Changting County

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Changting County
长汀县
Tingzhou
County
Location of Changting in Fujian
Location of Changting in Fujian
Coordinates: 25°41′N 116°20′E / 25.683°N 116.333°E / 25.683; 116.333Coordinates: 25°41′N 116°20′E / 25.683°N 116.333°E / 25.683; 116.333
Country People's Republic of China
Province Fujian
Prefecture-level city Longyan
County seat Tingzhou
Area
 • Total 3,099 km2 (1,197 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 2,000,000
 • Density 650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://www.changting.gov.cn/

About this sound Changting  (simplified Chinese: 长汀; traditional Chinese: 長汀; pinyin: Chángtīng; Hakka Chinese: Tshòng-tin), also known as Tingzhou or Tingchow(汀州), is a county in western Fujian province, People's Republic of China. With a population of 480,000 and an area of 3,099 square kilometres (1,197 sq mi), Changting is the fifth largest county in the province [1]. The majority of the population belongs to the Hakka people (客家人) and speaks Hakka (客家话) dialect. The Changting Hakka dialect is mutually unintelligible with the Meixian hakka dialect, which is spoken in Guangdong.

The county seat is the town of Tingzhou.

History[edit]

Confucius Temple, Town of Tingzhou


Changting was originally the name of a prefecture (called Tingzhou in imperial times), established in the second year of the Republic of China - 1913. During the Chinese Civil War, this prefecture was the economic and financial centre of the Chinese Soviet Republic. Tens of thousands of people from Changting joined the Chinese Red Army but not many survived the Long March.

With the founding of the People's Republic of China, the prefecture was redesignated "Longyan" (龙岩地区) and its government was moved down to Xinluo (新罗). Changting has since been the name of a county only, within the municipal region of Longyan.

With the prosperity of road and railway transportation and more and more dams built along the river, Ting River gradually lost its advantage as a vital transportation means. Changting, once an important concentration place for travellers and goods, became isolated by big mountains. Changting lost its place as the center of western Fujian and became one of the poorest counties in Fujian province.

Today, the situation has improved a lot with first railroad in service in 2005 and first highway in service at the end of 2007.

Education[edit]

Changting No.1 Middle School, Town of Tingzhou

Geography[edit]

Changting borders Liancheng County to the east, Wuping and Shanghang counties to the south (all in Longyan municipality), Sanming municipality's Ninghua County to the north, Ganzhou municipality's Ruijin City in Jiangxi province to the west.

Located in the southern end of the Wuyi Mountains (武夷山脉), Changting belongs to subtropical zone. The region enjoys abundant precipitation as the warm maritime air meets the cool air in the mountains, generating a large amount of rainfall.

Administration[edit]

The county executive, legislature and judiciary are in Tingzhou Town, together with the CPC and PSB branches.

Towns (镇, zhen)[edit]

  • Tingzhou (汀州) - the county seat
  • Guanqian (馆前)
  • Hetian (河田)
  • Gucheng (古城)
  • Tongfang (童坊)
  • Xinqiao (新桥)
  • Nanshan (南山)
  • Zhuotian (濯田)
  • Sidu (四都)
  • Datong (大同)
  • Tufang (涂坊)

Township (乡, xiang)[edit]

  • Anjie (庵杰)
  • Cewu (策武)
  • Sanzhou (三洲)
  • Tiechang (铁长)
  • Yanggu (羊牯)
  • Xuancheng (宣成)
  • Hongshan (红山)

Notable natives[edit]

(i.e., of Tingzhou/Changting Prefecture and of PRC's Changting County):

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]