Chandler, Arizona

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Chandler, Arizona
City
Downtown Chandler
Downtown Chandler
Official seal of Chandler, Arizona
Seal
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 33°18′N 111°50′W / 33.300°N 111.833°W / 33.300; -111.833Coordinates: 33°18′N 111°50′W / 33.300°N 111.833°W / 33.300; -111.833
Country United States
State Arizona
County Maricopa
Founded May 17, 1912
Incorporated 1920
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Jay Tibshraeny (R)
Area
 • Total 64.58 sq mi (150.2 km2)
 • Land 57.9 sq mi (149.9 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 1,214 ft (370 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 236,123
 • Estimate (2013[2]) 249,146
 • Rank US: 79th
 • Density 4,202.2/sq mi (1,622.7/km2)
 • Demonym Chandlerite
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP code 85225
Area code(s) 480
FIPS code 04-12000
Website http://www.chandleraz.gov

Chandler is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, and is a prominent suburb of the Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). It is bordered to the north and west by Tempe, to the north by Mesa, to the west by Phoenix, to the south by the Gila River Indian Community, and to the east by Gilbert. As of July 2012, the population was 240,101 according to the United States Census Bureau,[3] however, according to the city's official website, Chandler's Planning Division estimated the population as of September 2012 being 239,610. It also has satellite locations for many technology companies, including Intel and Orbital Sciences Corporation.

History[edit]

In 1891, Dr. Alexander John Chandler, the first veterinary surgeon in Arizona Territory, settled on a ranch south of Mesa, studying irrigation engineering. By 1900, he had acquired 18,000 acres (73 km2) of land, and began drawing up plans for a townsite on what was then known as the Chandler Ranch. The townsite office opened on May 17, 1912, the same year that Chandler High School was established.[4] By 1913, a town center had become established, featuring the Hotel San Marcos, the first golf resort in the state.

Most of Chandler's economy was successfully sustained during the Great Depression (a second San Marcos hotel was canceled due to the Depression however), but the cotton crash a few years later had a much deeper impact on the city's residents. Later, the founding of Williams Air Force Base in 1941 led to a small surge in population, but Chandler still only held 3,800 people by 1950. By 1980, it had grown to 30,000, and it has since paced the Phoenix metropolitan area's high rate of growth, with vast suburban residential areas swallowing former agricultural plots. Some of this growth was fueled by the establishment of manufacturing plants for communications and computing firms such as Microchip, Motorola and Intel.

Since the early 1990s, the City of Chandler has experienced exponential growth, ranking among the fastest-growing municipalities in the country. Indeed, nearly 100,000 homes dot the landscape today and the population has surged to more than 238,000 residents. The heart of Chandler remains its revitalized historic downtown, which includes the award-winning Chandler City Hall and a Center for the Arts. In 2010, Chandler was named as an All-America City, bestowed by the National Civic League. Chandler was the only Arizona winner for the 61st annual awards.[citation needed] In 2012, the City celebrated its 100th Birthday. Centennial events are planned throughout the year.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, Chandler has a total area of 58.0 square miles (150 km2), of which, 57.9 square miles (150 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.17%) is water.

Chandler has reached its physical limits save for some remaining county islands and cannot expand outward anymore due to being bound in by the Gila River Indian Community, Tempe, Mesa, Gilbert, and Phoenix.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Chandler, AZ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 89
(32)
95
(35)
99
(37)
106
(41)
118
(48)
116
(47)
119
(48)
115
(46)
113
(45)
107
(42)
97
(36)
86
(30)
119
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 67
(19)
71
(22)
77
(25)
85
(29)
94
(34)
104
(40)
106
(41)
104
(40)
99
(37)
89
(32)
75
(24)
67
(19)
86.5
(30.2)
Daily mean °F (°C) 54
(12)
58
(14)
63
(17)
70
(21)
78
(26)
87
(31)
92
(33)
90
(32)
85
(29)
74
(23)
61
(16)
54
(12)
72.2
(22.2)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
45
(7)
49
(9)
54
(12)
61
(16)
70
(21)
77
(25)
76
(24)
70
(21)
59
(15)
47
(8)
40
(4)
57.4
(13.9)
Record low °F (°C) 15
(−9)
19
(−7)
24
(−4)
30
(−1)
37
(3)
43
(6)
54
(12)
51
(11)
40
(4)
30
(−1)
22
(−6)
17
(−8)
15
(−9)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.01
(25.7)
1.03
(26.2)
1.19
(30.2)
0.33
(8.4)
0.17
(4.3)
0.06
(1.5)
0.89
(22.6)
1.14
(29)
0.89
(22.6)
0.81
(20.6)
0.77
(19.6)
0.98
(24.9)
9.20
(233.7)
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 1,378
1940 1,239 −10.1%
1950 3,799 206.6%
1960 9,531 150.9%
1970 13,763 44.4%
1980 29,673 115.6%
1990 89,862 202.8%
2000 176,581 96.5%
2010 236,123 33.7%
Est. 2013 249,146 5.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[7]
A typical suburban neighborhood in Chandler.

