Chappaqua (Metro-North station)

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Chappaqua
Chappaqua, NY, train station.jpg
View north from platform, 2009, with historic station on right
Station statistics
Address 108 Allen Place
Chappaqua, NY, 10514
Line(s)
Connections Bee-Line: 19
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Parking 1,416 spaces
Other information
Opened 1902
Rebuilt Remodeled in 2007
Electrified 1984
700V (DC) third rail
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Fare zone 5
Traffic
Passengers (2006) 527,540 Steady 0%
Services
Preceding station   MTA NYC logo.svg Metro-North Railroad   Following station
Harlem Line
toward Wassaic
  Former services  
New York Central Railroad
Harlem Division
toward Chatham
Chappaqua Railroad Depot and Depot Plaza
Chappaqua (Metro-North station) is located in New York
Chappaqua (Metro-North station)
Coordinates 41°9′28.44″N 73°46′29.64″W / 41.1579000°N 73.7749000°W / 41.1579000; -73.7749000Coordinates: 41°9′28.44″N 73°46′29.64″W / 41.1579000°N 73.7749000°W / 41.1579000; -73.7749000
Area 2.7 acres (1 ha)
Built 1902
Architect Nicholas Grant[2]
Governing body Metropolitan Transportation Authority
MPS Horace Greeley Related Sites TR
NRHP Reference # 79003210[1]
Added to NRHP April 19, 1979

The Chappaqua Metro-North Railroad station serves the residents of Chappaqua, New York, United States, part of the town of New Castle, via the Harlem Line. Trains leave for New York City every hour, and about every 20 minutes during rush hour. It is 32.4 miles (52.1 km) from Grand Central Terminal and travel time there is approximately 52 minutes. This station is the first/last station in the Zone 5 Metro-North fare zone.

Next to the modern station is the building opened by the New York Central Railroad in 1902.[3] Still in use as a waiting area, it is part of the Chappaqua Railroad Depot and Depot Plaza listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1979.[4] It was built on land donated by the daughter of Horace Greeley, a prominent newspaper editor and presidential candidate who had moved to Chappaqua in the mid-19th century and been responsible for much of its early development, on the condition that a small park adjacent to the station be maintained.[5]

Platform and tracks[edit]

2 Harlem Line for Grand Central
1 Harlem Line for Wassaic

The station has one eight-car-long high-level island platform serving trains in both directions. The Harlem Line has two tracks at this location.

Buildings and grounds[edit]

The station is located on the southwest corner of downtown Chappaqua, located in a low area amid hilly terrain just north of the Mount Pleasant town line. At that point the two railroad tracks run straight in a northeast-southwest heading, paralleling the Saw Mill River Parkway and the headwaters of the eponymous stream immediately to their west.[6] Quaker Road (New York State Route 120) crosses over the tracks just north of the station, east of its interchange with the parkway. Beyond it a parking lot separates the road from the main commercial area of downtown around the intersection of King and Greeley streets.[7]

East of the station, across South Greeley Street, are commercial buildings north of Woodbine Avenue and Robert E. Bell Middle School of the Chappaqua Central School District. South of it is the Episcopal Church of St. Mary the Virgin, also listed on the Register due to its connection to the Greeley family. A baseball diamond lies between the station and New Castle's town hall and the Chappaqua library on the south. To the southwest of the station its overflow parking spills out alongside the tracks to the town line.[7]

Woodbine west of South Greeley serves as the station's entrance road. Parking is in concentric semicircles, mirroring the small park just east of the station. A statue of Greeley and war memorial are located just across Allen Place from the historic station building on the east side of the tracks.[5] The entry stairs to the modern station are immediately to the south.[8]

