Chandragupta I

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Chandragupta 1
Gupta Emperor
Queen Kumaradevi and King Chandragupta I on a coin of their son Samudragupta 350 380 CE.jpg
Queen Kumaradevi and King Chandragupta I, depicted on a coin of their son Samudragupta, 350–380 AD
Reign 320–335 AD
Predecessor Ghatotkacha (Gupta Ruler)
Successor Samudragupta the Great
Consort Kumaradevi
Wife Queen Kumaradevi
Royal house Gupta dynasty
Religious beliefs Hinduism

Chandra Gupta was a major king in the Gupta Empire around 320 AD and is generally considered as the founder of the Gupta dynasty. As the ruler of the Gupta Empire, he is known for forging alliances with many powerful families in the Ganges region.


Early life[edit]

Chandra Gupta was son of Ghatotkacha to the throne of the ancestral Gupta kingdom. While his two ancestors were given the title of Maharaja (king), Chandragupta I is described in his inscriptions as Maharajadhiraj (king of kings) signifying a rise in the family fortunes. He gained control over many territories by conquests and favourable marriage alliances. He married a Lichchhavi princess to enhance his prestige.

After 500 years of invasion and turmoil after Ashoka’s death, a strong leader named Chandragupta took over. Chandragupta married a daughter of a royal influential family. After marrying, he earned the title of Great King of Kings. A series of gold coins issued by the king also testifies to his rising influence. The well known Gupta era which commenced on February 26, 320 AD [1] is generally attributed to Chandragupta I. Hence it is surmised that the Gupta era began on the occasion of the coronation of Chandragupta I. According to the Puranas the Guptas ruled over territories (referred to as Janapadas) such as Prayag (Allahabad), Saket (Oudh) and Magadha (south Bihar). This description of the Gupta dominion precedes the reign of Samudragupta and hence must refer to the territories ruled over by Chandragupta I. His son Samudra Gupta ruled the Gupta empire after Chandra Gupta I in A.D 335

Srsidass, 1959[edit]

  • R. C. Majumdar, Ancient India, 6th revised edition. Motilal Banarsidass,


  1. ^ R.C. Majumdar, History and Culture of the Indian People: The Classical Age, Chapter I, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan,1954
Regnal titles
Preceded by
as Gupta Ruler
Gupta Emperor
Succeeded by
Samudragupta the Great