Chang (surname)

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Chang
Family name
Region of origin China

Chang is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname (Cháng). It was listed 80th among the Song-era Hundred Family Surnames.

"Chang" is also the Wade-Giles romanization of two Chinese surnames written Zhang in pinyin: one extremely common and written in traditional characters and in simplified characters and another quite rare and written as in both systems, there is also a much even rare in Hong Kong written as Chang as well. For full details on them, see the "Zhang" and "Zheng" article.

Romanization[edit]

常 is romanized as Ch'ang in Wade-Giles, although the apostrophe is often omitted in practice. It is romanized as Soeng and Sheung in Cantonese; Seong and Siông in Minnan languages; and Sioh in Teochew. It is occasionally romanized Sōng and Thōng as well.[citation needed]

It is the source of the Vietnamese surname Thường and the Korean surname romanized as Sang (). In Japanese, it is romanized as .

Distribution[edit]

常 was unlisted among the most recent rankings of the 100 most common Chinese surnames in mainland China and on Taiwan, although it was the 94th-most-common surname during the 1982 Chinese census.

is the third-most-common surname in mainland China, making up 6.83% of the population of the People's Republic of China.[1] Its Traditional Chinese variant is the fourth-most-common surname in Taiwan, making up 5.26% of the population of the Republic of China.[2]

"Chang" is a common Chinese surname in the United States, ranked 687th among all surnames during the 1990 census and 424th during the year 2000 census.[3] It was ranked 11th among all surnames held by Asians and Pacific Islanders and 6th among all surnames held by Chinese Americans in 2000, well ahead of the pinyin variant "Zhang".[4]

Origin[edit]

The pronunciation of Chang in Old Chinese has been reconstructed as *daŋ. Its original meaning was "constant" or "often". By the time of Middle Chinese, the pronunciation had shifted to Dzyang.[5]

List of persons with the surname[edit]

張 and 张
  • John Chiang, a Taiwanese politician formerly surnamed "Chang".
Fiction Characters

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "公安部统计:'王'成中国第一大姓 有9288万人 [Public Security Bureau Statistics: 'Wang' Found China's #1 'Big Family', Includes 92.88m People]." 24 Apr 2007. Accessed 27 Mar 2012.(Chinese)
  2. ^ Op. cit. 中华百家姓-千字文-国学经典-文化经典. "中国台湾姓氏排行 [Taiwan (China) Surname Ranking]". 8 Jun 2010. Accessed 1 Apr 2012. (Chinese)
  3. ^ US Census Bureau. Op. cit. Public Broadcasting Service. "How Popular Is Your Last Name?" Accessed 6 Apr 2012.
  4. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Genealogy Data: Frequently Occurring Surnames from Census 2000". 27 Sept 2011. Accessed 29 Mar 2012.
  5. ^ Baxter, Wm. H. & Sagart, Laurent. Baxter–Sagart Old Chinese Reconstruction PDF (1.93 MB), p. 33. 2011. Accessed 11 October 2011.