Chapatsu (茶髪/ちゃぱつ), literally "brown hair" in the Japanese language, is the once-rebellious, once-trendy style of bleaching (and occasionally dyeing) hair, found among Japanese teens. The style was once banned at Japanese schools and became a widespread topic of the civic right to self-expression, but discussion of the topic died down due to the ubiquity of the style.
The word Chapatsu is formed from two kanji: 茶, meaning "tea" and 髪, meaning "hair". Chapatsu originally referred to a variety of colors of hair dye, including blonde, red, orange, and blue, it now refers to a brown-tea hue. In Japanese the word is also frequently written in hiragana syllabary.
While the style itself began to show up in Tokyo streets during the early to mid-1990s, chapatsu was first described in Imidas, an annual publication of new words and concepts in the Japanese language, in 1997. Chapatsu did not appear in Kōjien, an authoritative dictionary of the Japanese language, until 1998. The style first gained popularity among adolescent girls, seeking to accentuate their tanned skin (rebelling against more traditional definitions of beauty), but quickly grew into the mainstream.
The latest trends seem to indicate that the "chapatsu" style is on its way out.
Chapatsu came to be allowed as not only young people but also members of society according to the type of business, and it was established before long as one of the Japanese fashions.
- "茶髪" [Chapatsu]. Nihon Kokugo Daijiten (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
- "茶髪" [Chapatsu]. Imidas (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shueisha. 2012. OCLC 506996961. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
- "Brown But Not Brazen". Trends in Japan. 3 February 1999. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- "茶髪" [Chapatsu]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC 56431036. Retrieved 2012-07-26.
- Dyejobs make for the nearest stylist as hair experts proclaim black is back[dead link]
- Transcript of Speech by Nomura Masaichi of the National Museum of Ethnology on Chapatsu and Ganguro fashions
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