Change of Habit
|Change of Habit|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||William A. Graham|
|Produced by||Joe Connelly|
|Editing by||Douglas Stewart|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Running time||93 minutes|
Change of Habit is a 1969 American musical drama film directed by William A. Graham and starring Elvis Presley and Mary Tyler Moore. Written by James Lee, S.S. Schweitzer, and Eric Bercovici, based on a story by John Joseph and Richard Morris, the film is about three Catholic nuns, preparing for their final vows, who are sent to a rough inner city neighborhood dressed as lay missionaries to work at a clinic run by a young doctor. Their lives become complicated by the realities they face in the inner city, and by the doctor who falls in love with one of the nuns.
The film was produced by Joe Connelly for NBC Productions and distributed by Universal Pictures. Filmed on location in the Los Angeles area and at the Universal Studios during March and April of 1969, Change of Habit was released in the United States on November 10, 1969, which was the same day that the television series Sesame Street premiered on NET. It spent four weeks on the Variety Box Office Survey, peaking at #17. It appears to have been originally conceived as a made-for-television film but was released theatrically instead.
Change of Habit was Presley's 31st and final film acting role; his remaining film appearances were in concert documentaries. The film was Moore's fourth and final film under her brief Universal Pictures contract; she would not appear in another theatrical movie until Ordinary People in 1980. Moore and Edward Asner, who also appears in the film, would go on to star in The Mary Tyler Moore Show, one of the most popular television shows in the 1970s.
The film is supposedly set in a Puerto Rican neighborhood of New York City's Washington Street, a real street located on lower Manhattan Island; however, the film was shot in the City of Los Angeles and the Universal Studio backlot. The locales are cleverly dressed to evoke New York City (without ever mentioning it by name), right down to the 1960s-era General Motors transit buses and NYPD-like squad cars. The film's fictional Fiesta of San Juan de Cheguez (an ersatz saint who was said to have driven the snakes out of Puerto Rico) held August 3 calls to mind Little Italy's Festival of San Gennaro (a real Italian saint) held in September.
Elvis stars as a professional man for the first time in his career. Dr. Carpenter heads a ghetto clinic in a major metropolis. He is surprised to be offered assistance by three women. Unknown to him, the three are nuns in street clothing who want to aid the community but are afraid the local residents might be reluctant to seek help if their true identities were known. The nuns are also facing opposition from the ungodly priest from the local parish.
Carpenter falls in love with Sister Michelle Gallagher, played by wholesome Mary Tyler Moore, but Sister Michelle's true vocation remains unknown to Dr. Carpenter. She also has feelings for the doctor but is reluctant to leave the order. The film concludes with Sister Michelle and Sister Irene entering a church where Dr. Carpenter is singing to pray for guidance to make her choice.
- Elvis Presley as Dr. John Carpenter
- Mary Tyler Moore as Sister Michelle
- Barbara McNair as Sister Irene
- Jane Elliot as Sister Barbara
- Edward Asner as Lt. Moretti
- Leora Dana as Mother Joseph
- Regis Toomey as Father Gibbons
- Darlene Love as Backup Singer (uncredited)
- Fanita James as Backup Singer (uncredited)
- Jean King as Backup Singer (uncredited)
- A Martinez as Second Teen (uncredited)
- Robert Emhardt as The Banker
- Doro Merande as Rose
- Richard Carlson as Bishop Finley
By 1969, Presley's future in Hollywood was under threat. Although still financially successful, mainly due to the "make 'em quick, make 'em cheap" attitude of Presley's manager Colonel Tom Parker, Presley's films had been making less profit in recent years. When Parker had struggled to find any studio willing to pay Presley's usual $1 million fee, he struck a deal with NBC to produce one feature film, and a TV Special entitled 'Elvis'. NBC would pay Presley $1.25 million for both features, and Parker was happy in the knowledge that he was still able to earn $1 million for his client.
The film Change of Habit had been announced in 1967, with Mary Tyler Moore signing up in October 1968. It was considered a Moore vehicle until January 1969 when Presley signed on to take the lead role.
The film was shot in the Los Angeles area and at the Universal Studios during March and April 1969. It was released nationwide in the United States on November 10, 1969 and spent four weeks on the Variety Box Office Survey, peaking at #17.
Mary Tyler Moore and Edward Asner would soon become co-stars of her self-named The Mary Tyler Moore Show, one of television's enduring hits from 1970-77. In Change of Habit, however, they shared no scenes.
When Presley entered Decca Universal Studio on March 5, 1969, for two days to record his final dramatic motion picture soundtrack, what would come to be known as the comeback television special had already been broadcast, its attendant album had been his first top ten LP in four years, and he had just finished the sessions at American Sound Studio yielding From Elvis in Memphis and the top ten singles "In the Ghetto" and "Suspicious Minds" that would cement his resurgence as a force in American popular music. He had a month-long engagement at the International Hotel in Paradise, Nevada lined up in August, his first live performances in eight years, and clearly now had turned his career around.
A song recorded at American, "Rubberneckin'", would be used in the film and subsequently issued as the b-side of RCA single 47-9768 "Don't Cry Daddy" in conjunction with the movie premiere. Four songs would be recorded at the soundtrack sessions, of which "Let's Be Friends" would not be used in the film. The four songs would be released commercially on budget albums, "Let's Be Friends," the title track "Change of Habit," and "Have A Happy" on Let's Be Friends the following year, with "Let Us Pray" issued on the 1971 album You'll Never Walk Alone.
Some reference sources erroneously list an outtake from the earlier Presley film, Charro!, "Let's Forget About the Stars" (a song also released on the Let's Be Friends album), as being a song recorded for Change of Habit.
Film music track listing
- Down at the End of Lonely Street: The Life and Death of Elvis Presley. Arrow. 1998. p. 328.
- Guralnick/Jorgensen (1999). Elvis Day by Day. Ballantine Books. p. 237. ISBN 978-0-345-42089-3.
- Worth, Fred. Elvis: His Life from A To Z. pp. 303–304.
- Adam Victor. The Elvis Encyclopedia. Overlook, 2008.
- Jorgensen, Ernst. Elvis Presley A Life in Music: The Complete Recording Sessions. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1998; pp. 263-265.
- Jorgensen, op. cit., pp. 154, 282.
- Jorgensen, op. cit., pp. 265, 271.
- Jorgensen, op. cit., p. 279.
- Roy Carr and Mick Farren, Elvis: The Illustrated Record. New York: Harmony Books, 1982; p. 133.
- Change of Habit at the Internet Movie Database
- Change of Habit at the TCM Movie Database
- Change of Habit at AllMovie
- Change of Habit at DVD Verdict