As of the Census of 2010, there were 236,123 people, 86,924 households, and 60,212 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 73.3% White, 4.8% Black or African American, 1.5% Native American, 8.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 21.9% Hispanic or Latino, and 8.3% other.[8]

There were 62,377 households out of which 41.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.2% were non-families. 19.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 38.0% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 5.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $70,456, and the median income for a family was $81,720. Males had a median income of $44,578 versus $31,763 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,904. About 4.6% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 8.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Computer chip manufacturer Intel has an influential role in city growth strategies with four locations in the municipal area, including its first factory to be designated "environmentally sustainable" under current Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) criteria.[9] Other high-technology manufacturing firms have partnerships with the local government,[10] their operations employing approximately twenty-five percent of non-government workers in 2007.[11] Although per capita employment growth in the sector has been in decline in Arizona since 2000, semiconductor and other electronic component manufacturing was largely unaffected;[12] a series of customized grants for the training of net new employees, incorporating the Phoenix urbanized area (twenty-seven thousand workers now commute to work in other communities), resulted in a larger market share of (Californian) industry.

Since 2003, more than 2,900 jobs and investments totalling $3 billion have been created along the Price and Santan freeways,[13] between Arizona Avenue and Gilbert Road in the so-called South Arizona Avenue Corridor.[14] Three shopping malls provide a "strong attraction" to such an open-ended, high exposure[15] trade area: the 1,300,000-square-foot (120,000 m2) Chandler Fashion Center, opened in 2001, has spurred on several courts and laneway developments.[16] In the southern end of the Corridor, Wal-Mart is expected to draw business from as far south as the Hunt Highway, bringing with it a "large consumer population" which will improve "the image and perception of the area" in the mindset of many Greater Phoenix residents and state commercial retailers. The northern portion is "attractive and possesses the historic character" for success, which "can be grown to the south".[17]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2012 Economic Development Report[18] top employers in the city include:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Intel 10,300
2 Bank of America 3,650
3 Chandler School District 3,000
4 Wells Fargo 2,600
5 Chandler Regional Medical Center 2,100
6 Ebay/PayPal 2,000
7 Verizon Wireless 1,695
7 Microchip Technology 1,540
9 City of Chandler 1,523
10 Freescale Semiconductor 1,450

Culture[edit]

A.J. Chandler Park, located in downtown Chandler, contains a tumbleweed Christmas tree during the holidays.

Chandler is noted for its annual Ostrich Festival.[19] Initially, agriculture was the primary business in Chandler, based on cotton, corn, and alfalfa. During the 1910s, there were ostrich farms in the area, catering to the demand for plumes used in women's hats of the era. This demand ebbed with the increasing popularity of the automobile, but the legacy of the ostrich farms would be commemorated by the Ostrich Festival. The Chandler Center for the Arts, a 1,500-seat regional performing arts venue, is located downtown, and the Arizona Railway Museum is at Tumbleweed Park. A 70,000-square-foot (6,500 m2) Holocaust and Tolerance Museum has been slated for construction in Chandler.[20]

There are numerous properties in the town of Chandler which are considered to be historical and have been included either in the National Register of Historic Places[21] or listed as such by the Chandler Historical Society. The Historic McCullough-Price House, a 1938 Pueblo Revival-style home, was donated to the city by the Price-Propstra family in 2001. The city renovated and opened it to the public in 2007. On June 12, 2009, the McCullough-Price House was added to the National Register of Historic Places, the official listing of America’s historic and cultural resources worthy of preservation. The city of Chandler operates the facility, which is located southwest of Chandler Fashion Center at 300 S. Chandler Village Dr.

Parks and recreation[edit]

On May 8, 2013, KaBOOM!, a national nonprofit parks and recreation advocacy organization based in Washington, D.C., announced that Chandler was a 2013 Playful City USA community, marking the sixth consecutive year the city earned the distinction (one of just 16 U.S. cities to receive the honor for the seventh consecutive year since the program was initiated in 2007). Chandler was recognized for taking an innovative approach to making play a priority throughout the city with its many recreational amenities, parks and aquatic centers. The Playful City USA designation will be celebrated at the seventh annual "ShapeUp Arizona at Chandler's Day of Play" on Saturday, October 26, 2013 (9 a.m.-1 p.m.) at Tumbleweed Park.

