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In professional wrestling, championships may be unified to consolidate the number of championships in a given promotion, or to add legitimacy and prestige to a certain title's lineage. In a title-for-title match, one of four things will happen:
- The lesser championship will be dropped.
- A brand new championship will be created (very rare, but AJPW's Triple Crown and Double Cup titles are prominent examples).
- Both championships retain their identity and may be defended and lost individually (Rob Van Dam holding the WWE Championship and ECW Championship is a good example of this).
- Both championships will be remain active and be defended and lost together under one name, but title changes will reflect each individual title's history (WWE's Unified Tag Team Championship is a good example of this).
- The first two prominent unifications of titles in the U.S. were done by Nikita Koloff. In 1986, he unified the NWA National Heavyweight Championship into his NWA United States Heavyweight Championship by defeating Wahoo McDaniel, and in 1987 he unified the (Mid-South) UWF Television Championship into his NWA World Television Championship by defeating Terry Taylor. In both cases, the unification process was started by Nikita's home promotion, Jim Crockett Promotions, upon absorbing another promotion (Georgia Championship Wrestling and the Mid-South UWF, respectively), and in both cases the titles from the absorbed promotions were abandoned.
- The AJPW Triple Crown Heavyweight Championship was created with the unification of the NWA International Heavyweight Championship, the PWF Heavyweight Championship and the NWA United National Championship, when the NWA International Heavyweight Champion Jumbo Tsuruta defeated the PWF Heavyweight and NWA United National Champion Stan Hansen on April 18, 1989.
- The AWA World Heavyweight Championship was unified with the Omaha World Heavyweight Championship (a belt created by promoters in Omaha, Nebraska ) twice when Omaha World Champion The Crusher defeated AWA World Champion Verne Gagne in Omaha, Nebraska on July 9, 1963 and then the titles was unified again on September 7, 1963 when AWA World Champion Verne Gagne defeated Omaha World Champion Fritz Von Erich in Omaha, Nebraska. The Omaha version was abandoned after absorb with the AWA World title.
- The AWA World Heavyweight Championship and the WCWA World Heavyweight Championship were unified to create the USWA Unified World Heavyweight Championship at SuperClash III, when the AWA World Heavyweight Champion Jerry "The King" Lawler defeated the WCCW Heavyweight Champion Kerry Von Erich. The WCCW World Heavyweight Title was quickly abandoned, and later the AWA stripped the AWA World Heavyweight Title from Jerry Lawler.
- The J-Crown, a combination of several lightweight championships from various wrestling promotions (including the WWF Light Heavyweight Championship), was defended mostly in Japan and Mexico. The title has since been abandoned and all belts returned to their home promotions.
- The WCW International World Heavyweight Championship was unified with the WCW World Heavyweight Championship when WCW Champion Ric Flair defeated International Champion Sting at Clash of the Champions XXVII. The International Championship was immediately abandoned, though the physical belt was used as the WCW Championship.
- The ECW World Heavyweight Championship was unified with the FTW Heavyweight Championship (an unrecognized title created by Tazz) on March 21, 1999 at Living Dangerously when ECW World Champion Taz defeated FTW Champion Sabu. The FTW title was abandoned when Taz continued to defend the ECW title.
- The ECW World Heavyweight Championship and the ECW World Television Championship were unified when TV Champion Rhino defeated World Champion The Sandman at ECW Guilty as Charged in January 2001. The Television title was abandoned upon ECW's demise soon after.
- The WCW Cruiserweight Championship was briefly unified with the WWF Light Heavyweight Championship on July 30, 2001 when Light Heavyweight Champion X-Pac defeated Cruiserweight Champion Billy Kidman. The titles continued to be defended separately and X-Pac lost the Light Heavyweight Championship to Tajiri a week later.
- The WCW United States Heavyweight Championship was unified with the WWF Intercontinental Championship at Survivor Series 2001 when US Champion Edge defeated IC Champion Test. The United States title was abandoned, then revived in 2003 by Stephanie McMahon as a SmackDown!-exclusive title.
- The WCW World Tag Team Championship was unified with the WWF Tag Team Championship at Survivor Series 2001, when the WCW Tag Team Champions, Dudley Boyz, defeated the WWF Tag Team Champions, Hardy Boyz. The Dudleys won the WWF Tag Team Championships, and their WCW Tag Team Championship was absorbed into the WWF titles and abandoned. The Titles had previously been unified at Summerslam 2001 when WCW Tag Team Champions The Brothers of Destruction defeated WWF Tag Team Champions Diamond Dallas Page & Chris Kanyon, although at that time both belts were held together instead of becoming one championship.
