Chandio

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Nawab Sir Mir Ghaibi Khan Chandio, land owner in Pakistan, with his friends and British guests in 1930.

Chandio (چانڊيو) is a Baloch tribe in the Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan provinces of Pakistan and Iran.[1]

The clans of the Chandio, Mirzani, Husnaani, Aajbani, Alhiyarzai, Bhundani, Choliyani, Ghaibiani, Guramani, Janwari, Lahrejo, Sakhani, Marfani, Misrani, Qambrani, Nathrani, Sumarani,Dauwani,and Wazirani are known in Sindh, Punjab, and Iran (see Provinces of Pakistan). In Rahim Yar Khan the following clans are especially common: Hyderani, Sahab Khanani, Laalwani, Pesani, Rangani, Zangani, peerlani, Jhandani, and Notani. Clans of Husnaani Chandio, Manani, Mawani, Dauwani, Hamzani, Thorha, Muradani, Lashkrani, Qambrani, Nathrani, is Clans of Husnaani Tribe....

The name "Chandio" is derived from a tribal elder named "Chhand" whose name was given to his descendants.

The first Leadership in Chandia Tribe is Mirzani And Second Leadership of Husnaani

Mirzani and Husnani Chandia[edit]

(History Of Husnani And Mirzani Chandia) Sardar Mir Sareman Khan Chandio had two sons, Haji and Husan from whom sprang the clans of Mirzanis (named after Sreman’s father, Mirza Khan) and Husnanis respectively. He was considered a cultural hero in the tribal history of Sindh. He laid the foundation to Chandia Jagir in 1501, which was bestowed upon him by Jam Nizamuddin Samo (1461-1508), the ruler of Sama dynasty, in return of the help extended by Sardar Mir Sareman Khan and his tribe against the Arghuns who were frequently invading western Sindh.

The Chandia tribe repelled every advancement of the enemy and defended every inch of their land. Scattered all over the jaageer are graves of those who died while defending their territory. Many archeological and historical sites can also be found there. One such historical site locally known as Dau Ja Quba is located some eight kilometres southeast of Ghaibi Dero. The necropolis has been under the threat of encroachment by local farmers.

On way to the necropolis, I met Mir Mohammad Ayub Marphani Chandio and requested him to accompany me to the necropolis, to which he agreed. Mr Marphani has much knowledge about his tribe and he unerringly recalls the battles of his tribe against other tribes, particularly the Bughtis, Magsis and Sabhayas, etc. In addition to battles against the other tribes, Chandios also fought with one another. He forlornly narrated the battle which was fought between the two brothers Haji and Hussan tribe on Sardari Pug Of the Chandia tribe and this battle was fought at Mahu (not far from Ghaibi Dero Jageer), locally known as Battle of Mahu.

Mohammad Ayub took me to the place where the battle was fought. A land once marked with sand dunes has now been brought under cultivation. Near the battleground is the necropolis which is spread over two hundred acres and contains eight derelict and dilapidated tombs, belonging to Sardar Daud Khan, Sardar Chakar Khan, Sewa Khan,Ghazi Khan, Rais Waali Rakhio, Rais Jan Mohammad Khan, Rais Mohammad Baqar,and Rais Ahmed Khan, respectively. This necropolis, however, is attributed to Sardar Daud khanwho was the chief of the Husnani tribe. He was killed in 1614 during a battle against the troops of Mirzani tribe at Mahu near Gebi Dero. Later, his descendants erected tombs for Sardar Daud khan and Sardar Chakar khan,and her relatives and also the soldiers. These tombs were completed in a short span of six years between 1819 and 1825 (except the tomb of Ghazi Khan, which was built in 1840).

After the glory of the battle which involved much bloodshed, the Hasnani tribe decided to move to the present Shahdadkot Village Rais Jo Goth Its Also called Chandian Jo Goth in shahdadkot and village Rais Bhanbho khan chandio in Miro Khan Talukas of Larkana where two clusters of their tombs still stand in both places, reminding us of their material glory of the past. According to the local accounts, the battles between the Haji and Hussan tribes claimed 1,600 Chandia lives.

Origin[edit]