Community Services Department[edit]

The Chandler Community Services Department serves residents and visitors in a variety of ways by providing recreation, fitness, cultural, artistic and educational opportunities along with classes, programs and special events. The Community Services Department, located in Old Downtown Chandler, operates the community center, senior center, dozens of local neighborhood and community parks, two recreation centers and six aquatic centers.

Chandler's recreational offerings provide residents and visitors of all ages, interests and abilities with the facilities to participate in many sports, activities and special events. The Department publishes a quarterly recreation magazine called Break Time that is distributed free at many City facilities and through a free subscription service to residents.

A sampling of programs available through the Community Services Department and its Parks and Recreation Divisions includes: swim lessons; junior tennis clinics and leagues; youth classes and programs; youth sports; after-school teen programs; summer youth sports camps and arts camps; fitness classes; group aerobics and dance classes; nature and sustainable living courses; adult classes, sports leagues and outdoor recreation programs; active adult activities; therapeutic recreation special events and Special Olympics fundraising programs.

Chandler's regional Tumbleweed Park hosts a variety of special events throughout the year, including the annual Ostrich Festival, the Fourth of July Fireworks Festival and the sixth annual Day of Play, attended by more than 5,000 people, was held on Saturday, October 27, 2012 at Tumbleweed Park.

On September 6, 2008, the Environmental Education Center at Veterans Oasis Park, a shared-use site with the Municipal Utilities Division and the Chandler Police Department, won the Valley Forward Association's prestigious Crescordia Environmental Excellence Award in the category of "Site Development and Landscape for Parks." In 2008, Chandler also received the American Crown Community Award for Outstanding Leadership in Local Government for Veterans Oasis Park, located at the northwest corner of Chandler Heights and Lindsay roads. This facility and park were an integral part of Chandler's 2010 All-America City award presentation. The city was one of 10 across the U.S. to receive the All-America City honor on June 18, 2010, in Kansas City, Missouri. Veterans Oasis Park is also the site of the city's highest point, at 1,214 feet (370 m).

On August 28, 2009, Chandler's Community Services Department received three Arizona Parks & Recreation Association (APRA) Awards: Outstanding Facility - Mesquite Groves Aquatic Center; Outstanding Community Special Event - Woofstock; and Outstanding Active Adult Program - (Chandler Senior Center Patriot Project).

On September 25, 2009, the Chandler Parks Division was honored for its efforts to preserve more than 250 native trees by transplanting and using them for multiple park beautification efforts. The Arizona Community Tree Council, Inc., in cooperation with the Arizona State Land Department – Urban & Community Forestry, presented Chandler with its top award in the Municipal Government Agencies category at its annual meeting in September. The Council recognized 18 other individual, civic, and corporate entities for their efforts to enhance and beautify the local environment with trees. The ACTC noted that Chandler was creative and resourceful in transplanting native trees during the construction and grading for the first phase of Mesquite Groves Park and Aquatic Center.

On September 2, 2010, the Chandler Parks Division received the Natural Resources Award from the Arizona Parks & Recreation Association for the development of Paseo Vista Recreation Area on top of a closed landfill at the northwest corner of McQueen and Ocotillo roads. On October 2, 2010, the Paso Vista project also received the prestigious Crescordia Environmental Excellence Award from the Valley Forward Association.

On September 23, 2011, Chandler's Channel 11 and Chandler Recreation received a second-place finish in the 2011 NATOA (National Association of Telecommunications Officers and Advisors) Government Programming Awards NATOA in the magazine format series category for the bi-monthly "Come Out & Play Chandler!" show's January episode that profiled the November 2010 inaugural Chandler Chuck Wagon Cook-Off event at Tumbleweed Ranch.

On October 12, 2011, Chandler was named one of the 2011 100 Best Communities for Young People, marking the fifth time that the City received this designation by the America’s Promise Alliance and Ing. The award program honors communities across America for their commitment to provide healthy, safe and caring environments for young people. Chandler was recognized for its collaborative efforts between the city, schools, non-profit organizations and community members. Programs such as ICAN, the Mayor’s Youth Commission, Chandler CARE Center and the Youth Enhancement Program are just some of the highlights of Chandler’s success.

