Chandio

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Nawab Sir Mir Ghaibi Khan Chandio, land owner in Pakistan, with his friends and British guests in 1930.

The Chandio (چانڊيو) is a Baloch tribe in the Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan provinces of Pakistan and Iran.[1]

The clans of the Chandio, Mirzani, Husnaani, Aajbani, Alhiyarzai, Bhundani, Choliyani, Ghaibiani, Guramani, Janwari, Lahrejo, Sakhani, Marfani, Misrani, Qambrani, Nathrani, Sumarani, Dauwani, and Wazirani inhabit Sindh, Punjab and Iran (see Provinces of Pakistan). In Rahim Yar Khan, the following clans are especially common: Hyderani, Sahab Khanani, Laalwani, Pesani, Rangani, Zangani, Peerlani, Jhandani, and Notani. Clans of Husnaani Chandio, Manani, Mawani, Dauwani, Hamzani, Thorha, Muradani, Lashkrani, Qambrani, Nathrani, are clans of the Husnaani Tribe.

The name "Chandio" is derived from a tribal elder named "Chhand" whose name was given to his descendants.

The first and leading place in the Chandia tribe belongs to the Mirzani clan and the second to the Husnaani.

The tribe is now spread across Pakistan, concentrated in Sindh. In Sindh, they frequent the districts of Nawabshah, Ghotki, Jamshoro, Daadu, Qmbar Shadad kot, Larkana, Noshehro Feroz, Khair pur, and Kashmore. In Punjab they are in the majority in the districts of Rahim Yar Khan, Muzafar Garh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Layyah, Multan, Bahawalpur, and Sargodha. In Khyber Pakhtoonkhawa this tribe lives in the district of Dera Ismail Khan, and in Balochistan they are in the majority in the districts of Sibi and Dera Murad Jamali. They also live in Jaffarabad, Jhal, Bolan, Khuzdar and Kohlu.

The majority of the Chandio in Balochistan are in the Sibi District, and also some in Jafarabad, Usta Muhammad, Bolan, Khuzdar Karkh Tehsil, Barkhan, Kohlu Agency and Gawadar districts of Balochistan.

Some 900 Chandio reside in Balochistan. The majority of the Chandio tribe residing in Islamabad lived in village Late Nangar Khan Chandio, near Mithiani, Juguwala village near Multan, Tehsil Moro and District Naushahro Feroze. Other Chandio from District Larkana.

History[edit]

The Chandios are a sub-tribe of The Hooth Baloch Tribe.[2] This was the first Baloch tribe to leave the mountains of Balochistan, especially from Harboe (Kalat) and Dhadar (Bolan), due to a genocidal war between Rind and Lashari. This tribe settled in the Kohe Suleman areas of D.G Khan. The chief of the tribe at that time (1600 AD), Sardar Mir Harian Khan Baloch, established a village there. It was named for his younger son, Mir Ahmed Khan Chandio, who was commonly known as Kot Ahmed Khan. This village is now known as Kotla Ahmed Khan. It is near Dera Ghazi Khan. His grave is in the boundary wall of Pir Sakheeh Sarwar near D.G Khan. The group migrated from Dera Ghazi Khan to the mountains of Kirthar. This region was called the Chandka region, which is in the Qambar-Shahdadkot, Larkana, and Dadu districts. The family later spread throughout the Sindh and Punjab region. The chief of Juguwala Village in Punjab distt Multan was Sardar Mubarak Khan Chandio (late). The Chandio tribe spread out over Pakistan, with a larger concentration in Sindh.

Sardar Harian Khan's grandson was named Sardar and was known as Chandio. After completing his education in Iraq, he headed the tribe. Following the request of the Sindh army chief, Doulah Darya Khan Lashari, he migrated from Dera Ghazi Khan to the mountains of Khirther. According to an old Balochi rhyme, one brother of Chief Sardar Sareman Khan, namely Sardar Mir Hamal Khan Chandio, stayed in the area on the right bank of the Indus River extending from the border of Kashmore to Rajan pur and gave the name of Chandka to that area.

Mazari Sardar Bazeel Khan (Bateel Khan) sent an envoy to see the fields of grass that belonged to the Chandio tribe. The Mazaris attacked the Chandios, but lost badly. In this war Mazari Sardar Bazeel Khan was killed by the arrow of Sardar Mir Hamal Khan Chandio, while Sardar Mir Hamal Khan was also killed in this battle after the Mazaris retreated to the mountains. The Mazaris afterwards attacked the Chandios seven times, but were always beaten.

The last Sardar of old Chandka was Mir Maarak Khan Chandio (Mubarak Khan); at that time the Mazaris' Sardar was Mir Shahli Khan Mazari. Each sardar married a woman of the other's family. The Mazaris' Sardar was envious, however and planned to possess Chandio lands and attacked at night. The Mazaris killed the Sardar Mir Maarak Khan and his sixty companions. The Mazaris also suffered losses in their victory. The Mazaris held one war drum (Shutri Naghara) of the Chandio tribe, while the other was taken by Mir Hyder Khan, the son of Mir Maarak Khan, and the remaining Chandios.

The survivors of the Chandio tribe migrated with Mir Hyder Khan Chandio to the left bank of the Indus River, some to the area of Bahawalpur State called Bhong and some to the part of Ubauro Tehsil called Deh Pakka Chandia.[3]

Population[edit]

According to a survey of the Sindh Qaumi Welfare Association, the Chandio tribe has a population of over 10 million people, who live in various parts of Pakistan. Districts Larkana, Qambar, Dadu, Nawabshah, Mirpurkhas, Badin, Karachi, Shikarpur, Sukkur and Khairpur have the largest numbers of Chandios in Sindh. The Chandio community is also settled in the Seraiki belt of Punjab and other parts of Pakistan like Bahawalpur city, Tehsil Jalalpur Pirwala, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Layyah, Bhakkar, Tehsil Darya Khan and in Balochistan. The Chandio tribe has also settled in Sibi, Kohlu, Jaffarabad, Naseerabad, Kachhi and Tehsil Karkh District Khuzdar.

Janvri has been excluded as a sub-clan of Chandio, and has been established as a separate tribe. They have been involved in the educational field, and large numbers of Janvri have joined the civil service.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gaibi Shabir Ahmed Chandio Foundation, 2011, webpage: GSACF.
  2. ^ The Historical, Social and Economic Setting by M. S. Asimov, page 304
  3. ^ Punjab Chiefs by Sir Lepal H Grafen/ Krnol Messay, page 541 to 559

External links[edit]