Top:View of Wu River from National Highwat 74, between Changsha and Wuri, 2nd left:Changhua County Hall, 2nd right:Baguashan Great Buddha in Changhua City, 3rd left:Lukang Tinhau Temple, 3rd right:View of inside in roof at Longshan Temple, Lukang, Bottom left:View of entrance in Baguashan Buddha Park, Bottom right:Koo's House in Lukang Folk Museum
|Country||Republic of China|
|Largest city||Changhua City|
|Boroughs||1 cities, 25 (7 urban, 18 rural) townships|
|• County Magistrate||Wei Ming-ku (DPP)|
|• Total||1,074.396 km2 (414.827 sq mi)|
|Area rank||15 of 22|
|Population (January 2014)|
|• Rank||6 of 22|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC+8)|
|Bird||Grey-faced buzzard (Butastur indicus)|
|Tree||Peepul (Ficus religiosa)|
Changhua County (Chinese: 彰化縣; pinyin: Zhānghuà Xiàn) is the smallest county on Taiwan Island by size, and the fourth smallest in the country. With a total population of 1.3 million, Changhua County is ranked the largest county by population.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Administration
- 4 Culture
- 5 Education
- 6 Energy
- 7 Tourism
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Sister cities
- 10 Relative location
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
There are prehistoric burial sites in Changhua that date back 5000 years. The number of burials tally to 32. The original name of Changhua was "half line", colloquially so-named by Taiwanese aboriginals. The current name Changhua is the Mandarin transliteration. Changhua was previously inhabited by the Babuza people (mostly assimilated by the Chinese today).
The Qing Dynasty took control over Taiwan in 1683. In 1684, Taiwanfu was established as the Qing Dynasty political administration of Taiwan. It consisted of three counties, which are Taiwan, Fengshan and Zhuluo Counties. Changhua came under the jurisdiction of Zhuluo County. The Changhua area however was spread over three counties. In 1723, an inspector official in Taiwan requested to the Qing Emperor to designate Changhua to another county magistrate and legal warden since the northern part of Zhuluo County included the Chinese people and other races. As a result, Changhua County was established. Changhua County Hall was built in the mid of the district and is regarded as the beginning of the Changhua County establishment.
Empire of Japan
During the Japanese rule, Taiwan was subdivided into Taipei, Taiwan, and Tainan. Changhua was ruled under the Taiwan subdivision. After an administrative division replanning, Changhua County, Nantou County and Taichung City together were combined and became Taichū Prefecture. By 1930, the population in Changhua already exceeded one million.
Republic of China
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China 25 December 1945, the area of the current Changhua County was established under the jurisdiction of Taichung County. On 16 August 1950 after its separation from Taichung County, Changhua County was established with Changhua City as its county seat on 1 December 1951.
Changhua county is located on the west coast of Taiwan, bordering Taichung City on the north separated by Dadu River, so Changhua and Taichung are often referred to as the Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area. Changhua County is bordered by Yunlin County to the south by means of the natural boundary, the Zhuoshui River. To the west, Changhua faces the Taiwan Strait.
The County's total area is 1,074 km2, being Taiwan's smallest county. It owns a 60 km of coastline. The landscape of Changhua can be roughly divided into two parts, one being the western flat land, and the other being the Changhua flat land. This two combines together measures up to 88% of Changhua county's total area. The highest elevation in Changhua is "Hen Shan" (443m).
Changhua County is divided into 1 city, 7 urban townships and 18 rural townships. Changhua City is the seat of the county which houses the Changhua County Government and Changhua County Council. Changhua County has the highest number of urban townships of all the counties in Taiwan. It also has the second highest number of rural townships after Pingtung County. The current Magistrate of Changhua County is Wei Ming-ku of the Democratic Progressive Party.
- Changhua City (彰化市 Zhānghuà Shì)
- Beidou Township (北斗鎮 Běidǒu Zhèn)
- Erlin Township (二林鎮 Èrlín Zhèn)
- Hemei Township (和美鎮 Héměi Zhèn)
- Lukang Township (鹿港鎮 Lùgǎng Zhèn)
- Tianzhong Township (田中鎮 Tiánzhōng Zhèn)
- Xihu Township (溪湖鎮 Xīhú Zhèn)
- Yuanlin Township (員林鎮 Yuánlín Zhèn)
- Dacheng Township (大城鄉)
- Dacun Township (大村鄉)
- Ershui Township (二水鄉)
- Fenyuan Township (芬園鄉)
- Fangyuan Township (芳苑鄉)
- Fuxing Township (福興鄉)
- Huatan Township (花壇鄉)
- Pitou Township (埤頭鄉)
- Puxin Township (埔心鄉)
- Puyan Township (埔鹽鄉)
- Shengang Township (伸港鄉)
- Shetou Township (社頭鄉)
- Tianwei Township (田尾鄉)
- Xianxi Township (線西鄉)
- Xiushui Township (秀水鄉)
- Xizhou Township (溪州鄉)
- Yongjing Township (永靖鄉)
- Zhutang Township (竹塘鄉)
Changhua County in films
- National Changhua University of Education
- Dayeh University
- MingDao University
- Chienkuo Technology University
- Chung Chou University of Science and Technology
Changhua County is home to Taiwan's two gas-fired power plants, which are the Hsingyuan Power Plant with a capacity of 490 MW and Hsingneng Power Plant with a capacity of 490 MW as well. Both power plants are located in Lukang Township.
Changhua was one of the cultural centers of Taiwan, with a lot of ancient monuments and structures left from the Qing Dynasty, including the Confucian Temple, Tian Ho Gung, built in Lukang in 1647. There are currently 6 National Certified Historical Monuments, 42 County Certified Historical Monuments, 67 Historical Infrastructures, and 1 Cultural Center in Changhua County.
Temples in Changhua County are Confucian Temple of Changhua.
Nature tourism in the county are Changhua Fitzroy Gardens.
There are 8 stations in Changhua County of the Taiwan Railway Administration, with the largest being Changhua Station located in Changhua City. The rest are: Huatan Station, Dacun Station, Yuanlin Station, Yongjing Station, Shetou Station, Tianzhong Station and Ershui Station.
Taiwan High Speed Rail currently does not have a station in Changhua County, but a station is planned for 2015.
National Highway 1 and National Highway 3 both pass through Changhua County. In addition, there are plenty of provincial highways as well. The Xiluo Bridge, with a span over 1,900 meters and opened in 1953, links Changhua County with neighboring Yunlin County.
|Taiwan Strait (South China Sea)||Nantou County|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Changhua County.|