N. Chandrababu Naidu
|Nara Chandrababu Naidu
నారా చంద్రబాబు నాయుడు
|Nara Chandrababu Naidu
|Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh|
8 June 2014
|Governor||E. L. Narasimhan|
|Preceded by||N. Kiran Kumar Reddy|
1 September 1995 – 13 May 2004
Surjit Singh Barnala
|Preceded by||Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao|
|Succeeded by||Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy|
|Constituency||Kuppam, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh|
20 April 1950 |
Naravari Palle, Madras State, India
(now in Andhra Pradesh, India)
|Political party||Telugu Desam Party|
|Residence||Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad, India|
Naidu became the state's youngest assembly member and youngest minister at 28, and served as the longest chief minister of the state from 1995 to 2004. He unleashed a series of reforms after taking over the reins of state. With a firm conviction, Naidu laid emphasis on the use of modern information technology. Thus, he was instrumental in making Hyderabad one of the IT hubs in India and earned praise from global leaders and media for his public policies and approach to governance.
The 2004 election defeat for Naidu was primarily attributed to the Farmer not being factored high in his scheme of things. The severe drought and increasing debt had driven hundreds of farmers in the state to commit suicide. Naidu ignored the large rural population with his policies, which created a negative image for him. He subsequently lost 2009 Assembly elections and became the longest serving Leader of opposition since 2004. Naidu was also criticized for his frequent change of mind regarding support to Andhra Pradesh Bifurcation. He stormed back into power in the general elections held in 2014.
Many call him India's only politician with a 21st-century vision and perhaps the only chief minister in independent India whose objectives and achievements are difficult to describe without using terms out of classic management texts. British Prime Minister Tony Blair and U.S. President Bill Clinton visited Hyderabad during Naidu's tenure as chief minister, and the Governor of Illinois proclaimed a Naidu Day in his honor. He has won a number of awards, including IT Indian of the Millennium from India Today, Business Person of the Year by The Economic Times, South Asian of the Year from Time Asia and membership in the World Economic Forum's Dream Cabinet. Naidu chaired the National IT Panel under the NDA government and was described as one of the "hidden seven", working wonders around the world, by Profit (Oracle Corporation's monthly magazine).
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Early political career
- 3 Telugu Desam Party
- 4 Palace coup
- 5 As Chief Minister (1995–2004)
- 6 1999 election victory
- 7 Hyderabad development
- 8 2003 assassination attempt
- 9 2004 election defeat
- 10 2014 Elections Victory
- 11 Personal life
- 12 Achievements
- 13 Controversy
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Early life and education
Naidu was born on 20 April 1950 at Naravari Palle, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh in a Kamma family. His father, N. Kharjura Naidu, worked in agriculture and his mother Amanamma was a housewife. Since his village had no school, Naidu attended primary school in Seshapuram until class five and the Chandragiri Government High School until class nine. He went to Tirupati for his higher education, studying there from class 10 until he received his master's degree. Naidu completed his BA degree in 1972 before enrolling in an MA program in economics. In 1974, he began work towards a PhD under D. L. Narayana (Andhra Pradesh Finance Commission chairman), researching the economic ideas of N. G. Ranga. Naidu did not complete his PhD, instead becoming involved in politics.
Early political career
Naidu was drawn to politics at an early age, and joined Youth Congress as a student leader in Chandragiri, near Tirupati. After emergency was imposed on the country in 1975, he became close to Sanjay Gandhi.
Legislative career, 1978–1983
Naidu received a Congress ticket in 1978 under the 20-percent quota for youth from the Chandragiri constituency. He won, and was appointed as technical education and cinematography minister in T Anjaiah's government at the age of 28. He was the youngest minister in the Congress cabinet.
As the cinematography minister, Mr Naidu came in contact with NT Rama Rao, popularly known as NTR, the reigning superstar of Telugu cinema. In 1980, he married Bhuvaneswari, NTR's second daughter.
Telugu Desam Party
In 1982, NTR formed the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and swept the assembly polls held in 1983. Mr Naidu, who was then still in the Congress party, was defeated by a TDP candidate in Chandragiri. He joined the TDP soon after.
Rise in the party
Mr Naidu got the chance to show his political skills in August 1984, when Nadendla Bhaskara Rao staged a coup against NTR. He rallied the TDP MLAs together, and paraded them before the President of India. NTR was reinstated as the chief minister of Andhra Pradesh 31 days later. Impressed with his son-in-law's manoeuvres, NTR appointed Naidu general secretary of the party and he began playing an important role in the TDP after Rao's coup attempt.
Legislative career, 1989–1994
In the 1989 assembly election, Chandrababu Naidu contested from Kuppam and won with a slender majority of 5,000-odd votes. But, as the Congress had regained power in the election, Naidu had to sit in the Opposition. He served as Coordinator of the Telugu Desam Party, in which capacity he effectively handled the party's role of main opposition in the assembly which won him wide appreciation from both the party and the public. His role during this phase both inside the Legislative Assembly and outside was a critical factor for the subsequent success of the party at the hustings.
