Hockey Champions Trophy

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Hockey Champions Trophy
Current season, competition or edition:
2014 Men's Hockey Champions Trophy
2014 Women's Hockey Champions Trophy
Sport Field hockey
Founded M: 1978
W: 1987
No. of teams 8
Continent International (FIH)
Most recent champion(s) M: Germany (10th title)
W: Argentina (6th title)
Most titles M: Australia (13 titles)
W: Argentina
 Australia &  Netherlands (6 titles)
Official website www.fihockey.org

The Hockey Champions Trophy is an international field hockey tournament held by the International Hockey Federation. Founded in 1978 by Pakistan's Air Marshal Nur Khan and the Pakistan Hockey Federation, it features the world's top-ranked field hockey teams competing in a round robin format. A biennial women's tournament was added in 1987. The Champions Trophy was changed from an annual to a biennial event from 2014 onwards, due to the introduction of the Hockey World League.

In the men's tournament, the Australians have won the trophy thirteen, the Germans ten, and the Dutch eight times. Pakistan is the only Asian champion, with three titles to its name including the first two in 1978 and 1980. In the women's tournament the Netherlands, Australia and Argentina have won the trophy six times while Germany, China and South Korea have won it once.

Since the 2011 edition, eight teams of each sex have qualified for the championship. The first edition had five teams, the second had seven, 1987 had eight, and all other editions through 2010 had six. In the year following the Olympics or a World Cup, the participating teams include the host, the defending champion, the world champion and the next highest ranked teams from either the most recent World Cup or Olympic Games.

The last placed team in the tournament is dropped and replaced by the winner of the Champions Challenge, which was introduced in 2001 and can be considered as the Champions Trophy for so called B-nations.

Men[edit]

Summaries[edit]

Year Host Final Third place match
Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1978
Details
Lahore, Pakistan
Pakistan

Australia

Great Britain

New Zealand
1980
Details
Karachi, Pakistan
Pakistan

West Germany

Australia

Netherlands
1981
Details
Karachi, Pakistan
Netherlands

Australia

West Germany

Pakistan
1982
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
Netherlands

Australia

India

Pakistan
1983
Details
Karachi, Pakistan
Australia

Pakistan

West Germany

India
1984
Details
Karachi, Pakistan
Australia

Pakistan

Great Britain

Netherlands
1985
Details
Perth, Australia
Australia

Great Britain

West Germany

Pakistan
1986
Details
Karachi, Pakistan
West Germany

Australia

Pakistan

Great Britain
1987
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
West Germany

Netherlands

Australia

Great Britain
1988
Details
Lahore, Pakistan
West Germany

Pakistan

Australia

Soviet Union
1989
Details
Berlin, West Germany
Australia

Netherlands

West Germany

Pakistan
1990
Details
Melbourne, Australia
Australia

Netherlands

Germany

Pakistan
1991
Details
Berlin, Germany
Germany

Pakistan

Netherlands

Australia
1992
details
Karachi, Pakistan
Germany
4–0
Australia

Pakistan
2–1
Netherlands
1993
Details
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Australia
4–0
Germany

Netherlands
6–2
Pakistan
1994
Details
Lahore, Pakistan
Pakistan
2–2
(7–6)

Penalty strokes

Germany

Netherlands
2–2
(9–8)

Penalty strokes

Australia
1995
Details
Berlin, Germany
Germany
2–2
(4–2)

Penalty strokes

Australia

Pakistan
2–1
Netherlands
1996
Details
Madras, India
Netherlands
3–2
Pakistan

Germany
5–0
India
1997
Details
Adelaide, Australia
Germany
3–2
after extra time

Australia

Spain
2–1
Netherlands
1998
Details
Lahore, Pakistan
Netherlands
3–1
Pakistan

Australia
1–1
(8–7)

Penalty strokes

South Korea
1999
Details
Brisbane, Australia
Australia
3–1
South Korea

Netherlands
5–2
Spain
2000
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
Netherlands
2–1
after extra time

Germany

South Korea
3–0
Spain
2001
Details
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Germany
2–1
Australia

