|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2012)|
Abbreviation(s): Changhua (彰化)
|Largest city||Changhua City|
|Boroughs||1 cities, 25 (7 urban, 18 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Cho Po-yuan|
|• Total||1,074.396 km2 (414.827 sq mi)|
|Area rank||15 of 22|
|Population (October 2008)|
|• Rank||6 of 22|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|Bird||Grey-faced buzzard (Butastur indicus)|
|Tree||Peepul (Ficus religiosa)|
Changhua County (Chinese: 彰化縣; pinyin: Zhānghuà Xiàn) is the smallest county on Taiwan Island by size, and the fourth smallest in the country. With a total population of 1.3 million, Changhua County is ranked the second-largest county by population after Taoyuan.
There are prehistoric burial sites in Changhua that date back 5000 years. The number of burials tally to 32.
The original name of Changhua was "half line", colloquially so-named by Taiwanese aboriginals. The current name Changhua is the Mandarin transliteration. Changhua was previously inhabited by the Babuza people (mostly assimilated by the Chinese today). When Qing soldiers invaded Changhua in 1644, Chunghua was one of their bases of operation. At the time, Changhua was administered as the "Tian-Hsin County" of the Qing Dynasty.
During the Japanese Colonial Period, Taiwan was subdivided into Taipei, Taiwan, and Tainan. Changhua was ruled under the Taiwan subdivision. After an administrative division replanning, Changhua and Taichung City together were combined and became Taichū Prefecture. By 1930, the population in Changhua already exceeded one million.
Changhua county is located on the west coast of Taiwan, bordering the Taichung metropolitan area on the north, so Changhua and Taichung are often referred to as the Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area. Changhua County is bordered by Yunlin County to the south by means of the natural boundary, the Zhuoshui River.
The County's total area is 1074 square kilometers, being Taiwan's smallest county. It owns a 60km coastline. The landscape of Changhua can be roughly divided into two parts, one being the western flat land, and the other being the Changhua flat land. This two combines together measures up to 88% of Changhua county's total area. The highest elevation in Changhua is "Hen Shan" (443m).
There are 8 stations in Changhua county of the Taiwan Railway Administration, with the largest being Changhua Station located in Changhua City. The rest are: Huatan Station, Dacun Station, Yuanlin Station, Yongjing Station, Shetou Station, Tianzhong Station and Ershui Station.
Taiwan High Speed Rail currently does not have a station in Changhua county, but a station is planned for 2015.
Changhua County is divided into 1 city, 7 urban townships and 18 rural townships. Changhua County has the highest number of urban townships of all the counties in Taiwan. It also has the second highest number of rural townships after Pingtung County.
- Changhua City (彰化市 Zhānghuà Shì)
- Beidou Township (北斗鎮 Běidǒu Zhèn)
- Erlin Township (二林鎮 Èrlín Zhèn)
- Hemei Township (和美鎮 Héměi Zhèn)
- Lukang Township (鹿港鎮 Lùgǎng Zhèn)
- Tianzhong Township (田中鎮 Tiánzhōng Zhèn)
- Xihu Township (溪湖鎮 Xīhú Zhèn)
- Yuanlin Township (員林鎮 Yuánlín Zhèn)
- Dacheng Township (大城鄉)
- Dacun Township (大村鄉)
- Ershui Township (二水鄉)
- Fenyuan Township (芬園鄉)
- Fangyuan Township (芳苑鄉)
- Fuxing Township (福興鄉)
- Huatan Township (花壇鄉)
- Pitou Township (埤頭鄉)
- Puxin Township (埔心鄉)
- Puyan Township (埔鹽鄉)
- Shengang Township (伸港鄉)
- Shetou Township (社頭鄉)
- Tianwei Township (田尾鄉)
- Xianxi Township (線西鄉)
- Xiushui Township (秀水鄉)
- Xizhou Township (溪州鄉)
- Yongjing Township (永靖鄉)
- Zhutang Township (竹塘鄉)
- National Highway 1 (Taiwan) and National Highway 3 (Taiwan) both go through Changhua County.
- Taiwan Railway Administration has 8 stations situated throughout Changhua County.
- Taiwan High Speed Rail Changhua Station is under construction and will open in June 2015.
- National Changhua University of Education
- Dayeh University
- MingDao University
- ChienKuo Technology University
- ChungChon Institute of Technology
Changhua was one of the cultural centers of Taiwan, with a lot of ancient monuments and structures left from the Qing Dynasty when Taiwan was still under Japanese occupation, including the Confucian Temple, Tian Ho Gung, built in in Lukang in 1647. There are currently 6 National Certified Historical Monuments, 42 County Certified Historical Monuments, 67 Historical Infrastructures, and 1 Cultural Center in Changhua County.
Lukang in particular is one of the historic towns located in Changhua County, with a lot of structures built during the Qing Dynasty.
- Nagano Prefecture, Japan] (2008)
|The Food of Lukang||The cuisine of Lukang includes seafood like sturgeon, eel, oyster, bivalves, river shrimp, and Chinese oysters, and desserts like birds-eye cake, lard cake, ox-tongue cakes, shortcake, peanut candy, Chinese bread, and so on. One local store, Yu-chen Chai, has been in operation since the Qing Dynasty - over one hundred years.||Lukang, Changhua|
quote from Tourism Bureau, MOTC, R.O.C., edited to be in correct English.
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