Chandrashekhar Shankar Dharmadhikari

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Justice
Chandrashekhar Shankar Dharmadhikari
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Born 20 November 1927
Raipur, Madhya Pradesh, India.
Nationality Indian
Education M.A.L.L.B of Nagpur University, Maharashtra.
Occupation Anindian independence movement activist, a lawyer, a judge and an author.
Movement Quit India Movement of 1942
Spouse(s) Late Mrs. Tara Dharmadhikari
Children Aruna Patil is Doctor, Satyaranjan is judge of High Court of Bombay and Ashutosh is an Advocate.
Parent(s) Late Smt. Damayanti Dharmadhikari and Acharya Dada Dharmadhikari
Awards Padma Bhushan

Chandrashekhar Shankar Dharmadhikari (Dr.C.S.Dharmadhikari) (20 November 1927, Raipur, Madhya Pradesh, India is an Indian independence movement activist, a lawyer, a judge and an author. He was acting chief justice of Bombay High Court. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2003. He has authored many books in the Hindi, Marathi and Gujarati languages.

Early life[edit]

Dr. Dharmadhikari was a Khadi-dhari from his birth (wearing only Khadi clothes from his birth). He was born in a Brahmin house to Late Smt. Damayanti Dharmadhikari and Acharya Dada Dharmadhikari. In his childhood biography Shashvat Shikshan Sampatti taken from "Athvanitil Shala Ani Shikshak" from Jivan Shikshan , he mentions how he and other freedom fighter's children grew up like a "Cactus" meaning that they grew up and learned independently as their parents would be away in freedom campaigns most of their time. His father was imprisoned in 1930, 1932 and 1942 and his mother took part in individual Satyagraha in 1941 and Quit India Movement of 1942 and was imprisoned for about three years due to which the upper class would say to him (also to other children like him) that "Neither fear of father nor mother, son went on to become a volunteer."

As a child he went to primary municipal school near Chitnis Park in Nagpur for one year. In 1935 he moved to Wardha and used to stay at Bajajwadi which was a center for many freedom fighters. There he took entry in second standard at Tilak Municipal Primary School. At that time he with his friend found a club which was named Ghanchakkar Samaj by his father Dada Dharmdhikari. After completing his primary education he took admission at Nav Bharat Vidyalaya, Wardha which was set up under the influence of Mahatma Gandhi.[1] C.S. Dharmadhikari is also educated from S.B. City College, Noshar Mahavidyala and University College of Law Nagpur.

Family[edit]

His grandfather is Shri. T. D. Dharmadhikari. His parents are late Smt. Damayanti Dharmadhikari and Acharya Dada Dharmadhikari.He has three brothers and one sister. Their names are Pradyumna Dharmadhikari, Yashwant Dharmadhikari, Bacchu Dharmadhikari and Usha Dharmadhikari (Tamaskar).[2] Of all his brothers and sister, Chandrashekar Dharmadhikari is the only one alive and is staying at Mumbai. He married late Mrs. Tara Dharmadhikari. They had a daughter Aruna Patil and two sons − Satyaranjan and Ashutosh.

His grandfather Shri. T. D. Dharmadhikari was in judicial service whereas C.S. Dharmadhikari's father was a well-known Gandhian thinker and freedom fighter and one of the strongest adherents of Mahatma Gandhi's principles. His mother late Smt. Damayanti Dharmadhikari took part in individual Satyagraha in 1941 and Quit India Movement of 1942 and was imprisoned for about three years. His brother Late Y. S. Dharmadhikari was Advocate General of Madhya Pradesh and his wife late Mrs. Tara Dharmadhikari is M. A. (Economics) and held Diploma in Journalism and was Deputy Director, Information and Publicity, Government of Maharashtra and editor, Lokrajya. C.S. Dharmadhikari's daughter Aruna Patil is a doctor and his son, Satyaranjan is judge of High Court of Bombay and Ashutosh is an Advocate.

Indian independence movement activist[edit]

He took part in Quit India Movement of 1942 at the age of 14 when he was still taking education. At the age of 14, he left school and thereafter an order was issued by the British Government that he should not be admitted into any Recognized School. He took active part in Quit India Movement. His two elder brothers, father, mother and other family members were already in jail, and he was the only male member left in the family. Therefore, he avoided arrest and since then worked underground and was responsible for various activities, which sustained and maintained Quit India Movement for years together.

His contribution to the National Movement now gets recognition from the Government of Maharashtra, when Government included his name in a prestigious list of Freedom Fighters, without any request or application, and is also granted Freedom Fighter's Pension.[3]

Judge[edit]

Chandrashekhar Dharmadhikari belongs to the family of lawyers. His grandfather Shri. T. D. Dharmadhikari was in judicial Service and was known for his integrity and uprightness. His Brother Late Y. S. Dharmadhikari was Advocate General of Madhya Pradesh and his sons : Satyaranjan[4] is a judge of High Court of Bombay and Ashutosh is an Advocate.

He graduated as M.A.L.L.B from Nagpur University College of Law. He enrolled as an Advocate of the Nagpur High Court on 25 October 1956, of the Bombay High Court on 21 July 1958 and of the Supreme Court on 20 July 1959. He was appointed Assistant Government Pleader at Nagpur in August 1965 and Additional Government Pleader High Court at Bombay, Nagpur Bench, in October 1970.He served as Government Pleader of High Court of Bombay, Nagpur Bench from 1965 to 1972. C.S. Dharmadhikari was appointed Additional Judge of the Bombay High Court on 13 July 1972 and Permanent Judge from 24 November 1972. He retired on 20 November 1989.[5]

He was also the Chairman of Maharashtra Administrative Tribunal from 7 July 1991 to 20 November 1992.[6]

His judgments as a judge were outstanding. Judge should be Impartial, but not impassive was his belief. Judgments delivered by him, relating to Rights of Women, tribal people, children, insane people, prisoners are landmarks. In his Judgment during the Emergency, he held that apart from the Constitutional Right, Right to Life is natural and human right and therefore, even during the Emergency, a citizen has a right to approach the High Court, as natural and human right to life cannot be taken away which was a unique judgment. As per this Judgment he entertained the petitions and released the detained people, against whom there was no material. He was well known as an independent, most upright and fearless judge.[7]

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