Netherlands
5–2
Pakistan
2002
Details
Cologne, Germany
Netherlands
0–0
(3–2)

Penalty strokes

Germany

Pakistan
4–3
India
2003
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
Netherlands
4–2
Australia

Pakistan
4–3
India
2004
Details
Lahore, Pakistan
Spain
4–2
Netherlands

Pakistan
3–2
India
2005
Details
Chennai, India
Australia
3–1
Netherlands

Spain
5–2
Germany
2006
Details
Terrassa, Spain
Netherlands
2–1
Germany

Spain
2–2
(5–4)

Penalty strokes

Australia
2007
Details
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Germany
1–0
Australia

Netherlands
3–2
South Korea
2008
Details
Rotterdam, Netherlands
Australia
4–1
Spain

Argentina
2–2
(5–3)

Penalty strokes

Netherlands
2009
Details
Melbourne, Australia
Australia
5–3
Germany

South Korea
4–2
Netherlands
2010
Details
Mönchengladbach, Germany
Australia
4–0
England

Netherlands
4–1
Germany
2011
Details
Auckland, New Zealand
Australia
1–0
Spain

Netherlands
5–3
New Zealand
2012
Details
Melbourne, Australia
Australia
2–1
after extra time

Netherlands

Pakistan
3–2
India
2014
Details
Bhubaneswar, India
Germany
2–0
Pakistan

Australia
2–1
India
2016
Details
Argentina
2018
Details
Amsterdam, Netherlands

Successful national teams[edit]

Team Titles Runners-up Third places Fourth places
 Australia 13 (1983, 1984, 1985*, 1989, 1990*, 1993, 1999*, 2005, 2008, 2009*, 2010, 2011, 2012*) 10 (1978, 1981, 1982, 1986, 1992, 1995, 1997*, 2001, 2003, 2007 4 (1980, 1987, 1988, 1998, 2014) 3 (1991, 1994, 2006)
 Germany 10 (1986, 1987, 1988, 1991*, 1992, 1995*, 1997, 2001, 2007, 2014) 7 (1980, 1993, 1994, 2000, 2002*, 2006, 2009) 6 (1981, 1983, 1985, 1989*, 1990, 1996) 2 (2005, 2010*)
 Netherlands 8 (1981, 1982*, 1996, 1998, 2000*, 2002, 2003*, 2006) 6 (1987*, 1989, 1990, 2004, 2005, 2012) 8 (1991, 1993, 1994, 1999, 2001*, 2007, 2010, 2011) 7 (1980, 1984, 1992, 1995, 1997, 2008*, 2009)
 Pakistan 3 (1978*, 1980*, 1994*) 7 (1983*, 1984*, 1988*, 1991, 1996, 1998*, 2014) 7 (1986*, 1992*, 1995, 2002, 2003, 2004*, 2012) 7 (1981*, 1982, 1985, 1989, 1990, 1993, 2001)
 Spain 1 (2004) 2 (2008, 2011) 3 (1997, 2005, 2006*) 2 (1999, 2000)
 Great Britain 2 (1985, 2010) 2 (1978, 1984) 2 (1986, 1987)
 South Korea 1 (1999) 2 (2000, 2009) 2 (1998, 2007)
 India 1 (1982) 6 (1983, 1996*, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2012, 2014)
 Argentina 1 (2008)
 New Zealand 2 (1978, 2011*)
 Soviet Union# 1 (1988)
* = host nation
‡ = includes results representing West Germany between 1980 and 1989
† = includes results representing England
# = states that have since split into two or more independent nations

Team appearances[edit]

