Chandler Highway

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Chandler Highway
Victoria
General information
Type Highway
Length 1.4 km (1 mi)
Route number(s) State Route 21
Tourist routes Tourist Drive 2
Major junctions
North end Heidelberg Road (State Route 46 / Tourist Drive 2), Alphington, Melbourne
  Eastern Freeway (M3)
South end Princess Street (State Route 21), Kew, Melbourne
Highway system
Highways in Australia
National HighwayFreeways in Australia
Highways in Victoria

Chandler Highway is a short road in the inner eastern suburbs of Melbourne. It runs from Heidelberg Road in Alphington, across the Yarra River, using a narrow two-lane bridge over the Yarra River, then continues across the Eastern Freeway, then terminates at an intersection with Princess Street and Earl Street. Its total length is less than 2 kilometres, leading to its claim as "the shortest highway in the world".[1] For a city of its size, the Chandler Highway is one of very few river crossings in Melbourne.

History[edit]

The Yarra River bridge was originally completed in 1891 as part of the Outer Circle railway line, that ran from Fairfield station to East Camberwell station, and then south along the Alamein line to Oakleigh.[2] The section of railway occupied by the highway closed in 1893, the rail remaining on it until at least 1919,[3] with the viaduct was widened in the 1950s. Despite the closure of the Outer Circle, from 1919 the Heidelberg Road - Chandler Highway intersection in Fairfield had a single railway line running though the middle of it, servicing the Australian Paper Manufacturers factory railway siding until it was removed in the mid-1990s.[3]

The Chandler Highway was originally planned to continue east along the former rail corridor to where Earl, Asquith and Valerie Streets intersect. The highway was to end at High Street in Kew, and although the route is still listed as a 'proposed arterial' in recent editions of the Melway street directory, the reserve has been landscaped. At the diamond interchange with the Eastern Freeway, there are visible pavements reserved for smooth (elevated) entry/ exit ramps to be constructed. These proposals are illustrated in the early eighties editions of the Melway directory, but are unlikely be built.

Some or all of Chandler Highway was renamed from Fulham Road.[4][5]

The 1969 Melbourne Transportation Plan shows the Chandler Highway as part of the F6 Freeway corridor which would eventually link up to the Mornington Peninsula Freeway.

Congestion[edit]

The highway is badly congested with traffic as the four-lane highway is funnelled into two lanes at the Yarra River crossing. Over the past few years the bridge on Chandler Highway has regularly featured highly in the RACV/Leader bi-annual Redspot survey of Melbourne's worst points of traffic congestion. After regularly coming in second the Bridge was, in 2014, named as the worst point of congestion in Melbourne.[6]

Duplication of the Bridge[edit]

The bridge sits on the boundary of the State Electoral Districts of Kew and Northcote. State Member for Northcote, Fiona Richardson (Labor) led a community campaign during the term of Premier John Brumby (2007 - 2010), in the advocating for the bridge to be duplicated.

In October 2010 VicRoads released four proposed options for improving the Yarra River crossing with a new bridge:[7]

  • add an additional two lane bridge on either the east or west side of the existing bridge. The existing bridge would be retained as a two lane road bridge bringing the total lanes up to four.
  • add an additional four lane bridge on either the east or west side of the existing bridge. The existing bridge would be used as a pedestrian/cycle bridge. Local cycle groups would like to see this bridge full integrated into the shared path network via the Yarra Trail and the Anniversary Trail with an extension of the Anniversary Trail to Fairfield railway station.[8]

With the Northcote Electorate being one of the few battleground contests between Labor and the Greens Political Parties at the 2010 State Election the Chandler Highway Bridge became a key election issue with the Labor Party committing to duplicate the bridge while the Greens Political Party against any duplication.

With the election of a Liberal National Coalition Government in 2010 plans to duplicate the bridge halted despite Northcote remaining a Labor held seat.

In the intervening period the Amcor Paper Mill on the corner of Heidelberg Rd and Chandler Highway, Alphington ceased operations and vacated the site in 2012 before it was sold in mid 2013.[9]

Successive State Governments have given high level approval for residential development at the site subject to detailed planning which would arguably add increased traffic congestion to an already gridlocked area.

On the 15th June, 2014 Labor Opposition Leader Daniel Andrews and Fiona Richardson announced that Labor would commit $110 million to fixing Chandler Highway with construction works to commence immediately, if Labor was elected to Govern at the 2014 State Election to be held on the 29th November.[10]

The Chandler Bridge will likely feature heavily in the local campaigns in the Northcote Electorate.

Major intersections[edit]

Chandler Highway Australian State Route 21.svg
Northbound Distance from
Australian Alphanumeric State Route M3.PNG Freeway
(km)
Southbound
End Chandler Highway Australian State Route 21.svg
continues as Grange Road Australian State Route 21.svg
to Reservoir
1.1 Start Chandler Highway Australian State Route 21.svg
from Grange Road Australian State Route 21.svg
To Australian Alphanumeric State Route M80.svg; Heidelberg, Greensborough
Heidelberg Road Australian Tourist Route 2.svg Australian State Route 46.svg Australian traffic lights ahead sign.png
Clifton Hill, Melbourne
Heidelberg Road Australian State Route 46.svg Australian traffic lights ahead sign.png
YARRA RIVER 0.6 YARRA RIVER
Yarra Boulevard Australian Tourist Route 2.svg High Speed Intersection 0.4 Yarra Boulevard Australian Tourist Route 2.svg High Speed Intersection
Melbourne, Ringwood
Eastern Freeway Australian Alphanumeric State Route M3.PNG Grade Separated Intersection Australian traffic lights ahead sign.png
0.0 Frankston, Ringwood, Melbourne
Eastern Freeway Australian Alphanumeric State Route M3.PNG Grade Separated Intersection Australian traffic lights ahead sign.png
Start Chandler Highway Australian State Route 21.svg
from Princess Street Australian State Route 21.svg
& Earl Street
0.3 Kew, Burnley
Princess Street Australian State Route 21.svg Australian traffic lights ahead sign.png
End Chandler Highway Australian State Route 21.svg
continues as Earl Street
to Balwyn

See also[edit]

Portal icon Australian Roads portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Only Melbourne.com
  2. ^ David Beardsell and Bruce Herbert (1979). The Outer Circle: A history of the Oakleigh to Fairfield Park Railway. Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division). ISBN 0-85849-024-2. 
  3. ^ a b S Cauchi (November 1994). "Closure of the Australian Paper Ltd siding at Fairfield". Newsrail (Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division)): pages 328–331. 
  4. ^ According to http://dhe.darebin-libraries.vic.gov.au/encyclopedia.asp?id=137 it was renamed in 1994. The 1966 Melway appears to contradict this: [1]
  5. ^ Chandler Highway and Bridge Act 1954
  6. ^ http://redspotsurvey.com.au/results/2014-racv-redspot-survey-results
  7. ^ Northcote Leader: Hopes for Chandler Highway bridge fix
  8. ^ Boroondara BUG - Chandler Hwy Environs
  9. ^ http://www.theage.com.au/victoria/amcor-mill-site-sells-for-120-million-20130629-2p48r.html
  10. ^ http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/labor-vows-to-duplicate-chandler-highway-bridge-to-ease-congestion/story-fni0fit3-1226954968824