Chaplain general

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This article focuses on the term "Chaplain General" within the Anglican Church. For information about the use of this term in numerous militaries around the world, see the Chaplain general section of military chaplain

In Anglicanism, chaplains general are the senior Anglican chaplains in non-church organisations, such as the British and Canadian armies, and are responsible for conducting religious services and ceremonies, and generally representing the Anglican faith in an organisation.

During the First World War, the chaplain-general John Taylor Smith was equivalent to a major general and under the control of the Permanent Under-Secretary of State. Llewellyn Henry Gwynne was from July 1915 deputy chaplain-general of the army in France, with the relative rank of major-general. Both had been colonial bishops prior to appointment.

In the Second World War, the head of chaplaincy in the British Army was an (Anglican) chaplain-general, who was formally under the control of the Permanent Under-Secretary of State.[1] An Assistant Chaplain-General was a Chaplain 1st class (full Colonel) and a senior Chaplain was a Chaplain 2nd class (Lieutenant Colonel).[2]

In 1948 the first Bishop to the Forces was appointed; the Bishop is a suffragan of the Archbishop of Canterbury, the full title of the Bishop to the Forces is "The Archbishop of Canterbury's Episcopal Representative to the Armed Forces". The Bishop to the Forces is not a military chaplain.[3] The current holder of the office is the Right Reverend Stephen Venner. There is sometimes confusion between the (Anglican) "Bishop to the Forces" and the (Roman Catholic) "Bishop of the Forces": for this reason the latter is normally given his title in full, i.e. "The Roman Catholic Bishop of the Forces".[4]

Each of the three armed services has a chief chaplain (ranking as an archdeacon), for the navy the Chaplain of the Fleet, for the army the Chaplain-General, and for the Royal Air Force the Chaplain-in-Chief.[5]

The Museum of Army Chaplaincy holds archive material and information relating to the history of the Chaplains General to the British Army both past and present.

Outside Anglicanism[edit]

Chaplain General is also used as a term outside the Anglican Church, referring to the senior chaplain in a nation's military (sometimes called the Chief of Chaplains, as in the United States military). Some nations, like South Africa, Israel, and Canada, have one Chaplain General or Chief of Chaplains for the military as a whole; others, like the United States, have one for each branch of the armed forces; while others have one for each major religion or faith group represented among its military personnel.

Holders of appointments[edit]

Chaplains-General
When the Chaplain-General is an Anglican (as was always the case before 1987), she or he is also Archdeacon for the Army. Otherwise, the most senior Anglican army chaplain holds that appointment.
Bishops to the Forces
Further information: Bishop to the Forces

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. D. Symons, Chaplain-General to the Forces, 1939-44
  2. ^ Brumwell, P. Middleton (1943) The Army Chaplain: the Royal Army Chaplains' Department; the duties of chaplains and morale. London: Adam & Charles Black
  3. ^ Crockford's Clerical Directory 2008/2009 (100th ed.), London: Church House Publishing ISBN 978-0-7151-1030-0
  4. ^ [1]. The Catholic Church in England and Wales: the Bishopric of the Forces. Retrieved on 9 September 2010.
  5. ^ Whitaker's Almanack; 1972; 1988. London: J. Whitaker & Sons; pp. 459; (1988) 464
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13938. p. 945. 4 October 1796. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16348. p. 335. 6 March 1810. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18044. p. 1155. 13 July 1824. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 20620. p. 2500. 7 July 1846. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24199. p. 2081. 13 April 1875. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25442. p. 677. 17 February 1885. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27379. p. 7653. 22 November 1901. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33048. p. 3374. 19 May 1925. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34010. p. 3. 29 December 1933. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  15. ^ a b The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 36791. p. 5189. 10 November 1944. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 39375. p. 5772. 9 November 1951. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42088. p. 4811. 8 July 1960. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  18. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 43898. p. 1755. 11 February 1966. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  19. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 46349. p. 7900. 24 September 1974. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  20. ^ a b The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 50799. p. 450. 12 January 1987. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  21. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 53946. p. 1747. 6 February 1995. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 55854. p. 5644. 23 May 2000. Retrieved 16 November 2012.
  23. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 59866. p. 14713. 2 August 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2012.

Sources[edit]