Team 1978 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2014 2016 2018 Total
 Argentina - - - - - - - - 5th - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5th - - 6th - 3rd - - - - 6th Q 6
 Australia 2nd 3rd 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 1st 2nd 3rd 3rd 1st 1st 4th 2nd 1st 4th 2nd 6th 2nd 3rd 1st 5th 2nd 5th 2nd - 1st 4th 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 3rd Q 35
 Belgium - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5th 8th 2
 France - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6th - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 Germany^ - 2nd 3rd 5th 3rd - 3rd 1st 1st 1st 3rd 3rd 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 3rd 1st 6th - 2nd 1st 2nd 6th 5th 4th 2nd 1st 5th 2nd 4th 5th 6th 1st Q 33
 Great Britain~ 3rd 7th 6th - - 3rd 2nd 4th 4th 6th 5th 6th 5th 5th - 6th 6th - - - 5th 6th 5th - - - - - 6th - 6th 2nd 6th 8th 7th 23
 India - 5th - 3rd 4th - 6th 5th - - 6th - - - - - 5th 4th - - - - - 4th 4th 4th 6th - - - - - - 4th 4th Q 14
 Malaysia - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6th - - - - - - - - - - - - - 8th - - - - - - 2
 Netherlands - 4th 1st 1st 5th 4th 5th 6th 2nd - 2nd 2nd 3rd 4th 3rd 3rd 4th 1st 4th 1st 3rd 1st 3rd 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 3rd 4th 4th 3rd 3rd 2nd 5th Q Q 34
 New Zealand 4th - - - 6th 5th - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6th - - - - - 6th 4th 7th - 7
 Pakistan 1st 1st 4th 4th 2nd 2nd 4th 3rd 7th 2nd 4th 4th 2nd 3rd 4th 1st 3rd 2nd 5th 2nd 6th - 4th 3rd 3rd 3rd 5th 5th 7th - - - 7th 3rd 2nd Q 31
 South Korea - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6th 4th 2nd 3rd 6th 6th - - - - 4th 6th 3rd - 8th - - Q 11
 Soviet Union# - - - 6th - - - - 8th 4th - 5th 6th Defunct 5
 Spain 5th 6th 5th - - 6th - - 6th 5th - - - - 5th 5th - 5th 3rd 5th 4th 4th - - - 1st 3rd 3rd 5th 2nd 5th 5th 2nd - - 21
Total 5 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 8 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 8 6 6 6 8 8 8 6 6 234
^ = includes results representing West Germany between 1980 and 1989
~ = includes results representing England
# = states that have since split into two or more independent nations

Australia is the only team to have competed at almost every Champions Trophy, except for only one edition; 14 teams have competed in at least one Champions Trophy.

Women[edit]

Summaries[edit]

Year Host Final Third place match
Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place
1987
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
Netherlands

Australia

South Korea

Canada
1989
Details
Frankfurt, West Germany
South Korea

Australia

West Germany

Great Britain
1991
Details
Berlin, Germany
Australia

Germany

Netherlands

Spain
1993
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
Australia
1–1
(4–2)
Penalty strokes

Netherlands

Germany
2–0
South Korea
1995
Details
Mar del Plata, Argentina
Australia
1–1
(4–3)
Penalty strokes

South Korea

United States
0–0
(4–1)

Penalty strokes

Germany
1997
Details
Berlin, Germany
Australia
2–1
after extra time

Germany

Netherlands
5–2
South Korea
1999
Details
Brisbane, Australia
Australia
3–2
Netherlands

Germany
1–0
Argentina
2000
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
Netherlands
3–2
Germany

Australia
1–0
Argentina
2001
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
Argentina
3–2
Netherlands

Australia
2–1
after extra time

China
2002
Details
Macau
China
2–2
(3–1)
Penalty strokes

Argentina

Netherlands
4–3
after extra time

Australia
2003
Details
Sydney, Australia
Australia
3–2
China

Netherlands
3–2
Argentina
2004
Details
Rosario, Argentina
Netherlands
2–0
Germany

Argentina
3–2
Australia
2005
Details
Canberra, Australia
Netherlands
0–0
(5–4)
Penalty strokes

Australia

China
2–2
(9–8)

Penalty strokes

Argentina
2006
Details
Amstelveen, Netherlands
Germany
3–2
China

Netherlands
1–1
(4–1)

Penalty strokes

Argentina
2007
Details
Quilmes, Argentina
Netherlands
1–0
Argentina

Germany
2–0
Australia
2008
Details
Mönchengladbach, Germany
Argentina
6–2
Germany

