Champlain, New York
|Champlain, New York|
Rouses Point, NY
|• Type||Town Council|
|• Town Supervisor||Larry G. Barcomb (R)|
|• Town Council|
|• Total||58.8 sq mi (152.4 km2)|
|• Land||51.2 sq mi (132.6 km2)|
|• Water||7.6 sq mi (19.7 km2)|
|Elevation||152 ft (46 m)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
Nearby Lake Champlain was an important military and trade route during the colonial period. The lake and the town were named in honor of Samuel de Champlain, who first surveyed the area in 1609. It was part of Canada until 1763, and became part of the United States in 1783.
The town was formed in 1788, the same year the county was established. In 1799, the town was reduced by the formation of the Town of Chateaugay (now in Franklin County). The founding of the towns of Chazy and Mooers in 1804 further reduced Champlain.
Champlain is on the border with Canada and contains three border crossings: Champlain, Overton Corners, and Rouses Point. The Champlain Port of Entry on Interstate 87 is one of the four most important commercial gateways on the northern border, connecting Quebec Autoroute 15 from Montreal to New York City.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 58.8 square miles (152.4 km²), of which 51.2 square miles (132.6 km²) is land and 7.6 square miles (19.7 km²) (12.95%) is water.
Lake Champlain and the Richelieu River are on the east edge of the town, where the town has a common border with Grand Isle County, Vermont. The town line to the north is the international border with Saint-Bernard-de-Lacolle, Quebec, Canada.
The 176 miles (283 km) Adirondack Northway (Interstate 87) is a major north-south highway that begins at the Canada-United States border at Champlain and travels south to Albany, connecting to the New York State Thruway. U.S. Route 9 parallels I-87, and U.S. Route 11 runs east-west across the town. U.S. Route 2 intersects US-11 by Rouses Point. New York State Route 9B intersects US-11 in the northeast and US-9 in the southern part of Champlain, providing a highway closer to Lake Champlain. New York State Route 276 partly runs along the international border. Champlain is approximately 30 miles south of Montreal.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,791 people, 2,386 households, and 1,562 families residing in the town. The population density was 113.1 people per square mile (43.7/km²). There were 2,718 housing units at an average density of 53.1 per square mile (20.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.74% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population.
There were 2,386 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,775, and the median income for a family was $46,113. Males had a median income of $35,198 versus $26,345 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,987. About 6.7% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.5% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations in the Town of Champlain
- Catfish Point – A location on the shore of Lake Champlain by Kings Bay.
- Champlain – The Village of Champlain is in the central part of the town near the US-9 and US-11 intersection.
- Chazy River – A stream flowing through the town to King Bay in Lake Champlain.
- Coopersville – A hamlet by the Chazy River on NY-9B. It was also known as "Corbeau" and settled around 1789.
- Corbeau Creek – An important tributary of the Chazy River.
- Kings Bay – A bay of Lake Champlain southeast of Rouses Point.
- Kings Bay Wildlife Management Area – A conservation area on the shore of Lake Champalain.
- Perry's Mills – A hamlet in the northwest part of the town on the Chazy River.
- Point au Fer – A peninsula in Lake Champlain south of Rouses Point.
- Rouses Point – The Village of Rouses Point is in the northeast part of the town near Lake Champlain.
- Scales Point – A location on Lake Champlain by Kings Bay
- Twin Bridges – A location on the western town line at the Chazy River.
- Jehudi Ashmun, born in Champlain, was a religious leader who promoted the settlement of blacks in Liberia.