Chaos Crags with Chaos Jumbles below.
|Elevation||8,503 ft (2,592 m)|
|Prominence||~ 580 ft (177 m)|
|Location||Lassen Volcanic National Park, Shasta County, California, U.S.|
|Topo map||USGS Manzanita Lake|
|Age of rock||Holocene|
|Volcanic arc||Cascade Volcanic Arc|
|Last eruption||980 CE ± 300 years|
Chaos Crags is the youngest group of lava domes in Lassen Volcanic National Park, California, having been formed as five dacite domes 1,100-1,000 years ago. The cluster of domes is located north of Lassen Peak.
From the base of the crags and extending toward the northwest corner of the park is Chaos Jumbles, a cold rock avalanche which undermined Chaos Crags' northwest slope 300 years ago. Riding on a cushion of compressed air (see sturzstrom), the rock debris traveled at about 100 miles per hour (160 km/h), flattened the forest before it, and dammed Manzanita Creek, forming Manzanita Lake.
In 1974 the National Park Service took the advice of the USGS and closed the visitor center and accommodations at Manzanita Lake. The USGS stated that these buildings would be in the way of a rockslide from Chaos Crags if an earthquake or volcanic eruption occurred in the area.
- "Lassen Volcanic Center - Synonyms and Subfeatures". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1203-08-%26volpage%3Dsynsub. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- "Lassen Volcanic Center". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1203-08-. Retrieved 2009-01-05.
- Wood, Charles A.; Jűrgen Kienle (1993). Volcanoes of North America. Cambridge University Press. pp. 216–219. ISBN 0-521-43811-X.
- Hill, Richard L. (2004-10-01). Volcanoes of the Cascades: Their Rise and Their Risks. Falcon. pp. 86–87. ISBN 978-0-7627-3072-8.