The historic building is a one-story fieldstone structure with a tiled hipped roof pierced at either end by two stone chimneys. On its west side, opposite the statue and war memorial, is a gabled porte-cochère supported by square bracketed wooden pillars atop a stone wall. West, along the tracks, a roofed arcade extends along the tracks. It is no longer necessary as a shelter for passengers awaiting trains since the tracks are now fenced off on that side and all ingress and egress from them is via the modern station.[5]

An walkway and steps enclosed with glass and aluminum climb to a similarly treated overpass from both north and south, with an elevator in a brick shaft between them. In the overpass are ticket machines. On the west end of the overpass, another enclosed stairwell and another elevator in a brick shaft descend to the elevated concrete island platform between the tracks.[8]

The platform, long enough to accommodate eight cars, extends about 50 feet (15 m) to the south of the overpass. North of the overpass it continues to slightly north of the Quaker Road overpass. A roof covers the first hundred feet (30 m). Along its length are ornate metal streetlights, enclosed shelters, and some vending machines.[8]

Inside the historic station, most of the space is a large waiting area, with benches on the walls. A ticket office is on the east side. On the south end is a smaller waiting area and the restrooms. The Café La Track fills the southwest corner.[9]

It is decorated entirely in wood, from the flooring to the vertical siding to the exposed ceiling rafters. There is a simple molding at the floor, and a more decorative one at the chair rail level and then running around the waiting room at the top of the entryways, all of which are flanked by smooth square pilasters. Above that level is a paneled entablature (with ten-pane horizontal casement windows above the ticket office), with another molded cornice at the ceiling.

History[edit]

Chappaqua was first settled by Quakers moving inland from Long Island Sound in the 1740s. For a century after that, it remained a self-sustaining farming community, centered around the meeting house 0.6 mile (1 km) north of the present downtown along Quaker Road. The meeting house and several other buildings remain from that era. They are now part of the Old Chappaqua Historic District, also listed on the National Register.[10]

In 1846 the New York and Harlem Railroad laid the first tracks along the current route. That led to gradual changes in the economy and geography of Chappaqua. Farmers could now easily ship their crops to New York for sale, and many switched to growing cash crops to take advantage of this. A few businesses began to cluster around the original depot site, a few hundred feet north of the present station.[5] Three buildings were eventually built close to the station.[11]

The rail connection made it possible for those with social and commercial links to the city to maintain them, and some who had business there moved to Chappaqua. Among them was Horace Greeley, the crusading editor of the New York Tribune. He settled there with his wife and daughter in 1853, seeking a quiet country retreat from the demands of his job and a place to test the farming methods he advocated. Shortly after moving in he built the first concrete dairy barn in the country. In 1864 he bought a large farm south of the station and expanded its farmhouse. He lived there for the last nine years of his life.[12]

Original 1902 station depot at Chappaqua

A stone building with a peaked green roof and a porte-cochere on the front. On the left a section of roof extends along some fenced railroad tracks
Exterior of the depot
A room paneled in vertical wood planking, with a similar ceiling and floor. Antique lights and a ceiling fan hang from the ceiling.
Interior of the depot

His daughter Gabrielle inherited the farm. Over the remaining years of the 19th century more city residents followed her family's lead and moved out to Chappaqua. They often settled on farms that had been subdivided into large residential lots. By the turn of the century the 1846 depot was no longer able to handle its daily passenger and freight traffic, and the existing buildings were preventing easy access to the station. As sites for a new depot were being proposed and considered, with considerable opposition from the owners of the three buildings near the old station,.[11] Gabrielle offered to donate the 2.7 acres (1.1 ha) where it presently stands for a station, a public park to always be maintained there, and an access road to be named Woodbine Avenue after her mother's family.[5]

Her offer was accepted, and the station was built there. It was completed and opened in 1902, amid much local celebration. Its completion triggered the development of most of modern downtown Chappaqua, and accelerated the suburbanization of the community, as Gabrielle Greeley continued to subdivide the remnants of the farm for development by others until her death in 1937. The small park, decorated with a statue of her father and war memorial in 1914, remained per the stipulation of her original gift.[12]

