N. Chandrababu Naidu
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|Nara Chandrababu Naidu
నారా చంద్రబాబు నాయుడు
|Naidu in 2011|
|13th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh|
1 September 1995 – 13 May 2004
|Preceded by||N. T. Rama Rao|
|Succeeded by||Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy|
|Constituency||Kuppam, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh|
20 April 1950 |
Naravari Palle, Chittoor district (present-day Andhra Pradesh)
|Political party||Telugu Desam Party|
|Residence||Jubilee Hills Hyderabad, India|
Nara Chandrababu Naidu (born 20 April 1950) is the President of Telugu Desam Party (TDP), a regional party in the south India state of Andhra Pradesh from 1996. He served as the Chief Minister of the Andhra Pradesh for 8 years 8 months 13 days (1995–2004). He is the Leader of opposition in the AP State Assembly since then.
Both Tony Blair, PM, England and Bill Clinton, President, USA visited him at Hyderabad, the Andhra Pradesh state capital. The governor of Illinois, USA declared a Naidu Day in his honour. He also won numerous awards including 'IT Indian of the Millenium' by India Today, Business Person of the Year by Economic Times, member of the World Economic Forum's Dream Cabinet and South Asian of the Year by Time Asia. He also held post of chairperson of the "National IT Panel" under NDA government and he was described as one of the Hidden Seven working wonders around the world, by Profit, a monthly magazine published by Oracle Corporation, US.
Early life and education 
Naidu was born in the Naravari Palle village of Chittoor district on 20 April 1950. His father N. Kharjura Naidu was into agriculture and his mother Ammanamma was a housewife. Due to lack of education centre in his Native village, Naidu would travel one and half kilometres everyday to Seshapuram primary school up to class five. Then he went to the Chandragiri government high school, till class 9. He used to carry a lunch box with either curry or chutney. Rarely did he have a choice. He went to Tirupati for his higher education, where he studied from class 10 to his masters. Naidu completed his BA in 1972, after which he enrolled in the MA (economics) course. In 1974, he started work on his Ph.D under the guidance of Professor D L Narayana, who was then Andhra Pradesh State Finance Commission chairman. The topic was Economic ideas of Professor N G Ranga. He did not complete his Ph.D and got involved in active politics.
Early political career 
After staging strong student leadership qualities, Naidu took a decision to pursue active politics. Naidu entered the political scene as a youth leader from Chandragiri and after that there was no looking back for him. During the Emergency, he was appointed as Pulicherla Youth Congress president. He became close to then prime minister Indira Gandhi's son Sanjay Gandhi.
Legislative career 1978–1983 
Naidu got a Congress ticket in 1978 under the 20 per cent quota for youth from the Chandragiri Constituency. He was elected into the state assembly of Andhra Pradesh in 1978 as a member of the Congress Party, and he almost immediately became the minister of technical education and Cinematography in T Anjaiah's cabinet, making him the state's youngest assembly member and youngest minister at 28.
Being the Minister of State for Cinematography, he came into contact with the then superstar and Matinee Idol of Telugu Cinema, late Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (NTR). The Nadamuri family was impressed with Chandrababu Naidu, and they soon proposed that NTR's daughter Bhuvaneswari be married to him. Naidu gave a positive response to the proposal, the wedding was conducted on a grand scale in Madras.
Telugu Desam Party 
In early 1982 there were rumours that NTR was planning to plunge into politics by floating a regional political party. Just nine months before the scheduled general elections, NTR floated a regional party Telugu Desam Party (TDP) and was said to have invited Naidu to join the party, but Naidu stuck to the Congress party and contested again from Chandragiri constituency against a rival TDP candidate Venkatarama Naidu. The TDP swept the polls, and won a huge majority. It was the first time Indian National Congress was defeated in the state after Independence.
Naidu joined the TDP after he was defeated in the elections, predicting he would have a better future in his father-in-law's party.
Rise in the party 
Naidu soon became NTR's trusted lieutenant and right hand man. When Nadendla Bhaskara Rao staged the infamous coup against NTR in August 1984, it was Chandrababu Naidu who helped his father-in-law (NTR) regain power by rallying and parading all the MLA's before the President of India at Rashtrapati Bhavan. NTR appointed Naidu as the General Secretary of the party. He began playing a crucial role in the TDP after Nadendla Bhaskara Rao's coup.
NTR opted for a mid-term poll after regaining the chief ministership, but Naidu did not contest the poll. The Nadendla factor gave NTR another landslide. Naidu slowly started to become a second power center in the TDP and was believed to be building his own group in the party.
Legislative career 1989–1994 
In the 1989 Assembly Elections, Chandrababu Naidu contested from his native constituency Kuppam and won with a slender majority of 5,000-odd votes. But as the Congress had regained power in the state elections, Naidu had to sit in the Opposition.
Palace Coup 
In 1994, the TDP regained power following an anti-Congress wave triggered by an anti-liquor agitation and a strong anti-incumbency factor. Naidu became the Finance and Revenue minister in NTR's cabinet.
On 23 August 1995 Naidu engineered an internal party coup against NTR. His main aim to overthrow NTR was that NTR's second wife Lakshmi Parvathi was mishandling the party internal affairs to be the successor to NTR in the party and that the party was in danger of disintegrating. He convinced majority of the party about the dangers of Lakshmi Parvathi's buffoonery decisions keeping NTR in the dark. Naidu took over the post of Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh on 1 September 1995. He was also chosen as president of the Telugu Desam Party, sidelining NTR from TDP. NTR's sons, actors Nandamuri Harikrishna and Nandamuri Balakrishna and son-in-law Daggubati Venkateswara Rao played a crucial role in the coup.