The Chandios are A Sub-Tribe of The Hooth Baloch Tribe.[2] This was the first Baloch tribe who had left the mountains of Balochistan, especially from Harboe (Kalat) and Dhadar (Bolan), due to a fruitless Baloch genocidal war between Rind and Lashari. This tribe settled in Kohe Suleman areas of D.G Khan. The chief of the tribe at that time (1600 AD), Sardar Mir Harian Khan Baloch, established a new village in the name of his younger son, Mir Ahmed Khan Chandio, who was commonly known as Kot Ahmed Khan. This village at present is known as Kotla Ahmed Khan near Dera Ghazi Khan, and the grave of this brave Sardar is in the boundary wall of Pir Sakheeh Sarwar near D.G Khan. The group migrated from Dera Ghazi Khan to the mountains of Kirthar. That was the region where this family lived, called Chandka region; which is in the Qambar-Shahdadkot, Larkana, and Dadu districts. The family later spread throughout the Sindh and Punjab region. The chief of Juguwala Village in Punjab distt Multan was Sardar Mubarak Khan Chandio (late). The Chandio tribe has now spread out over Pakistan with a larger concentration in Sindh. The grandson of Sardar Harian Khan who after completing education from Iraq accompanied and headed the tribe was Sardar and famously being known as Chandio who after the request of the Army Chief of Sindh Doulah Darya Khan Lashari migrated from Dera Ghazi Khan to mountains of Khirther. That region, where this family lived, was called the Chandka region, which is in the Qambar-Shahdadkot & Larkana and dadu districts. According to an old Balochi Rhyme, one brother of Chief Sardar Saremann Khan, namely Sardar Mir Hamal Khan Chandio, stayed in the area of right bank of indus river based on border of kashmore to Rajan pur and gives the name of Chandka to that area, Mazari Sardar Bazeel Khan (Bateel Khan) sent an envoy to see the green fields of grass that belonged to Chandio tribe.It was then; Mazari's attacked Chandio's and Lost Badly.In this war Mazari Sardar Bazeel Khan was killed by the arrow of Sardar Mir Hamal Khan Chandio and Sardar Mir Hamal Khan was also killed in this Battle after the worse Mazri's went back to the mountains. Then afterwards Mazari's attacked seven times on Chandio's but Couldn't conquer. The Last Sardar of old Chandka was Mir Maarak Khan Chandio (Mubarak Khan), at that time Mazari's Sardar was Mir Shahli Khan Mazari; each sardar married with the woman of the others family. But Mazari's Sardar was still enviousness and planned to possess the green fields of Chandio tribe and Preconcerted the night attack on Chandios and one night Chandios were sleeping calmative when Mazaris attacked and killed the Sardar Mir Maarak Khan and his sixty (60)companions (Comrades)and Mazaris also suffered much loss but because of the clever plan they were successful. In this war Mazari's held the one war drum (Shutri Naghara) of chandio tribe and other one was taken by Mir Hyder Khan son of Mir Maarak Khan and remaining chandios,the remaining Shutri naghara is still in the possession of inheritor of Sardar Mir Hyder Khan Chandio at Kalay Waali near Bhong Tehsil Sadiqabad. The remaining Chandio tribe with Mir Hyder Khan Chandio migrated to left bank of indus river from the right bank which is the some area of Bahawalpur State called "Bhong" and some is in Ubauro tehsil called Deh Pakka Chandia.[3] The Chandio tribe is now spread out over Pakistan, Highly conectrated in Sindh. In Sindh, this tribe is resident Specially in Districts Nawabshah, Ghotki, Jamshoro, Daadu, Qmbar Shadad kot, Larkana, Noshehro Feroz, Khair pur, and Kashmore. In Punjab they are in majority in Districts Rahim Yar Khan, Muzafar Garh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Layyah, Multan, Bahawalpur, and Sargodha, In Khyber Pakhtoonkhawa this tribe is residing in District Dera Ismail Khan, And In Balochistan the are in majority in District Sibi, Dera Murad Jamali, They are also living in Jaffarabad, and Jhal,bolan,khuzdar, and kohlu.

Presence in Balochistan[edit]

The majority of Chandio are in District Sibi, and the minority in Jafarabad, Usta Muhammad, Bolan Khuzdar karkh tehsil, Barkhan, Kohlu agency and Gawadar districts of Balochistan.

Population[edit]

According to a survey of the Sindh Qaumi Welfare Association, the Chandio tribe has a population of over 10 million people, who live in various parts of the world. Districts Larkana, Qambar, Dadu, Nawabshah Mirpurkhas Badin Karachi, Shikarpur, Sukkur and Khairpur are the most populous vicinities of Chandios in Sindh. The Chandio community is also settled in the Seraiki belt of Punjab, Pakistan like Bahawalpur city, Tehsil Jalalpur pirwala, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Layyah, Bhakkar, Tehsil Darya Khan and in Balochistan. The Chandio tribe has settled in Sibi, Kohlu, Jaffarabad, Naseerabad, Kachhi and Tehsil Karkh District Khuzdar.

Janvri has been excluded as a sub-clan of Chandio, and has been established as a separate tribe They got involved in educational fields and large number of Janvri joined civil services.

Presence in Islamabad[edit]

According to social development societies of Sindh, there were over 10,000 Baloch residing in Islamabad, as of 2008: Chandio tribe (700), Talpur (300), Channer (450-500), Memon, Soomro, Lashari, Hattar, Qazi, Khand, Junejo, Narejo and other tribes of Sindh (8000-9000) residing in Islamabad. The majority of Chandio tribe (residing in Islamabad) belongs to village Late Nangar Khan Chandio, (Near Mithiani),(juguwala village near multan) Tehsil Moro, District Naushahro Feroze. Other Chandio of District Larkana, Qambar-Shadadkot, Tando Allahyar, Dadu, Sibi, Muzaffargarh are also living in Islamabad.

Leadership[edit]

Ghaibi Khan Chandio was the Chief of Chandio tribe. In his life, he made Sultan Ahmed Chandio as the Chief Sardar of the Chandio tribe. Later on Sardar Shabir Ahmed Khan Chandio was the Chief of Chandios, after the death of his father. The 2nd leadership in Husnani Chandios clan is Sardar Bhanbho Khan Chandio Husnani and Sardar Chakar Khan Chandio Husnani and his family. The 15th leadership in Bhundani Chandios clan is Sardar Asad Imdad Khan Chandio.

Presently, Nawab Sardar Ahmed Khan Chandio is the Chief of Chandio tribe.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gaibi Shabir Ahmed Chandio Foundation, 2011, webpage: GSACF.
  2. ^ The Historical, Social and Economic Setting By M. S. Asimov Page 304
  3. ^ Punjab Chiefs By sir Lepal H Grafen/ Krnol Messay Page 541 to 559

External links[edit]