Netherlands
3–0
China
2009
Details
Sydney, Australia
Argentina
0–0
(4–3)
Penalty strokes

Australia

Netherlands
5–2
Germany
2010
Details
Nottingham, England
Argentina
4–2
Netherlands

England
2–1
Germany
2011
Details
Amsterdam, Netherlands
Netherlands
3–3
(3–2)
Penalty shootout

Argentina

New Zealand
3–2
South Korea
2012
Details
Rosario, Argentina
Argentina
1–0
Great Britain

Netherlands
5–4
Germany
2014
Details
Mendoza, Argentina
Argentina
1–1
(3–1)
Penalty shootout

Australia

Netherlands
2–1
New Zealand
2016
Details
London, United Kingdom
2018
Details
Argentina

Performance by nation[edit]

Team Titles Runners-up Third places Fourth places
 Australia 6 (1991, 1993, 1995, 1997, 1999*, 2003*) 5 (1987, 1989, 2005*, 2009*, 2014) 2 (2000, 2001) 3 (2002, 2004, 2007)
 Netherlands 6 (1987*, 2000*, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2011*) 4 (1993*, 1999, 2001*, 2010) 9 (1991, 1997, 2002, 2003, 2006*, 2008, 2009, 2012, 2014)
 Argentina 6 (2001, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2012*, 2014*) 3 (2002, 2007*, 2011) 1 (2004*) 5 (1999, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006)
 Germany^ 1 (2006) 5 (1991*, 1997*, 2000, 2004, 2008*) 4 (1989*, 1993, 1999, 2007) 4 (1995, 2009, 2010, 2012)
 China 1 (2002*) 2 (2003, 2006) 1 (2005) 2 (2001, 2008)
 South Korea 1 (1989) 1 (1995) 1 (1987) 3 (1993, 1997, 2011)
 Great Britain~ 1 (2012) 1 (2010) 1 (1989)
 New Zealand 1 (2011) 1 (2014)
 United States 1 (1995)
 Canada 1 (1987)
 Spain 1 (1991)
* = host nation
^ = includes results representing West Germany between 1987 and 1989
~ = includes results representing England

Team appearances[edit]

Team 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2014 2016 2018 Total
 Argentina - - - - 6th - 4th 4th 1st 2nd 4th 3rd 4th 4th 2nd 1st 1st 1st 2nd 1st 1st Q 17
 Australia 2nd 2nd 1st 1st 1st 1st 1st 3rd 3rd 4th 1st 4th 2nd 5th 4th 5th 2nd - 6th - 2nd 19
 Canada 4th 6th - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2
 China - - 5th - - - - - 4th 1st 2nd 5th 3rd 2nd - 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 6th 13
 Germany^ - 3rd 2nd 3rd 4th 2nd 3rd 2nd - - - 2nd 5th 1st 3rd 2nd 4th 4th 8th 4th 7th 17
 Great Britain~ 5th 4th - 6th - 5th - - - 6th 5th - - - - - 6th 3rd 5th 2nd 5th Q 12
 Japan - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5th 6th - - - 5th 8th 4
 Netherlands 1st 5th 3rd 2nd - 3rd 2nd 1st 2nd 3rd 3rd 1st 1st 3rd 1st 3rd 3rd 2nd 1st 3rd 3rd Q 21
 New Zealand 6th - - - - - 5th 6th 5th 5th - 6th - 6th - - - 5th 3rd 6th 4th 11
 South Africa - - - - - - - 5th - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1
 South Korea 3rd 1st 6th 4th 2nd 4th 6th - - - 6th - 6th - - - - - 4th 7th - 11
 Spain - - 4th 5th 5th - - - 6th - - - - - 6th - - - - - - 5
 United States - - - - 3rd 6th - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Q 3
Total 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 8 8 8 6 6 146
^ = includes result representing West Germany in 1989
~ = includes results representing England

The Netherlands is the only team to have competed at almost every Champions Trophy, except for only one edition; 13 teams have competed in at least one Champions Trophy.