Chapais, Quebec

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chapais is located in Quebec
Coordinates (145, boulevard Springer[1]): 49°47′N 74°51′W / 49.783°N 74.850°W / 49.783; -74.850Coordinates: 49°47′N 74°51′W / 49.783°N 74.850°W / 49.783; -74.850[2]
Country  Canada
Province  Quebec
Region Nord-du-Québec
RCM None
Settled 1929
Constituted November 16, 1955
Named for Thomas Chapais[2]
 • Mayor Steve Gamache
 • Federal riding Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou
 • Prov. riding Ungava
 • Total 62.40 km2 (24.09 sq mi)
 • Land 63.64 km2 (24.57 sq mi)
  There is an apparent contradiction between two authoritative sources
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 1,610
 • Density 25.3/km2 (66/sq mi)
 • Change (2006–11) Decrease1.2%
 • Dwellings 728
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code(s) G0W 1H0
Area code(s) 418 and 581

Chapais is a community in the Canadian province of Quebec, located on Route 113 near Chibougamau in the Jamésie region. It is surrounded by, but not a part of, the municipality of Baie-James. The community was first settled in 1929, when prospector Léo Springer discovered deposits of copper, silver and gold in the area, and was incorporated as a city in 1955. It was named for Thomas Chapais.[2]

Opémisca Copper Mines operated the community's mine until 1991. More recently, with the closure of the mines the community's primary industry has been forestry, and the community opened the first cogeneration plant in Quebec to produce electricity from the sawmill's waste matter.

In the night of January 1, 1980, at 1:30 a.m., 48 people lost their lives when a fire destroyed the Opémiska Community Hall. Fifty others were injured and rushed to Chibougamau hospital. This fire was the worst to occur in Quebec for more than 40 years. The fire, which may have been triggered in wreaths of dried flowers and Christmas decorations, and the ensuing chaos that followed quickly blocked access to the main entrance. Several people managed to escape in time, but the tragedy left deep scars in the community. Several dignitaries, including Premier René Lévesque, offered their sympathies to the victims' families.[4]

Chapais had a population of 1,610 in the Canada 2011 Census.

A crater on Mars is named after this community.



  • Population in 2006: 1610
    • 2006 to 2011 population change: -1.2 %
  • Population in 2006: 1630
  • Population in 2001: 1795
  • Population in 1996: 2030
  • Population in 1991: 2391

Private dwellings occupied by usual residents: 674 (total dwellings: 728)

Mother tongue:

  • English as first language: 0.6%
  • French as first language: 94%
  • English and French as first language: 0%
  • Other as first language: 5.4%


External links[edit]