Chandler Parks, Recreation Facilities, Aquatic Centers and Museums[edit]

Elected officials[edit]

Chandler is represented by a mayor, a vice mayor and council members. The vice mayor is elected by the city council from among its members. The mayor, vice mayor and council members represent the entire city and are not elected from districts or wards.

Mayor: Jay Tibshraeny
Vice Mayor: Jeff Weninger
Council Members

  • Trinity Donovan
  • Kevin Hartke
  • Rick Heumann
  • Matt Orlando
  • Jack Sellers
  • Jeff Weninger

Education[edit]

Elementary and secondary[edit]

Chandler High School. Built 1921

Most of Chandler is served by the Chandler Unified School District. Chandler west of Loop 101 is served by the Kyrene Elementary School District and the Tempe Union High School District. The area east of Loop 101 and north of Warner Road is served by Mesa Public Schools. The San Vincente neighborhood in Chandler is served by Gilbert Public Schools.

Education alternatives include charter schools, Christian schools, parochial schools, magnet schools, as well as "traditional" academies.

Post-secondary[edit]

The two-year Chandler-Gilbert Community College, serving 13,000 students, is located in the east of the city near the Gilbert border. Private educational institutions Western International University and Apollo Group subsidiary University of Phoenix and have locations here. Arizona State University is located 14 miles (23 km) from downtown in Tempe. Ottawa University began offering adult education programs in Chandler in 1977. Chandler University opened in 2011.

Chandler Public Library[edit]

The Chandler Public Library serves Chandler and the greater Phoenix East Valley. The main library is located in downtown Chandler, with three branches located elsewhere in the city: Sunset, Basha (shared with Basha High School), and Hamilton (shared with Hamilton High School).

As part of a family literacy project to encourage literacy and library use among families who live in public housing, the Chandler Public Library visited three public housing locations to offer a four-week series of programs at each.[22]

The Sunset branch's recently remodeled interior has transformed the community center into a bright place of reading and computer areas.

Radio and television licenses[edit]

Chandler has only one radio license: KMLE.

Transportation[edit]

Addressing[edit]

Most incorporated portions of Chandler, along with other East Valley cities Gilbert, Mesa, and Tempe, have their own addressing system distinct from Phoenix and Maricopa County. The north-south meridian is Arizona Avenue, also known as State Route 87. Commonwealth Avenue, two blocks south of Chandler Boulevard, is the east-west baseline. With the significant exception of the stretch of the city from Chandler Boulevard to Ray Road, address numbers follow in mile-long increments of 1000 along the grid. Modern remnants of county addressing from the city's rural agrarian days can be found in some neighborhood street names (90th Place, 132nd Street) and county islands surrounded by the city proper.

Airports[edit]

Chandler Municipal Airport is a two-runway general aviation facility located in the heart of the city south of Loop 202. Gila River Memorial Airport in the Gila River Indian Community may serve the city in the future. The city is jockeying for membership in the Phoenix-Mesa Gateway Airport Authority, several miles to the east, which offers service to 16 cities as of August 2009. Most area residents continue to use Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport, 20 miles (30 km) from downtown Chandler.

City bus[edit]

Chandler has very limited bus service compared with other Valley Metro cities of similar size. Most local routes dead end a few miles from the city or have further limited service within its borders. Currently, two express bus routes leave from the city near downtown, and a new park and ride facility was recently completed further south. Faced with increasing congestion, the land-locked city is pursuing transportation alternatives, including enhancement of the local bus system. This goal has partially been achieved through Proposition 400, which converts transit funding from city-based to county-based. The result has been increased frequencies on routes 72, 96 (since July 28, 2008), and 156, as well as Sunday bus service on these three routes. However, other routes have yet to be converted to "supergrid" status.

Freeways[edit]

Chandler is served by three limited access highways:

  • Loop 202, the Santan Freeway, completed through the city in 2006, cuts through the midsection of the city along the Pecos Road alignment.
  • Loop 101, the Price Freeway, was completed in 2001, dividing West Chandler from the rest of the city. A majority of the city's employment, over 10,000 people as of 2007,[23] are along the city's Price Road Corridor. Air Products' industrial pipelines located there are unique to the metropolitan area. South of Pecos, the freeway borders the Gila River Indian Community.
  • Interstate 10 is the city's westernmost border. Located on the other side is the Phoenix neighborhood of Ahwatukee.

Railroads[edit]

Heavy rail[edit]

Chandler is served by two single-track branch lines of the Union Pacific Railroad. One generally traverses the Kyrene Road alignment and currently dead-ends at the Lone Butte Industrial Park. The other runs east of Arizona Avenue and dead-ends near the location of the former World War II company town of Goodyear. Commuter rail service on these lines is under study as of 2007.