As a Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh 
As chief minister, Chandrababu Naidu, had called for short-term sacrifices to turn Andhra Pradesh into an Asian tiger over the next 20 years. Naidu soon slashed subsidies for – among other things – food, and he raised power tariffs.
Both CNN and Time gave widespread coverage to Naidu's way of functioning, CNN said, In just five years, he has turned an impoverished, rural backwater place into India's new information technology hub. Time magazine has awarded Naidu as South Asian of the Year.
Naidu was the West's favourite Indian. Tony Blair and Bill Clinton both visited him in Hyderabad, the state capital. The governor of Illinois created a Naidu Day in his honour, and the British government and the World Bank flooded his state with money. They loved him because he did what he was told.
Vision 2020 
- It states that education and healthcare must be made available to everyone at a cost.
- Generate employment in the countryside
- Replace small investors with large corporations.
1999 election victory 
Telugu Desam Party (TDP) led by Mr.Naidu won a majority in the state house winning 185/294 seats in the State Assembly and 29/42 in the Lok Sabha. Telugu Desam Party and its ally Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) together bagged 37/42 seats in the Lok Sabha segment. Making it the second-largest ally in the new BJP led coalition government.
Hyderabad's development 
Naidu quoted, "If you want to develop a state, you have to make its main cities a showpiece. Hyderabad is the capital of Andhra Pradesh. Naturally, when a foreign investor is coming, if I ask them to go to Warangal, Tirupati or Vijayawada they may not go. So for the key sectors like information technology, biotechnology, healthcare and various outsourcing services."
Naidu started the slogan " Bye-Bye Banglore, Hello Hyderabad". Microsoft Corporation has already set up a software development centre in Hyderabad, the second such centre outside its base in Seattle. Naidu managed to coax other global IT giants IBM, Dell, Deloitte, Computer Associates and Oracle to set up shop in Hyderabad, at a time when India hardly featured on global IT majors' radar. Naidu made impressive presentations before global CEOs and convinced them to invest in his state.
2003 assassination attempt 
On 1 October 2003, Naidu survived a land mine blast, He escaped with a fractured left collar bone and a hairline fracture to two of his right ribs. The incident occurred around 16:00 (IST) when Naidu was traveling in a convoy, heading to the Lord Venkateshwara temple in the Tirumala hills for the annual Brahmotsavam festival.
The State Information Technology Minister B. Gopalakrishna Reddy, Telugu Desam legislators R. Rajasekhar Reddy and Ch. Krishnamurthy, as well as the driver Srinivasa Raju, were also injured. After an extensive investigation Naidu's survival was attributed to the armoured vehicle in which he was traveling.
2004 elections failure 
The Telugu Desam Party led by Chandrababu Naidu failed to come into the power after two successive wins, winning as low as 47/294 constituencies in the state assembly and 5/42 in the Lok Sabha segment. While many of his ministers lost, Naidu himself won by a huge margin in Kuppam.
Reasons behind 2004 election debacle 
According to Naidu, the 2004 election failure is primarily attributed to the severe drought that gripped during his rule and an anti-incumbency factor.
Apart from this People thought, Naidu ignored the large rural population with his policies, failing to reach poorer voters. Years of drought and increasing debt have driven hundreds of farmers in the state to commit suicide, which created negative image for Mr Naidu.
Chandrababu gave more priority to infrastructure development instead of freebies, here people misunderstood about his policies.
Personal life 
- He served as the Chief Minister of the State for 8 years 8 months 13 days(1995–2004)
- The state's youngest assembly member and youngest minister at 28 
- He was voted as the `IT Indian of the Millennium' in a poll conducted by India Today group and 20:20 Media. 
- He is also the longest serving Leader of opposition in Andhra Pradesh assembly.
Assets Case 
In November 2011, The Andhra Pradesh High Court ordered a probe against Chandrababu Naidu. A Division Bench said "we are of the opinion that the petitioner made out a case of misuse and/or abuse of power and also actions of indulgence by respondent No. 8 (Mr. Naidu) warranting admission of the writ petition”. The Bench directed the investigating agencies – Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), the Enforcement Directorate (ED) and the Securities And Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to submit reports within three months so that the court could further consider the matter. The petition was filed by Y.S. Vijayamma, MLA and wife of late Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy seeking an inquiry into his alleged disproportionate assets. The petition accused Naidu of doling out several favors to select corporate houses and amassing huge wealth.
Naidu fought tooth and nail to halt the investigation. Naidu and his associates had challenged the high court order before the Supreme Court but the apex court refused to intervene in the matter and asked the petitioners to approach the high court for interim order. Subsequently Naidu, Ramoji Rao and others filed a vacation petition in the high court against the CBI probe. The matter took a new turn when Reliance Industries also impleaded in the case and Chief Justice Madan Lokur recused himself from the case on the ground that he had shares in Reliance. The counsel of Reliance expressed apprehension that the case can cause damage to the company as well as lakhs of its investors. One of the allegations leveled by the petitioner against Chandrababu Naidu pertains to the decisions regarding the Reliance's investment in the Krishna Godavari basin and the alleged kick backs that Naidu received through Reliance investment in Ushodaya Enterprises. Finally, on 13 December 2011 the Andhra Pradesh high court in its interim orders stayed the investigation.
On 16 February 2012, the Andhra Pradesh High Court dismissed the petition stating that it does not satisfy parameters of public interest litigation.
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