|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Constituted||June 27, 2001|
|• Mayor||Louisette Langlois|
|• Federal riding||Gaspésie—Îles-de-la-Madeleine|
|• Prov. riding||Bonaventure|
|• Total||435.50 km2 (168.15 sq mi)|
|• Land||419.53 km2 (161.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||18.4/km2 (48/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2006-2011||2.7%|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−4)|
|Postal code(s)||G0C 1K0|
|Area code(s)||418 and 581|
Chandler is a town in the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine region of Quebec, Canada. It is the second-most populous town on the Gaspé Peninsula after the Town of Gaspé. It was known as Pabos between June 27, 2001 and May 4, 2002.
The city is the birthplace of NHL player Mathieu Garon, and Quebec politician Joseph-Léonard Duguay. Chandler's major industries include fishing, manufacturing pulp and paper products, and shipping from the large deep-water wharf.
In addition to Chandler itself, the town's territory also includes the communities of Newport, Grand-Pabos-Ouest, Pabos, Pabos Mills, and Saint-François-de-Pabos.
The place was first settled in 1729, making it one of the oldest places on the Gaspé coast. It was known over time as Paboc, Pabo, Pabok, Pabeau, and Pas-bos. In 1815, the final spelling of Pabos was assigned in the Description topographique de la province du Bas Canada (Topographical Description of the Province of Lower Canada). The meaning of this name is uncertain, although there are various theories: from the Mi'kmaq word papôg (meaning "calm waters"); a Basque name; from the Spanish pavo; a place in France, home of the first seignoral lord; or from the French words pas[sage] beau (meaning "beautiful passage").
In 1758, the settlement was destroyed by General James Wolfe during his Gulf of St. Lawrence Campaign. It was rebuilt and by 1860, the Parish of Sainte-Adélaïde-de-Pabos was formed. In 1876, it had become the most important civil and religious town in the Gaspésie region, and the place was incorporated as the Municipality of Pabos. 3 years later, its post office opened.
In 1912, Percy Milton Chandler, a Philadelphian manufacturer, built the first pulp and paper mill in the Gaspésie at the mouth of the Grand Pabos River, originally known as Portage-du-Grand-Pabos. By 1916, this village separated from Pabos and was incorporated as the Village Municipality of Chandler. The name Grand-Pabos was also used and in the 1930s, it was even tried to officially rename the village to Grand-Pabos. In 1958, Chandler gained ville (city) status.
On June 27, 2001, the municipalities of Newport, Pabos, Pabos Mills, and Saint-François-de-Pabos, as well as the City of Chandler, were merged to form the new City of Pabos, renamed to Chandler on May 4, 2002.
- Population total in 2001: 8278
- Chandler (ville): 3004
- Newport (municipality): 1808
- Pabos (municipality): 1427
- Pabos Mills (municipality): 1452
- Saint-François-de-Pabos (municipality): 587
- Population in 1996:
- Chandler (ville): 3358
- Newport (municipality): 2029
- Pabos (municipality): 1488
- Pabos Mills (municipality): 1578
- Saint-François-de-Pabos (municipality): 708
- English as first language: 3.3%
- French as first language: 95.6%
- English and French as first language: 0.1%
- Other as first language: 1.0%
Saint Dominique's Church is a large Roman Catholic church in Newport.
- "Chandler (Ville)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
- "Chandler". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
- "Chandler census profile". 2011 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
- "Pabos (Municipalité)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2011-12-13.
- "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
- "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
- "Chandler community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-12-14.
|Port-Daniel–Gascons||Gulf of Saint Lawrence|