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|Populated States||Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar.|
Chandala is a Sanskrit word for someone who deals with disposal of corpses, and is a Hindu lower caste, formerly considered untouchables. Currently it is a term used specifically in Indo-Aryan speaking regions of India. Sandala has become a swear word in the colloquial usage of the Tamil language. Chandal is a general derogatory slur used to refer to a filthy, mean or low person in North India.
- A. K. Biswas. The Namasudras of Bengal: profile of a persecuted people. Blumoon Books, 2000. Pv viii - Though he is physically almost practically unknown, save and except in Bengal, calling someone a Chandal is the ultimate insult and humiliation of a Hindu anywhere under the sun.
- Anna Dallapiccola, Dictionary of Hindu Lore and Legend, ISBN 0-500-51088-1
- Chanadalas amongst Sinhalese in Sri Lanka
- Regulations against the Chandalas in Maharshatra
- Chandala in Tamil Nadu Bakthi movement
- Matanga Jataka Jataka Pali No.497