The Yangtze River (Changjiang) Scholar award (Chinese: 长江学者奖励计划; pinyin: chángjiāng xuézhě jiānglì jìhuà) is the highest award issued to an individual in higher education by the Ministry of Education (中华人民共和国教育部) of the People's Republic of China. The initial funding for this program was provided by the Li Ka Shing Foundation (李嘉诚基金会), with the goal of helping Chinese university research attain the highest levels internationally. The program began in August of 1998. The award goes to China’s top scholars, who receive the title of Yangtze River (Changjiang) Chaired Professor at their university and are provided with financial resources sufficient to enhance the research profile and international visibility of that university. A few renowned international recipients are chosen each year. These international recipients typically receive a visiting appointment at a major university in China, along with the title of Changjiang Chaired Professor, and are additionally charged enhancing international exchange with that university.
The number of Changjiang Scholars in a university's faculty is one of the indicators used in the Netbig (网大教育) Chinese university ranking system.