Light rail[edit]

No light rail lines have been approved in the city, although high-capacity corridors including light rail have been identified in other regional and local plans. City officials joined the regional light rail authority, METRO Light Rail, in 2007, expecting service perhaps in 2020. The initial route through the city will most likely be the Tempe South light rail line on Rural Road.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Sister Cities[edit]

Republic of Ireland Tullamore, County Offaly, Ireland - since 2008[51]

Gallery of historic properties in Chandler[edit]

Historical Chandler, Arizona
(NRHP = National Register of Historic Places)
(CHS=Chandler Historical Society[52])
Close-up view of the Chandler High School built in 1900 and located in 350 N. Arizona Ave.The building is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Reference #07000836 
San Marcos Hotel- The grand opening of the Hotel San Marcos took place on November 22, 1913. Among the 500 guests present were Governor George P. Hunt and Vice President Thomas Marshall. It now named the Crowne Plaza San Marcos Hotel. National Register of Historic Places – 1982. Reference 82002078 
McCullough-Price House built in 1925 and located at 300 S. Chandler Village Dr.. List in the National Register of Historic Places. Reference #09000311 
Suhwaro Hotel built in 1900 and located in 58 W. Buffalo St. in Chandler, Arizona. Architectural Style: Mission/Spanish Revival. The building is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Reference #94000575. 
The Edwards House is the "Maples" model from the 1913 Aladdin Company catalog. The house is located at Tumbleweed Park at 2250 S. McQueen Road. It is listed as historic by the Chandler Historical Society. 
The McCroskey House was built by George Edwards in 1917 and was originally near Pecos and Dobson Roads. The house was sold to the McCroskey family and is located at Tumbleweed Park at 2250 S. McQueen Road. It is listed as historic by the Chandler Historical Society. 
The McCormick Building was built in 1928 and is located at 149 West Boston Street. It originally housed the I.O.O.F. (Independent Order of Odd Fellows) Hall and Armory. The building is listed as historical by the Chandler Historical Society. 
The Monroe Building was built in 1912. The building is located at 28 San Marcos Place. The Chamber met upstairs and the lower floors were leased to stores. Merchant E.W. Monroe, after whom the building is named, leased the first floor for the Monroe Hardware Company, Chandler’s first hardware company. In 1915, the top floor space was converted into Chandler’s first movie theater, where silent pictures were shown. In 1919, the second floor became offices for Chandler’s first attorney Arthur E. Price, after whom Price Road is named. The building is listed as historical by the Chandler Historical Society. 
The Hotel Chandler Building was built in 1914. The building is located at 98 San Marcos Place. Chandler’s first elected mayor, David A. Jacobson, financed the construction of this building. The bottom floor was leased out for stores, and the second story was a reasonably priced hotel, an affordable alternative to the San Marcos Resort. Many prominent Chandler businessmen, especially those working downtown, kept permanent residence in rooms at the Hotel. The building is listed as historical by the Chandler Historical Society. 
The Price Building was built in 1914 and is located at 80 S. San Marcos Place. It is named for Arthur E. Price, who owned it at one time. Price, Chandler’s first attorney, drafted Chandler’s incorporation charter in 1920. Price Road is named after him. The building is listed as historical by the Chandler Historical Society. 
The Dobson Building was built in 1912 and is located at 64 S. San Marcos Place. John H. Dobson, who first homesteaded in the Mesa area in the 1890's, was one of the most instrumental men in Chandler’s early history, financing many private and public ventures, as well as establishing the First National Bank in 1919. Dobson Road is named after him. The building is listed as historical by the Chandler Historical Society. 
Southern Pacific Railroad Locomotive No. SP 2562 and Tender No. 8365 were built in 1900. It is on exhibit in the Arizona Railway Museum located at 330 E. Ryan Rd in Chandler, Arizona. The locomotive is a Model: BLW 2-8-0, built as: SP 2562 (2-8-0) by the Baldwin Locomotive Works, Serial Number: 29064. The locomotive and tender are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Reference #09000511. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  49. ^ HSGametime.com - Greg Vanney, soccer.
  50. ^ Somers, Kent (2009-02-03). "Obama calls Whisenhunt at his Chandler home". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2010-10-13. 
  51. ^ http://www.chandleraz.gov/content/agendaarchive/20080626_18.pdf
  52. ^ Chandler Historical Society

External links[edit]