Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana

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Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana c1910.jpg
Born (1863-07-08)8 July 1863
Died 26 November 1929(1929-11-26) (aged 66)
Occupation Prime Minister of Nepal
Predecessor Dev Samshar
Successor Bhim Shamsher

Field-Marshal Maharaja Sri Teen Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GCB, GCSI, GCVO, GCMG, FRGS (8 July 1863 – 26 November 1929), was the fifth Prime Minister of Nepal from the Rana dynasty. He served in this capacity from 27 June 1901, following the deposition of his brother Deva Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, to his death in 1929. He received the title of Tung-ling-ping-ma-kuo-kang-wang, as had all of his predecessors, from the Qing Dynasty in 1902. He received George V in 1911, and the Prince of Wales (the future Edward VIII) in 1921, respectively. During the First World War, he provided thousands of Gorkha recruits to the British Army.[1] He abolished slavery from 1924–1926, also signing the Anglo-Nepalese Treaty of Friendship in 1923, which recognised the independence of Nepal. However, he was a domineering figure who mercilessly controlled the King of Nepal, Tribhuvan, once going so far as to hold a loaded pistol to his head.

Chandra Shamsher (left) greeting King George V during a hunting trip to the Nepal Terai in 1911.

He was one of the three nephews who murdered Sri Teen Maharaja Ranodip Singh for the hereditary throne of Prime Minister.

For much of his life he was sick with tuberculosis and followed a strict diet regimen of rice and black lentils exclusively.

He was succeeded in turn by his brothers Maharaja Sri Teen Bhim Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (1929–1932), and Maharaja Sri Teen Juddha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (1932–1945).

Tri Chandra College on Ghanta Ghar has been established by Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana.

Children[edit]

  • Khagaraja Divyeshwari Rajya Lakshmi (1880–19?)
  • Field-Marshal Mohan Shamsher, GCB, GCIE, GBE, (23 December 1885 – 6 January 1967) who succeeded to the title of the 9th Rana Prime Minister of Nepal. The century old family oligarchy of the Ranas came to an end during the reign of Mohan Shamsher.[2]
  • Commanding General HH Sir Baber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GCVO, GBE, KCSI, KCIE (27 January 1888 – 12 May 1960), desc. Senior Rana during the Mohan Shamsher premiership, Sir Baber was the Mukthiyar and Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Nepalese Army.[3] Minister of Defence in the Congress Rana Cabinet.
  • Field-Marshal HH Sir Kaiser Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GBE (8 January 1892 – 7 June 1964), desc. Married Lakshmi Rajya Lakshmi, the then heir apparent of king Prithvi of Nepal.
  • Commanding General HH Singha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, KBE (23 December 1893 – 19?), desc. He was the Ambassador to India (1948-1951).
  • Commanding General Krishna Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, KCSI, KBE (28 February 1900 – 19 May 1977), desc. In 1909, he married Tara Rajya Lakshmi, the daughter of King Prithvi of Nepal. He died in Bangalore, India in 1977.
  • Major-General Vishnu Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (13 November 1906 – 4 February 1946). Exiled, died in the Bahamas having had one son - Rajkumar Pitamber Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (1931-2005). Removed from the line of succession.
  • General Shankar Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, GBE (1909 – 4 June 1976), desc. Nepal's Representative to the Court of St. James.
  • Lt.-Gen. Madan Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana (1909–1955), desc.
  • Khagaraja Divyeshwari Rajya Lakshmi (1918–1999), desc.
  • Major-General Maharajkumar Badri Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana, desc.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 8 July 1863 – 1877: His Excellency Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
  • 1877 – 1878: His Excellency Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
  • 1878 – 1882: Lieutenant-Colonel His Excellency Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
  • 1882 – 1885: Major-General His Excellency Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
  • 1885 – 1901: Commanding General His Excellency Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana
  • 1901 – 1 January 1905: Commanding General His Excellency Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi Ati-Projjwala-Nepal-Taradisha Sri Teen Maharaja Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski
  • 1 January – 10 June 1905: Commanding General His Excellency Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi Ati-Projjwala-Nepal-Taradisha Sri Teen Maharaja Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski, GCSI
  • 10 June 1905 – 1911: Commanding General His Excellency Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi Ati-Projjwala-Nepal-Taradisha Sri Teen Maharaja Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski, GCB, GCSI
  • 1911 – 1919: Commanding General His Excellency Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi Ati-Projjwala-Nepal-Taradisha Sri Teen Maharaja Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski, GCB, GCSI, GCVO, FRGS
  • 1919 – 1920: Commanding General His Excellency Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi Ati-Projjwala-Nepal-Taradisha Sri Teen Maharaja Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCVO, FRGS
  • 1920 – 1926: Commanding General His Highness Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi Ati-Projjwala-Nepal-Taradisha Sri Teen Maharaja Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCVO, FRGS
  • 1926 – 26 November 1929: Field Marshal His Highness Svasti Sri Madati Prachandra Bhujadandyetyadi Ati-Projjwala-Nepal-Taradisha Sri Teen Maharaja Chandra Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, Maharaja of Lamjung and Kaski, GCB, GCSI, GCMG, GCVO, FRGS

Honours[edit]

References[edit]