In 1994 the TDP regained power following an anti-Congress wave triggered by anti-liquor, anti-incumbency factions, and he was reelected to the Assembly from Kuppam Assembly constituency with a large majority of 57,000 votes and held the important portfolios of Revenue and Finance. During this tenure Mr. Naidu systematically introduced transparency in Government, thus breaking the tradition of inordinate secrecy in the Finance department. However, in August 1995, Naidu staged a coup against NTR, in an apparent attempt to pre-empt his second wife, Lakshmi Parvathi from wresting control of the party. The whole Nandamuri family supported him in this regard. But NTR was a dejected man, and he died soon after.
As Chief Minister (1995–2004)
As chief minister, Naidu advocated short-term sacrifice to turn Andhra Pradesh into an Asian tiger over the next 20 years. He slashed food subsidies (among other things), and raised power tariffs.
CNN and Time gave Naidu widespread coverage; CNN said "In just five years, he has turned an impoverished, rural backwater place into India's new information-technology hub", and Time magazine named him South Asian of the Year. Naidu was the West's favourite Indian; Tony Blair and Bill Clinton visited him in Hyderabad, the state capital (before bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh into Telangana and Andhra Pradesh in 2014), and the Governor of Illinois proclaimed Naidu Day in his honour.
- Universal, low-cost education and healthcare
- Rural employment
- Replacement of small investors with large corporations
1999 election victory
The Telugu Desam Party, led by Naidu, won a majority in the state legislature: 185 of 294 seats in the Assembly and 29 of 42 in the 1999 general election, making it the second-largest party in the BJP-led NDA coalition government.
Naidu said, "If you want to develop a state, you have to make its main cities a showpiece. Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh. Naturally, when a foreign investor is coming, if I ask them to go to Warangal, Tirupati or Vijayawada they may not go. So for the key sectors like information technology, biotechnology, healthcare and various outsourcing services", coining the slogan "Bye-bye Bangalore, hello Hyderabad". Microsoft Corporation has established a software-development centre in Hyderabad, the second such centre outside Seattle. Naidu encouraged other global IT companies (IBM, Dell, Deloitte, Computer Associates and Oracle) to move to Hyderabad, making presentations to global CEOs convincing them to invest in his state.
2003 assassination attempt
On 1 October 2003 Naidu survived a land-mine blast, escaping with a fractured left collarbone and hairline fractures of two right ribs. The blast occurred about 16:00 IST when Naidu was travelling in a convoy to the Lord Venkateswara temple in the Tirumala hills for the annual Brahmotsavam festival. State Information Technology Minister B. Gopalakrishna Reddy, Telugu Desam legislators R. Rajasekhar Reddy and Ch. Krishnamurthy and driver Srinivasa Raju were also injured.
2004 election defeat
The Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) failed to retain power after two successive wins, winning 47 of 294 seats in the state assembly and five of 42 in the Lok Sabha. While many of his ministers lost, Naidu won decisively in Kuppam.
According to Naidu, the 2004 election loss was primarily due to a severe drought and anti-incumbency sentiment. He was seen to have ignored the large rural population with his policies, failing to reach poor voters. Years of drought and increasing debt had increased the suicide rate.
2014 Elections Victory
The Telugu Desam Party (led by Naidu) returned to power, in the state of Residual Andhra Pradesh (Seemandhra) winning 102 seats out of 175 seats. Chandrababu Naidu allied with BJP's prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi and the leader of Jana sena party Pawan Kalyan during these elections. Naidu led TDP to a land slide victory in the state of Seemandhra, but lost to TRS in the region of Telangana which became the newest state of India on 2 June. Chandrababu Naidu took oath as the first Chief Minister of the residuary state of Andhra Pradesh at mangalgiri in the grounds of Acharya Nagarjuna University near Guntur.
Naidu is married to N.T. Rama Rao's second daughter, Bhuvaneswari. The couple have a son, Lokesh, who is married to Brahmani (Eldest daughter of Nandamuri Balakrishna, Rao's son).
- Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh for eight years, eight months and 13 days (1995–2004)
- At 28, the state's youngest assembly member and minister
- Voted IT Indian of the Millennium in a poll by India Today and 20:20 Media
- Longest-serving opposition leader of opposition in the Andhra Pradesh assembly
In November 2011 the Andhra Pradesh High Court ordered an investigation of Naidu, petitioned by Y. S. Vijayamma (MLA and wife of Late Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy, who sought an inquiry into Naidu's alleged disproportionate assets). The petition accused Naidu of doling out favours to corporations and amassing undue wealth.
Naidu fought to halt the investigation, challenging the high-court order before the Supreme Court; the latter refused to intervene, asking the petitioners to approach the high court for an interim order. Naidu, Ramoji Rao and others filed a vacation petition in the high court against the Central Bank of India probe. Reliance Industries impleaded in the case, and Chief Justice Madan Lokur recused himself because he owned Reliance stock. Counsel for Reliance expressed concern that the case might damage the company and its investors; allegations levelled by the petitioner against Naidu pertained to decisions about Reliance investment in the Krishna Godavari Basin and alleged kickbacks received by Naidu received through Reliance investment in Ushodaya Enterprises. On 13 December 2011 the Andhra Pradesh high court, in an interim order, stayed the investigation; on 16 February 2012 the court dismissed the petition, ruling that it did not meet the parameters of public-interest litigation.
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