|Intercommunality||Mâconnais–Val de Saône|
|• Mayor||Alice Karn|
|Area1||6.37 km2 (2.46 sq mi)|
|• Density||28/km2 (72/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||71100 / 71700|
|Elevation||220–375 m (722–1,230 ft)
(avg. 225 m or 738 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The name is a derivative of Cardonnacum, a Latin term to denote the land of Cardus, the owner of the land surrounding this village during the end of the Roman period. The name is also said to mean an area of thistles. Chardonnay and its surrounding Mâconnais region are probably the cradle of the Chardonnay type of grape, and certainly the semantic origin of the grape.
In 1994 the vineyard co-operative of Chardonnay amalgamated with that of Lugny.
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