Chantal Biya (born 1951 as Chantal Pulchérie Vigouroux) is the First Lady of Cameroon. She was born in Dimako, East Province, to French expatriate Georges Vigouroux and Miss Doumé pageant winner Rosette Ndongo Mengolo. Chantal Biya spent her adolescence in Yaoundé.
She married President Paul Biya on 23 April 1994, after his first wife, Jeanne-Irène Biya, died in 1992. Chantal Biya has established several charitable organisations. Among them are African Synergy, which pursues various HIV/AIDS initiatives, and the Chantal Biya Foundation (French Fondation Chantal Biya). She hosted the original First Ladies Summit in Yaoundé during the 1996 Organisation of African Unity summit. Her Jeunesse Active pour Chantal Biya is an organ of her husband's Cameroon People's Democratic Movement.
Among Cameroonian women, Biya is famous for her hairstyles. Her signature style is called the banane, and is used for formal occasions. Biya has popularised other styles; collectively, they are known as the Chantal Biya. She is also known because of her exotic wardrobe. Some of her favourite designers include high-end Western labels such as Chanel or Dior.
Bertrand Teyou incident
In November 2010, Bertrand Teyou published a book titled La belle de la république bananière: Chantal Biya, de la rue au palais (English: "The belle of the banana republic: Chantal Biya, from the streets to the palace"), tracing Biya's rise from humble origins to become First Lady. He was subsequently given a two year prison term on charges of "insult to character" and organizing an "illegal demonstration" for attempting to hold a public reading. Amnesty International and International PEN's Writers in Prison Committee both protested his arrest and issued appeals on his behalf; Amnesty International also named him a prisoner of conscience. He was freed on 2 May 2011 when a well-wisher agreed to pay his fine in order that he might seek treatment for his worsening health condition.
- Ibrahim 17.
- Ngwane 17.
- Nyamnjoh et al. 113.
- Nyamnjoh et al. 117.
- M. F.
- "Cameroon: Author jailed for insulting President's wife". International PEN. 25 March 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- "Urgent Action: Cameroonian writer held in harsh conditions". Amnesty International. 12 April 2011. Retrieved 21 April 2011.
- "Cameroon: Author Jailed for Insult Released". Writers in Prison Committee, International PEN. 9 May 2011. Retrieved 10 May 2011.
- Dorall, Charyl, ed. (2004). Commonwealth Ministers Reference Book 2003. Commonwealth Secretariat.
- F., M. (2 August 2007). "Bangou - La mère de Chantal Biya élue maire". Le Quotidien Mutations. Accessed 7 May 2008.
- Ibrahim, Jibrin (October 2003). "Democratic Transition in Anglophone West Africa". Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa.
- Morikang, Tche Irene (6 May 2008). "Revisiting the Extraordinary Life of Chantal Biya", Cameroon Tribune. Accessed 7 May 2008.
- Ngwane, Mwalimu George (no date). "Cameroon's Democratic Process: Vision 2020". gngwane.com.
- Nyamnjoh, Francis B., Durham, Deborah, and Fokwang, Jude D (December 2002). "The Domestication of Hair and Modernised Consciousness in Cameroon: A Critique in the Context of Globalisation". Identity Culture and Politics, Vol. 3., Number 2, pp. 98–124.
- "Paul Biya's Biography". Republic of Cameroon 2004 Presidential Elections website. Accessed 27 October 2006.
- Synergies Africaines contre le SIDA et les Souffrances
- Chantal Biya: Cameroon First Lady (Photos) Biography, photos and video.