Chapeltown station viewed from the entrance from the Asda supermarket. Recent improvements are visible, including new signage, lighting and the passenger information display systems (visible on platform 2)
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Chapeltown from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
The present station was the first to be opened under the governance of the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive in the late 1970s; the original station, a quarter-mile or 600 m nearer to Barnsley, closed at that time. The platforms, shown in the photograph of the old station looking towards the new station just visible in the distance, were retained, the Barnsley bound platform being used as a walkway to connect the original access to the new station. CCTV was installed in March 2008 for the purposes of crime prevention. Improvements to the station included new signs, lighting, nosing on the steps, and for the first time, installation of passenger information display screens (passenger information system) to provide real-time service information.
Services run twice an hour Monday to Saturday to Sheffield (hourly on Sundays) and hourly to Huddersfield on the Penistone Line and Leeds on the Hallam Line respectively (two-hourly Sundays). On a weekday there are two stopping and two through trains in each direction an hour. On Saturdays only, there is a service to Nottingham departing at 6.35am which is the only Nottingham train to serve Chapeltown, and is the only scheduled service to be operated by a Northern158 DMU.