Chandragiri Hill

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For other places with the same name, see Chandragiri (disambiguation).
Chandragiri Temple Complex

Chandragiri (Kannada: ಚಂದ್ರಗಿರಿ) is one of the two hills in Shravanabelagola in the Indian state of Karnataka, the other one being Vindhyagiri.

7th century Old Kannada inscription on Chandragiri hill, Shravanabelagola

History[edit]

The recorded history surrounding the hill started in 300 BC when Shruthakevali, Bhadrabahu and Chandragupta Maurya visited the place in order to attain religious peace. The Small Hill derives its name of Chandra from the fact that Chandragupta was the first of the rishis who lived and performed penance there.

Kalbappu was the early name of the hill and it dominates the history of the town of Shravanabelagola between 3rd century BC and 12th century AD. The Jainism traditions link the Maurya Empire Emperor Chandragupta and his teacher Bhadrabahu with this place. Of the total number of 106 memorials found at Shravanabelagola, 92 are located on the Small Hill. Of these, about 47 memorials of monks, 9 of nuns, and 5 of householders belong to the 7th and 8th century. This points out at the popularity of the custom, and of its extensive prevalence on the Small Hill.

Geography[edit]

The hill is situated about 3049 feet from mean sea level and 200 feet from the above the ground level and is situated in the NW entrance of the town. A vast expanse of granite rock, scatteed large and small boulders can be found en route to the peak.

Monuments[edit]

8th century Old Kannada inscription on Chandragiri hill, Shravanabelagola
Chandragiri temple complex at dawn.

A number of Jain basadis are found on the Hill. Some of the prominent ones are:

  • Shantinatha Basadi
  • Parshwanatha Basadi
  • Chandragupta Basadi
  • Kattale Basadi
  • Majjigana Basadi
  • Shasana Basadi
  • Chandraprabha Basadi
  • Parshwanatha Basadi II
  • Chavundaraya Basadi
  • Eradukatte Basadi
  • Savatigandhavarana Basadi
  • Terina Basadi
  • Shantishwara Basadi
  • Iruve-Brahmadeva Basadi

Apart from these a number of other monuments such as Bhadrabahu Cave, Marasimha's Manastambha, Mahanavami Mantapa, Bhadrabahu Inscriptions, Gangaraja Mantap and Nishidhi Mantaps can be found on Chandragiri.