Charbagh, Isfahan

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For other uses, see Chahar Bagh.
2012
1705

Chahar Bagh Boulevard (Persian: چهارباغ, translation: Four Gardens) is a historical avenue in Isfahan constructed in the Safavid era of Iran.

The avenue is the most historically famous in all of Persia. It connects north of city to south and is about 6 kilometers long. On the west side are situated the Gardens of the Vazirs, and on the east the Hasht Behesht and Chehel Sotoun gardens.[1][2]

History[edit]

Shah Abbas I was the king who changed his capital from Qazvin to Esfahan and decided to pour all the countries artistic wealth into that central spot which has been dubbed for centuries "Nisfi Jahan" or "Half the World". The chief architect of this task of urban planning was Shaykh Bahai (Baha' ad-Din al-`Amili),[3] who focused the programme on two key features of Shah Abbas's master plan: the Chahar Bagh avenue, flanked at either side by all the prominent institutions of the city, such as the residences of all foreign dignitaries, and the Naqsh-e Jahan Square ("Examplar of the World").[4][5]

Sections[edit]

Street in Iran.jpg

Chahar Bagh Street
خيابان چهار باغ
Route information
Length: 5.5 km (3.4 mi)
Major junctions
North end: Square in Iran.png Shohada Squrare
South end: Square in Iran.png Azadi Squrare
Highway system

Highways in Iran

Freeways

Chaharbagh Pa'in[edit]

Chaharbagh Pa'in, or lower Chaharbagh, (Persian: چهارباغ پایین‎) is the northern section of the avenue. This part of Chaharbagh is from Shohada Squrare to Takhti Junction.

Chaharbagh Abbasi[edit]

Chaharbagh Abbasi, (Persian: چهارباغ عباسی‎) is the middle section of the avenue. This part of Chaharbagh is from Takhti Junction to Northern 33 pol at Enqelab Square.

Chaharbagh Bala[edit]

Chaharbagh Bala, or upper Chaharbagh, (Persian: چهارباغ بالا‎) is the southern section of the avenue. This part of Chaharbagh is from Azadi Squrare to southern 33 pol.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lehrman, Jonas Benzion (1980). Earthly paradise: garden and courtyard in Islam. University of California Press. ISBN 0520043634. pp. 116-126.
  2. ^ Assari, Ali; T.M. Mahesh (January 2012). "Conservation of historic urban core in traditional Islamic culture: case study of Isfahan city". Indian Journal of Science and Technology 5 (1): 1970–1976. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Kheirabadi Masoud (2000). Iranian Cities: Formation and Development. Syracuse University Press. pp. 47.
  4. ^ Sir Roger Stevens; The Land of the Great Sophy, p. 172.
  5. ^ Assari, Ali; Erfan Assari (2012). "Urban spirit and heritage conservation problems: case study Isfahan city in Iran". Journal of American Science 8 (1): 203–209. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 


Coordinates: 32°39′11″N 51°40′07″E / 32.65306°N 51.66861°E / 32.65306; 51.66861