Dwarf snakehead (species)
|After Munro, 1955|
(F. Hamilton, 1822)
The dwarf snakehead, Channa gachua, is a species of snakehead. It is one of the dwarf snakeheads, and has a length of up to 20 cm (8 in). It gave its name to the aquarists' term dwarf snakeheads to denote the smaller Channa species.
It can be found in Asian countries from Pakistan to Indonesia. Modern ichthyology considers this fish to be a species complex, i.e. that it consists of several closely related species. Because of its pretty coloration and small size, it is an attractive fish and is commonly kept in aquaria. It is a mouthbrooder and eats a wide range of foods including insects and small fish, but no animals like frogs. It is a hardy fish that can tolerate large changes in temperature and acidity.
Channa gachua is often confused with C. orientalis, an endemic species from Sri Lanka. In Indian ichthyology, C. gachua is considered to be a junior synonym of C. orientalis, because it was described by Markus Elieser Bloch 20 years before Hamilton described C. gachua. The major morphological difference between the two species is that C. gachua has ventral fins and C. orientalis does not. They also differ in their breeding behaviors, such as the number of offspring.
In Manipur, India it is locally known as Ngamu (Nga mu), it is found throughout canals, rivers and lakes of Manipur.
- Courtenay, Jr., Walter R. and James D. Williams. Chiana Gachua USGS Circular 1251: Snakeheads (Pisces, Chinnidae) - A Biological Synopsis and Risk Assessment. U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. 2004-04-01. Retrieved 2007-07-15.
- "Channa gachua". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 April 2006.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2005). "Channa gachua" in FishBase. November 2005 version.
|Wikispecies has information related to: Dwarf snakehead (species)|
- Ng, H.H.; Ng, Peter K.L.; Britz, Ralf 1999: Channa harcourtbutleri (Annandale, 1918): a valid species of snakehead (Perciformes: Channidae) from Myanmar. Journal of South Asian Natural History. Vol.4: 57-63.