- The WCW Championship and the WWF Championship were unified to create the WWF (later WWE) Undisputed Championship at Vengeance 2001 when Chris Jericho defeated WWF Champion Stone Cold Steve Austin and WCW Champion The Rock in the same night. Essentially, the WWF Championship became the Undisputed Championship while the WCW Championship was retired, although the belts used to represent the two championships would adorn the Undisputed Champion for several months afterwards, up until a single belt was introduced by Triple H in 2002. After the brand extension, which split the WWF roster into two brands (Raw and SmackDown), the Undisputed title served as the prime championship for both groups. The title again became "disputed" when champion Brock Lesnar announced he would only defend the belt on SmackDown. The following week, Raw General Manager Eric Bischoff announced the creation of the World Heavyweight Championship. The WWE Undisputed Championship immediately became the WWE Championship.
- The WWE European Championship was unified with the WWE Intercontinental Championship in July 2002, when Intercontinental Champion Rob Van Dam defeated European Champion Jeff Hardy on Raw in a title unification match. The European title was abandoned as a separate championship.
- The WWE Hardcore Championship was unified with the WWE Intercontinental Championship in August 2002, when Intercontinental Champion Rob Van Dam pinned Hardcore Champion Tommy Dreamer. The Hardcore Championship was abandoned soon after.
- The WWE Intercontinental Championship was unified with the World Heavyweight Championship at No Mercy when World Champion Triple H defeated Intercontinental Champion Kane. The Intercontinental Championship was immediately abandoned, then revived in May 2003 by Raw Co-General Manager Steve Austin.
- The WWA World Heavyweight Championship was unified with the NWA World Heavyweight Championship when NWA Champion Jeff Jarrett defeated WWA Champion Sting on May 25, 2003 in Auckland, New Zealand in an inter-promotional match.
- The ROH World Championship was unified with the ROH Pure Championship when ROH Pure Champion Nigel McGuinness lost to ROH World Champion Bryan Danielson in Liverpool, England on August 12, 2006, in a match contested under pure wrestling rules with the stipulation that both championships could be lost by disqualification or count out.
- The International Wrestling Association unified the IWA World Heavyweight Championship with the WWC Universal Heavyweight Championship when the World Wrestling Council's champion abandoned the company and participated in a unification match which was recognized by the National Wrestling Alliance, in the process creating the first Undisputed World Heavyweight Champion in Puerto Rico.
- The WWE Championship was unified with the ECW Championship on June 13, 2006 on the inaugural episode of ECW on SyFy when figurehead Paul Heyman awarded the recommissioned ECW title to Rob Van Dam for winning the WWE title from John Cena at One Night Stand. Heyman originally intended for the WWE title to "become" the ECW title, but RVD chose to defend both titles separately. The titles separated on the July 3, 2006 episode of RAW after Edge won the WWE title in a triple threat match that also included Cena.
- The NJPW version of the IWGP Heavyweight Championship unified with the IGF's version of the IWGP World Heavyweight Championship when NJPW IWGP Champion Shinsuke Nakamura defeated IGF IWGP Champion Kurt Angle in Tokyo on February 17, 2008. The titles are unified due to a working agreement between TNA and New Japan Pro Wrestling in which Angle wrestles for TNA.
- In a dark match before WrestleMania XXV, the WWE Tag Team Championship was unified with the World Tag Team Championship when WWE Tag Team Champions The Colóns (Carlito & Primo) defeated World Tag Team Champions John Morrison and The Miz in Houston, Texas on April 5, 2009 to become the "Unified WWE Tag Team Champions". On the August 16, 2010 edition of Raw, the World Tag Team Championship was retired and a new set of tag team championship belts for the WWE Tag Team Championship were introduced.
- At WWE Night of Champions pay-per-view in September 2010, the WWE Divas Championship was unified with the WWE Women's Championship. WWE Divas Champion Melina faced self-professed co-WWE Women's Champion Michelle McCool in a Lumberjill match. Michelle McCool won the match due to interference from Layla to unify the two titles. Following the win, the Women's Championship was retired after 54 years, with the official recognized champion, Layla, being the final champion.
- At TLC: Tables, Ladders & Chairs, WWE Champion Randy Orton defeated World Heavyweight Champion John Cena in a Tables, Ladders, and Chairs match to unify both championships and become the new WWE World Heavyweight Champion.