San Lorenzo Ruiz Chapel (New York City)
|San Lorenzo Ruiz Chapel (New York City)|
Interior, photographed in 2008
|Town or city||378 Broome St, Manhattan New York, New York|
|Country||United States of America|
|Client||Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York|
|Design and construction|
|Architect||Robert J. Reiley|
The Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz is a Roman Catholic parish church in the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New York, located at 378 Broome Street, Manhattan, New York City. The chapel was established in 2005. The address was the site of the Church of the Most Holy Crucifix (New York City), a church with a three-storey rectory, built in 1925 for what was then an Italian congregation by Archbishop Patrick Joseph Hayes to designs by architect Robert J. Reiley.
It is designated for the Filipino Apostolate of the Archdiocese. It was named as the official "Church of Filipinos" by Cardinal Archbishop Edward Egan of the Archdiocese of New York on June 15, 2005.
The Filipino Apostolate
The Filipino Apostolate was established by the late Cardinal John O'Connor on April 11, 1995 to address the pastoral needs of Filipino Catholics in New York. The Filipino Apostolate is in charge of the Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz and the Philippine Pastoral Center. Father Erno Diaz was appointed as the first archdiocesan coordinator and director of the Filipino Apostolate. Rev. Dr. Jose Marabe JCD is the present Director of San Lorenzo Ruiz Chapel.
In 1998, a building was leased to the Filipino Apostolate at 248 East, 62nd Street, Manhattan, New York. The building was officially named as the Philippine Pastoral Center and became a venue for priests and cultural groups in New York, giving lectures, celebrating masses and performing cultural and religious activities.
History and significance
The Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz officially opened on September 1, 2005. The opening was followed by an inaugural mass celebrated by Cardinal O'Connor on September 15, 2005. It is the third Catholic church officially dedicated to Filipinos outside the Philippines, the first one - St. Columban Filipino Catholic Church (1944) - is in Historic Filipinotown in Los Angeles, and the second one - The Basilica of Sta. Pudenciana (1991) - is in Via Urbana 160, Rome.
Location and structure
The Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz, formerly known as the Most Holy Crucifix Church (Manhattan), is located at 378 Broome Street (between Mulberry and Mott Streets), New York, within the vicinity of Chinatown and Little Italy in downtown Manhattan. It has a capacity of 250 persons, and is attached to the Philippine Pastoral Center of the Filipino Apostolate.
The site of the chapel is an old 1925 church originally assigned to the Italian and Irish Community in the area. The building has three floors that houses the Cardinal Sin Memorial Hall, offices and living quarters for the archiodese coordinator.
San Lorenzo Ruiz
On September 15, 2005, a bronze statue of the first Filipino saint, San Lorenzo Ruiz, was enshrined and unveiled in the chapel. It was originally donated by Cardinal Sin from the Philippines to the Filipinos in America in 1982, the year when the Filipino Apostolate started a movement to promote the blessed San Lorenzo Ruiz in the United States. The bronze image of the Philippine saint was brought to the United States by Celso Al Carunungan, author of To Die A Thousand Deaths, a book on the life and martyrdom of San Lorenzo Ruiz. Carunungan was accompanied by Father Ramon Salinas who is the national director of the Movement for the Cause of San Lorenzo Ruiz and Companion Martyrs. Both Carunungan and Father Salinas together with Filipino youth leaders Antonio Santiago and Paul John Durano Gorre were delegated by Cardinal Jaime Sin to establish a movement for San Lorenzo Ruiz in the United States. Father Erno Diaz of the Filipino Apostolate is the first director of the movement.
Since 1982, the statue of San Lorenzo Ruiz had been displayed every September at Saint Patrick's Cathedral during the mass for the Filipino saint's feast day. It was originally displayed at the Holy Family Church at the United Nations until it was transferred to the Philippine Pastoral Center in Lower Manhattan in 1998.
Weekly masses and novenas are held in the Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz to honor the first Filipino saint and martyr. The statue is considered miraculous by devotees.
Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was the Filipino Apostolate's guest of honor during the statue's unveiling on September 15, 2005.
“Kahit saan nandoon ang mga Pilipino, ang katapatan sa Diyos ay dala-dala ng Pinoy."
("Wherever the Filipino may go, he carries his faith in God.")
Although not an official parish church, Cardinal Egan has authorized the Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz to offer weekday and weekend masses and all of the Sacraments of the Church, with the exception of the Sacrament of Confirmation (only a bishop can confer the Sacrament of Confirmation). Sunday Masses, Filipino-style weddings, baptisms, and funerals are held in the Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz. Although the chapel has been designated as a church for the Filipino community and was authorized to perform Filipino liturgies, it welcomes all peoples regardless of ethnicity and background to attend its services and to participate in the events held in it and the Philippine Pastoral Center.
The Filipino Apostolate's aim is to elevate the designation of the Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz into a parish church status. Factors that will help the Filipino Apostolate in achieving this goal is by maintaining good record-keeping, financial management and pastoral programs.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to San Lorenzo Ruiz Chapel (New York City).|
- The Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz, New York City
- Pontificio Collegio Filippino
- Philippine Center, New York
- Mother Ignacia del Espiritu Santo
- Jeronima de la Asuncion
- Religious of the Virgin Mary
- Three Fertility Saints of Obando, Bulacan, Philippines
- The First Filipino Nun
- Office for Metropolitan History, "Manhattan NB Database 1900-1986," (Accessed 25 Dec 2010).
- Catholic Churches of Manhattan: San Lorenzo Ruiz Chapel retrieved June 17, 2011
- Filipino Apostolate/Archdiocese of New York, Chapel of San Lorenzo Ruiz, ChapelofSanLorenzoRuiz.org, retrieved on: 09 June 2007
- "Visit of Her Excellency President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo to Participate in the 2005 World Summit - High Level plenary session of the 60th Session of the United Nations General Assembly, New York, United States of America, 12–15 September 2005", press kit, Office of the President, Government Mass Media Group, Bureau of Communications Services, Manila, September, 2005.
- Nonong, Father Fajardo, CM. The Basilica of Sta. Pudenciana: The Filipino Church in Rome, Brief History of the Chaplaincy, DePaul.edu, retrieved on: 10 June 2007
- Inquirer.net, Church marks 20th anniversary of Lorenzo Ruiz sainthood