center (served by E trains).

January 23, 2005 fire[edit]

Around 2:00 p.m. on January 23, 2005, a fire destroyed the interlocking plant at Chambers Street. This caused restriction of A service and complete suspension of C service. Specifically, about one-third of the normal number of A trains ran. Some newspaper articles have blamed the fire on a homeless person trying to keep warm, but that has not been confirmed.

The C in Brooklyn (east of Jay Street) was replaced by an extension of V service on weekdays. The upper level platforms of the Eighth Avenue Line at 50th Street are only served by the C at all times except late nights, when the A train replaces it, and were thus closed; the only uptown service to 50th Street was via the Queens Boulevard Line's connection (E service) into the lower level of the station.

Additionally, the A, which normally uses the express tracks on the Eighth Avenue Line south of 168th Street (the C's northern terminus), switched to local at 145th Street, serving the two local stations that are only served by the C during the day (155th Street and 163rd Street – Amsterdam Avenue).

The A also used the local tracks in Brooklyn, serving all stations. Direct rush-hour A trips to Rockaway Park – Beach 116th Street were suspended in favor of the always-running Rockaway Park Shuttle.

Before the fire, on weekday nights from 9 p.m. to midnight, the C was the only service on the local tracks north of 59th Street; the D was switched to local to cover this. The A was switched to local service on weekends to pick up the slack. During rush hour, extra B trains were added, starting on or before January 28.

Until the morning of January 28, the MTA moved the A to the parallel Sixth Avenue Line, Rutgers Street Tunnel and Culver Line (the route used by regular F service) from West Fourth Street to Jay Street between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m., in order to perform critical repairs.

The last suspended service, rush-hour trips to Beach 116th Street, was restored on February 14, 2005; until then, those trips required a transfer to the Rockaway Park Shuttle.

Initial estimates gave a time of three to five years to restore full service, due to the rarity of the destroyed equipment.[7] That was later cut back to six to nine months to bring back normal operations. However, C service and 70% of A service was restored at 5 a.m. on February 2, 2005, only ten days after the fire. On April 21, full service was restored.


IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line platform[edit]

For the BMT station in Brooklyn, see Park Place (BMT Franklin Avenue Line).
Park Place
NYCS 2 NYCS 3
New York City Subway rapid transit station
Park Place IRT 002.JPG
Station statistics
Address Park Place & Broadway
New York, NY 10007
Borough Manhattan
Locale Financial District
Coordinates 40°42′45″N 74°00′28″W / 40.712492°N 74.007683°W / 40.712492; -74.007683
Division A (IRT)
Line       IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
Services       2 all times (all times)
      3 all except late nights (all except late nights)
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened August 1, 1918; 96 years ago (1918-08-01)
Station succession
Next north Chambers Street: 2 all times 3 all except late nights
Next south Fulton Street: 2 all times 3 all except late nights

Park Place on the Brooklyn branch of the IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line is located on Park Place between Broadway and Church Street. This underground station is relatively deep because the line underpins the BMT Broadway Line and IRT Lexington Avenue Line, which were already built when it opened on August 1, 1918. It has a single island platform with a line of blue i-beam columns with alternating ones having the standard black name plate in white lettering. Both track walls have a mostly gold trim line along the with "P" tablets at regular intervals.

The station has a mezzanine at each end. Towards the western end of the platform, two long staircases lead up to an intermediate landing where another, shorter staircase leads up to the main IND mezzanine near the full Oculus mosaic. From here, there is a bank of turnstiles leading to the street stair that goes to the northwest corner of Park Place and Church Street. A staircase in this mezzanine leads down to the very southern end of the IND express platform. To reach the local platform, passengers must walk down the express platform to the last staircase, go up to a different part of the mezzanine, crossover, and then go down a staircase the northern end of the local platform. This complex transfer is to allow a continued underground mezzanine outside of fare control from the southern end at the World Trade Center site (originally an entrance to the World Trade Center concourse and then the temporary PATH station from 2003 to 2009) to the most northern street stairs at Chambers and Church Street, which is just one block east of the Chambers Street station of the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. The total length of the mezzanine is seven blocks.

The IRT platform has its own entrance/exit at its extreme eastern (railroad south) end. Here, a staircase and two escalators, none of which are together, lead up to a mezzanine just beneath the street. The staircase splits into two separate staircases at an initial landing and each of those have another intermediate landing. On this mezzanine, there are turnstiles, both regular and HEET (from when the mezzanine had a part-time token booth and the regular turnstiles could not be left unstaffed). A single street stair leads out to the northwest corner of Broadway and Park Place. The signage for this entrance is the only one in the complex that says "Park Place" with bullets only for the 2 and 3 trains. A short staircase in the mezzanine once led to an entrance to the lobby of the Woolworth Building. It has been closed since the September 11 attacks.

North of the station, the tracks of this station become the express tracks of the IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line. The station is very close to Chambers Street which is north of the station.

Track wall mosaic


Oculus[edit]

There are over 300 mosaics dispersed throughout the station, which are part of the 1998 installation Oculus created by Kristin Jones and Andrew Ginzel. These eyes were modeled on photographs of the eyes of hundreds of New Yorkers.

According to Jones and Ginzel,

Nearby points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership". New York City Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  2. ^ New York Times, List of the 28 Stations on the New Eighth Ave Line, September 10, 1932, page 6
  3. ^ "Gay Midnight Crowd Rides First Trains in New Subway". New York Times. September 10, 1932. p. 1. 
  4. ^ Yee, Vivian (2014-11-09). "Out of Dust and Debris, a New Jewel Rises". The New York Times. 
  5. ^ [1] NYCSubway.org: Photograph of H&M/World Trade Center station dated December 12, 1974
  6. ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. September 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-07. 
  7. ^ 2 Subway Lines Crippled by Fire; Long Repair Seen, New York Times January 25, 2005
  8. ^ Jones, Kristin; Ginzel, Andrew, Oculus, retrieved 2012-06-04 

External links[edit]