In the early 1970s the Penn Central Railroad, successor by merger to the New York Central Railroad, which had absorbed the New York and Harlem, went bankrupt. Commuter rail services it had operated were first run by Conrail, then by Metro-North Railroad after that agency was created under the aegis of New York's Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA). During the 1980s the new station, with elevated platforms, was built. Café La Track was opened in the old station a decade later.[9]

In the early 2000s 20 spaces in the station's lot were equipped with plug-in recharging stations for electric cars as part of a pilot program to encourage their use. Drivers of those vehicles were guaranteed access to one of those spaces.[13] Three years later, during a $1.1 million renovation of the station, the owners of Café La Track resorted to an online petition to successfully prevent themselves from being replaced by a Dunkin' Donuts franchise.[9]

Service[edit]

All trains that stop at Chappaqua are electric multiple units. Most are M7s exclusively, although sometimes consists of older M3s can be seen. Diesel-powered express trains that serve the upper reaches of the Harlem Line (north of Southeast, where electrification ends) pass through during morning and evening rush hours but do not stop.[14]

As of April 2013, 15 trains serve the station during morning peak. Three originate at various stations further up the line and then make Chappaqua their last local stop before continuing to White Plains, 125th Street and Grand Central. During the non-peak hours service is hourly, with some added trains that originate in Mount Kisco, then stop at Pleasantville before becoming express trains to North White Plains, White Plains and the two Manhattan stops. The evening rush hour offers the same trains as the morning, in the opposite direction.[14] Weekend and holiday service is generally hourly, with a few extra trains from and to Mount Kisco.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ Westchester County Listings -- National Register of Historic Places
  3. ^ Chappaqua's Gala Day; New York Daily Tribune; June 16, 1902 (I Ride the Harlem Line.com)
  4. ^ National Register of Historic Places.gov
  5. ^ a b c d e Gruber, Walter J. and Dorothy W. (August 28, 1977). "National Register of Historic Places nomination, Chappaqua Railroad Depot and Depot Plaza". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved April 2, 2013. 
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. Ossining Quadrangle — New York — Westchester Co. (Map). 1:24,000. USGS 7½-minute quadrangles. http://www.topoquest.com/map.php?lat=41.1579&lon=-73.7749&datum=nad83&zoom=4. Retrieved April 6, 2013.
  7. ^ a b Google Inc. "Allen Pl". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.com/maps?ll=41.1579,-73.7749&spn=0.01,0.01&t=h&q=41.1579,-73.7749. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Microsoft. "Chappaqua (Metro-North station)". Bing Maps (Map). Cartography by Nokia. http://www.bing.com/maps/default.aspx?v=2&cp=41.1579~-73.7749&style=o&lvl=15&sp=Point.41.1579_-73.7749_Chappaqua%20%28Metro-North%20station%29___. Retrieved 6 April 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Scharfenberg, David (January 9, 2005). "In Chappaqua, Shop Regains Its Toehold". The New York Times. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  10. ^ Lynn Beebe Weaver (October 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Registration:Old Chappaqua Historic District". New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b "Chappaqua Railway Station Cut Off". The New York Times. August 15, 1901. Retrieved April 4, 2013. 
  12. ^ a b Gruber, Walter and Dorothy (October 14, 1978). "Horace Greeley Related Sites Thematic Resources". U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved April 3, 2013. 
  13. ^ Callahan, Tom (February 24, 2002). "Station Cars, Batteries And Parking Included". The New York Times. Retrieved April 7, 2013. 
  14. ^ a b Metro-North Railroad, Harlem Line, Weekdays January 5 through April 6, 2013 PDF, January 2013. Retrieved April 7, 2013.
  15. ^ Metro-North Railroad, Harlem Line, Weekends January 5 through April 6, 2013 PDF, January 2013. Retrieved April 7, 2013.

External links[edit]