Changhua County

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Changhua County
彰化縣
County
Top:View of Wu River from National Highwat 74, between Changsha and Wuri, 2nd left:Changhua County Hall, 2nd right:Baguashan Great Buddha in Changhua City, 3rd left:Lukang Tinhau Temple, 3rd right:View of inside in roof at Longshan Temple, Lukang, Bottom left:View of entrance in Baguashan Buddha Park, Bottom right:Koo's House in Lukang Folk Museum
Top:View of Wu River from National Highwat 74, between Changsha and Wuri, 2nd left:Changhua County Hall, 2nd right:Baguashan Great Buddha in Changhua City, 3rd left:Lukang Tinhau Temple, 3rd right:View of inside in roof at Longshan Temple, Lukang, Bottom left:View of entrance in Baguashan Buddha Park, Bottom right:Koo's House in Lukang Folk Museum
Flag of Changhua County
Flag
Coat of arms of Changhua County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Changhua County.svg
Coordinates: 23°56′N 120°32′E / 23.933°N 120.533°E / 23.933; 120.533Coordinates: 23°56′N 120°32′E / 23.933°N 120.533°E / 23.933; 120.533
Country  Republic of China
Province Taiwan Province
Region Western Taiwan
Seat Changhua City
Largest city Changhua City
Boroughs 1 cities, 25 (7 urban, 18 rural) townships
Government
 • County Magistrate Cho Po-yuan
Area
 • Total 1,074.396 km2 (414.827 sq mi)
Area rank 15 of 22
Population (January 2014)
 • Total 1,295,658
 • Rank 6 of 22
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zone CST (UTC+8)
Website www.chcg.gov.tw
Symbols
Bird Grey-faced buzzard (Butastur indicus)
Flower Chrysanthemum
Tree Peepul (Ficus religiosa)
Changhua County
Traditional Chinese 彰化縣
Simplified Chinese 彰化县

Changhua County (Chinese: 彰化縣; pinyin: Zhānghuà Xiàn) is the smallest county on Taiwan Island by size, and the fourth smallest in the country. With a total population of 1.3 million, Changhua County is ranked the second-largest county by population after Taoyuan.

History[edit]

There are prehistoric burial sites in Changhua that date back 5000 years. The number of burials tally to 32. The original name of Changhua was "half line", colloquially so-named by Taiwanese aboriginals. The current name Changhua is the Mandarin transliteration. Changhua was previously inhabited by the Babuza people (mostly assimilated by the Chinese today).

Qing Dynasty[edit]

When Qing soldiers invaded Changhua in 1644, Changhua was one of their bases of operation. At the time, Changhua was administered as the "Tian-Hsin County" of the Qing Dynasty.

Empire of Japan[edit]

During the Japanese rule, Taiwan was subdivided into Taipei, Taiwan, and Tainan. Changhua was ruled under the Taiwan subdivision. After an administrative division replanning, Changhua County, Nantou County and Taichung City together were combined and became Taichū Prefecture. By 1930, the population in Changhua already exceeded one million.

Republic of China[edit]

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in 1945, Changhua County was established in 1950.

Geography[edit]

Changhua county is located on the west coast of Taiwan, bordering the Taichung metropolitan area on the north, so Changhua and Taichung are often referred to as the Taichung–Changhua metropolitan area. Changhua County is bordered by Yunlin County to the south by means of the natural boundary, the Zhuoshui River.

The County's total area is 1074 square kilometers, being Taiwan's smallest county. It owns a 60km coastline. The landscape of Changhua can be roughly divided into two parts, one being the western flat land, and the other being the Changhua flat land. This two combines together measures up to 88% of Changhua county's total area. The highest elevation in Changhua is "Hen Shan" (443m).

Transportation[edit]

There are 8 stations in Changhua county of the Taiwan Railway Administration, with the largest being Changhua Station located in Changhua City. The rest are: Huatan Station, Dacun Station, Yuanlin Station, Yongjing Station, Shetou Station, Tianzhong Station and Ershui Station.

Taiwan High Speed Rail currently does not have a station in Changhua county, but a station is planned for 2015.

National Highway 1 and National Highway 3 both pass through Changhua County. In addition, there are plenty of provincial highways as well.

Administration[edit]

Changhua City, the capital of Changhua County

Changhua County is divided into 1 city, 7 urban townships and 18 rural townships. Changhua City is the seat of the county which houses the Changhua County Government and Changhua County Council. Changhua County has the highest number of urban townships of all the counties in Taiwan. It also has the second highest number of rural townships after Pingtung County.

City[edit]

  1. Changhua City (彰化市 Zhānghuà Shì)

Townships[edit]

Urban townships[edit]

  1. Beidou Township (北斗鎮 Běidǒu Zhèn)
  2. Erlin Township (二林鎮 Èrlín Zhèn)
  3. Hemei Township (和美鎮 Héměi Zhèn)
  4. Lukang Township (鹿港鎮 Lùgǎng Zhèn)
  5. Tianzhong Township (田中鎮 Tiánzhōng Zhèn)
  6. Xihu Township (溪湖鎮 Xīhú Zhèn)
  7. Yuanlin Township (員林鎮 Yuánlín Zhèn)

Rural townships[edit]

  1. Dacheng Township (大城鄉)
  2. Dacun Township (大村鄉)
  3. Ershui Township (二水鄉)
  4. Fenyuan Township (芬園鄉)
  5. Fangyuan Township (芳苑鄉)
  6. Fuxing Township (福興鄉)
  7. Huatan Township (花壇鄉)
  8. Pitou Township (埤頭鄉)
  9. Puxin Township (埔心鄉)
  10. Puyan Township (埔鹽鄉)
  11. Shengang Township (伸港鄉)
  12. Shetou Township (社頭鄉)
  13. Tianwei Township (田尾鄉)
  14. Xianxi Township (線西鄉)
  15. Xiushui Township (秀水鄉)
  16. Xizhou Township (溪州鄉)
  17. Yongjing Township (永靖鄉)
  18. Zhutang Township (竹塘鄉)

Transportation[edit]

Education[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Changhua was one of the cultural centers of Taiwan, with a lot of ancient monuments and structures left from the Qing Dynasty, including the Confucian Temple, Tian Ho Gung, built in Lukang in 1647. There are currently 6 National Certified Historical Monuments, 42 County Certified Historical Monuments, 67 Historical Infrastructures, and 1 Cultural Center in Changhua County.

Sister cities[edit]

Nightmarket[edit]

Name Feature Location
The Food of Lukang The cuisine of Lukang includes seafood like sturgeon, eel, oyster, bivalves, river shrimp, and Chinese oysters, and desserts like birds-eye cake, lard cake, ox-tongue cakes, shortcake, peanut candy, Chinese bread, and so on. One local store, Yu-chen Chai, has been in operation since the Qing Dynasty - over one hundred years. Lukang, Changhua

quote from Tourism Bureau, MOTC, R.O.C., edited to be in correct English.

Relative location[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]