Changsha Huanghua International Airport
|Changsha Huanghua International Airport
Chángshā Huánghuā Guójì Jīchǎng
|IATA: CSX – ICAO: ZGHA|
|Operator||Hunan Airport Management Group Co., Ltd.|
|Location||Huanghua, Changsha County, Hunan|
|Focus city for||China Southern Airlines|
|Elevation AMSL||217 ft / 66 m|
|Changsha Huanghua International Airport|
Changsha Huanghua International Airport (IATA: CSX, ICAO: ZGHA) is the airport serving Changsha, Hunan province, People's Republic of China, as well as nearby cities such as Zhuzhou and Xiangtan. Located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from downtown Changsha in the town of Huanghua in Changsha County, the airport has two terminal buildings and is currently among the busiest airports in China. The airport is managed by the Hunan Airport Authority, a publicly owned corporation managing all five airports in Hunan Province. Changsha Datuopu Airport/AFB (IATA:
HHA, ICAO: ZGCS) (also called Changsha City) is the second airport serving Changsha and mainly used for military purpose.
- 1 Terminals
- 2 History
- 3 Short-Term Expansion (2020)
- 4 Long-Term Expansion (2030)
- 5 Airlines and destinations
- 6 Statistics
- 7 Ground transportation
- 8 Gallery
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Terminal 1 has three concourses. Concourse T1-A covers an area of 34,000 square meters, Concourse T1-B 13,200 square meters and Concourse T1-C 6,100 square meters. The proposed capacity was 6.5 million passengers annually. Terminal 1 was closed and underwent renovations after the new Terminal 2 became fully operational in July 2011. Terminal 1 is expected to re-open in the next year for the increasing passengers. Parking areas P5 and P6 are outside the terminal.
The inaugural of Terminal 2 was on July 19, 2011. With 212,000 square meters of space, the new terminal is the 5th largest airport terminal in mainland China (after Beijing-Capital, Shanghai-Pudong, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen). The 39.9m high main building of Terminal 2, being 672m in length and 168m indepth, is the largest single steel-truss structure in Hunan. The new terminal has 22 bridge gates, to which the longest walk distance of passengers is within 300m. With this new facility, the airport can handle 151 thousand aircraft movements and another 15.6 million passengers every year. The peak hour volume of passengers is 3,940.
The Departure Hall has 4 automatic double-glass-door entrances which are directly facing Check-in Area A,B,C&D respectively. Entrances 1-3 are domestic entrances and Entrance 4 is for International, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan Departures, which will be checked in at Area D. Area A is the exclusive check-in Area for China Southern Airlines. Area B&C are domestic check-in areas for other airlines. The terminal has 80 check-in counters and 24 self-checkin machines, 24 security checkpoints and more than 6,390 seats.
The Arrival Hall is equipped with 8 baggage carousels(6 at domestic area and 2 at international area). The indoor parking area P4 which has 693 parking spaces is on floor B2. And there are also another 3 outdoor parking areas, P1,2&3, which offer over 1000 parking spaces.
Construction for the airport started on June 25, 1986, and the first flight departed on August 29, 1989. Changsha Huanghua airport was approved as an international scheduled-flight airport in the 3rd Pan-Asian aviation conference and flights to Bangkok were the first international service.
On October 28, 2000, the 34,000-square-meter Terminal 1-A, which costs 40.4 million CNY, was open. The airport was capable of handling 4.6 million passengers. Afterwards, the construction of Terminal 1-B and Terminal 1-C were finished to ensure growing passengers and cargo.
The airport went through a major expansion in 2008–2011, with lengthening of runway 18/36 from 2600m to 3200m and the addition of Terminal 2 which went into operation in 2011.
Short-Term Expansion (2020)
The airport is currently under a crucial expansion project eastwards, which mainly involves the construction of a new 3800m*60m Code-4F runway. The new runway is parallel with the current 18/36 runway and lies 380m to the east. New taxiways and apron are also being built in the process. The second runway is due for operation in 2016 thus enabling A380 flights. Terminal 1 is also undergoing renovation to allow for the handling of increasing passengers. Meanwhile, The cargo facilities and freighter stands are under expansion.
After the completion of the 2nd runway, Terminal 3 and the east terminal area will be constructed on the east side of it. The airport will be capable of handling 31 million passengers, 320 thousand tons of cargo and 260 thousand aircraft movements annually. The airport becomes a hub in Central China that covers 1,648 hectares of land after this stage.
