Vyjayanthimala as Chandramukhi in Devdas (1955 film).
|Created by||Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay|
|Portrayed by||Notable: Vyjayanthimala
For more "Performers"
|Significant other(s)||Chunnilal, Kalibabu|
Chandramukhi is one of the pivotal characters in the 1917 Bengali novel Devdas by Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay. Her character was inspired by the Hindu mystical singer Meera, who devoted her life to Lord Krishna; similarly Chandramukhi devoted her life to Devdas. Chandramukhi is portrayed as a hooker with a heart of gold in the novel and its film adaptations. Chandramukhi means "moon faced" or "as beautiful as the moon" in Sanskrit.
In the novel
Chandramukhi is a courtesan who lives in Calcutta. She is considered the most beautiful and richest prostitute in the area of Chitpur. She is first introduced to Devdas by Chunnilal, who returns to Calcutta heart-broken after the marriage of Parvathi "Paro". Devdas, disgusted over Chandramukhi's profession insults her and leaves her kotha. Chandramukhi, impressed by Devdas's attitude, later falls in love with him after realizing his steadfast love for Paro. She leaves her profession for Devdas and convinces him to marry her; he, however, has to reluctantly reject her offer as he has devoted his life to Paro. In return, Chandramukhi does not force him to be with her but waits patiently for him. Subsequently, she also moves to Ashthajhari village, where she lives in a muddy house located at the bank of a river and helps the needy. After some struggle, she meets with Devdas again, who now accepts her love.
In the film
In most of the film adaptations of Devdas, the story of Chandramukhi is similar to the novel. However, in most of the films her humanitarian work in helping the needy is not depicted. Unlike in the novel, a scene in which Chandramukhi and Parvathy meet was added in Bimal Roy's 1955 version when Paro, played by Suchitra Sen riding in a human rickshaw, comes across Chandramukhi, played by Vyjayanthimala, who just stares at Paro without a single word being exchanged between them. The meeting scene of Paro and Chandramukhi in the 1955 version was still regarded as one of the memorable scene in Bollywood with the background music adding the impact to the scene. In the 2002 version, the director, Sanjay Leela Bhansali, extended the interaction between Paro and Chandramukhi, also showing them dancing together to the hit song "Dola Re Dola".
|Year||Film||Essayed by||Language||Other cast||Notes|
|1927||Devdas (1928)||Niharbala / Miss Parul||Silent||Phani Sarma||Tarakbala|
|1935||Devdas (1935)||Chandrabati Devi||Bengali||P.C. Barua||Jamuna Baruah|
|1936||Devdas (1936)||T. R. Rajakumari||Hindi||K.L. Saigal||Jamuna Baruah|
|1937||Devdas (1937)||Mohini||Assamese||Phani Sarma||Zubeida|
|1953||Devdas (1953 Telugu film)||Lalitha||Telugu||Akkineni Nageswara Rao||Savitri||Also known as Devadasu|
|1955||Devdas (1955)||Vyjayanthimala||Hindi||Dilip Kumar||Suchitra Sen|
|1955||Good Bye My Lover||Molly Lim||Malay||S. Roomai Noor||Chang Lai Lai||Malaysian film
also known as Selamat Tinggal, Kekasihku
|1965||Devdas (1965)||Nayyar Sultana||Urdu||Habib Taalish||Shamim Ara||Pakistani film|
|1974||Devdas (1974)||Jayanthi||Telugu||Ghattamaneni Krishna||Vijaya Nirmala||also known as Devadasu|
|1979||Devdas (1979)||Supriya Choudhury||Bengali||Soumitra Chatterjee||Sumitra Mukherjee||also known as Debdas|
|1982||Devdas (1982)||Anwara||Bengali||Bulbul Ahmed||Kabori Sarwar||Bangladeshi film|
|1982||Devadas (1989)||Ramya Krishnan||Malayalam||Venu Nagavally||Parvathy||also known as Devadas|
|2002||Devdas (2002 Bengali film)||Indrani Halder||Bengali||Prasenjit Chatterjee||Arpita Pal|
|2002||Devdas (2002 Hindi film)||Madhuri Dixit||Hindi||Shah Rukh Khan||Aishwarya Rai|
|2009||Dev.D||Kalki Koechlin||Hindi||Abhay Deol||Mahi Gill||A modern-day take on Devdas|
|2010||Devdas (2010)||Meera||Urdu||Nadeem Shah||Zara Shaikh||Pakistani film|
|2013||Devdas (2013)||Moushumi||Bengali||Shakib Khan||Apu Biswash||Bangladeshi film|
Chandramukhi is one of the first characters in an Indian novel to deal with prostitution. She was often depicted as prostitute with the heart of gold. The character of Chandramukhi had paved the way for other portrayals of prostitutes in films like Sadhna, Pyaasa and Pakeezah. It should be noted that even actresses such as Nargis, Suraiya and Bina Rai refused to enact the role of a prostitute in the 1955 film of Devdas, which later went to Vyjayanthimala.
Chandramukhi was well received in India by critics. In 2006, Rediff listed Chandramukhi in their list of "Bollywood's Best Tawaif". Nikhat Kazmi of The Times of India also ranked Chandramukhi at #5 in his list "Tart with a heart", saying that "The egotistical Paro may have given her boy friend the goby, but self-sacricficing Chandramukhi was willing to put everything on hold — her livelihood too — for her lover".
There are many actresses who have portrayed Chandramukhi in film adaptations of Devdas. The first notable award was won by Vyjayanthimala in 1956 when she won the Filmfare Awards, known as Bollywood's Oscar, in the Supporting Actress category. However, she was also the first person to decline the award, as she thought that her role was not a supporting one but was of equal importance and parallel to that of Parvathy in the 1955 version. Other actresses who played Chandramukhi in Hindi versions of the novel have also won this award.
The following are awards and nominations received by actresses who have played the role of Chandramukhi in film:
|Devdas (1955 film)||Vyjayanthimala||Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress||Won||She refused to accept the award as she thought that Chandramukhi and Parvathi were parallel roles and not a main and a supporting role||
|Devdas (2002 Hindi film)||Madhuri Dixit||Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Screen Award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Zee Cine Award for Best Actor – Female||Nominated|
|IIFA Award for Best Actress|
|Dev.D||Kalki Koechlin||Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actress||Won|
|Stardust Award for Breakthrough Performance – Female||Nominated|
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Madhuri Dixit in ‘Devdas’ (2002) is Chandramukhi which means ‘moon faced’.
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