Long-Term Expansion (2030)
The third parallel runway of 3600m (4E) will be built to the east of Terminal 3&4, and it is 2000 meters away from the second runway. More concourses are to be added to increase the passenger capacity of Terminal 3. And Terminal 4 is to be constructed beside Terminal 3. The east terminal area, in which both Terminals 3&4 lie, is located between the 2nd and 3rd Runways. At the final stage, the fourth parallel runway (3600m) of 4E will be constructed 1035m in the east of the third runway. Two underground tunnels connecting the west area (Terminal 1&2) and the east terminals (Terminal 3&4) are considered.
The long-term expansion will take up another 2,687 hectares. Changsha Huanghua Int'l airport will become a major hub in China which hosts a number of based airlines. The ultimate capacity of the airport will be 71 million passengers, 1.8 million tons of cargo and 550 thousand movements annually.
Airlines and destinations
As for 2013, Changsha Huanghua International Airport was the 12th busiest airport in the People's Republic of China with 16,007,212 passengers. The airport also handled 137,843 tons of cargo and 137,843 aircraft movements.
Driving & Parking
Downtown Changsha is about 20km in the west of Huanghua Int' Airport. There are three main roads connecting Changsha city with the airport.
- Changsha Airport Expressway(S40): the best choice for a fast ride into Central Changsha and the south parts of Changsha. The toll is 10CNY each time.
- Chang-Yong Expressway(S20): the ideal selection for people driving into Xingsha(Changsha County) and the north parts of Changsha. The toll is 10CNY each time.
- East Renmin Avenue: free of charge and ideal for drivers who are not in a hurry. Though not as time saving as expressways, 10 lanes are a guarantee for excellent driving experience.
- Line1: Changsha West Bus Station (Price: 28CNY single)
- Line2: Helong Stadium (Price: 16.5CNY single)
- Line3: South Bus Station via Changsha South Railway Station (Price: 21.5CNY single)
- Line4: Wuyi Avenue Line (Central Changsha, Price: 16.5CNY single)
Airport intercity coaches
Line5: Shaoyang (not operating yet) Line6: Zhuzhou (Lvyuan Hotel, Price: 33CNY single) Line7: Xiangtan (Civil Aviation Ticketing Office, Price: 42CNY single) Line8: Yiyang (East Coach Station, Price: 47CNY single) & Changde(Civil Aviation Hotel, Price: 83CNY single) Line9: Yueyang (Civil Aviation Ticketing Office, Price: 47CNY single) Line10: Pingxiang (Dongfang Hotel, Price: 83CNY single)
No.114: Changsha Railway Station (Price: 2-3CNY single, Operation Hours: every eight minutes at 06h30-18h30, Duration: 65min) Suburban No.4: Xingsha Bus Station (Price: 2CNY single, Operation Hours: every ten minutes at 06h30-20hr in summer and 07hr-19h30 in winnter, Duration: 45min )
Fare: reference meter price to central Changsha
Maglev: The normal-speed maglev connecting Huanghua Int'l Airport and Changsha South Railway Station is under construction and will start services from 2016 on. The Maglev line is 18.5km long and trains will run at a speed of 120kph to finish the journey in just over 10 minutes.  Metro Line 6: planned and expected to start constructions in following years.
- "Changsha-Macau Direct Flight Launched". Hunan Airport Management Group Co., Ltd. 2012-09-12.
- "Direct Route from Changsha to Yangzhou to Open on May 15th". Hunan Airport Management Group Co., Ltd. 2013-05-14.
- "China Southern to Launch Frankfurt Service from late-June 2014". Airline Route. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014.
- "China Southern S14 International Operation Changes as of 05MAR14". Airline Route. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- "Direct Tourist Charter Flight Launched Between Phuket and Changsha". Hunan Airport Management Group Co., Ltd. 2013-01-25.
- "Hainan Airlines Proposes 4 International Routes Launch in S15". Airlineroute.net. April 10, 2015. Retrieved April 10, 2015.
- Changsha to Construct Maglev Train, 2014-01-09
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Changsha Huanghua International Airport.|
- Official Hunan Provincial Airport Authority website
- Airport information for ZGHA at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.