This article is outdated. (September 2013)
Charenton was a lunatic asylum, founded in 1645 by the Frères de la Charité in Charenton-Saint-Maurice, now Saint-Maurice, Val-de-Marne, France.
Charenton was known for its humanitarian treatment of patients, especially under its director the
Abbé de Coulmier in the early 19th century.
Famous prisoners were held in the Charenton asylum including
Latude, the Comte de Sanois and Marquis de Sade (from 1801 until his death in 1814 at the age of 74).
The noted Belgian-born
musicologist and composer Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny also died at the Charenton asylum, in 1842. The caricaturist André Gill died there in 1885. The mathematician André Bloch spent the last three decades of his life there, and mathematician Joseph-Émile Barbier also stayed there before being found and brought back into academia by Bertrand. [1 ]
Today, the psychiatric hospital is known as the
Esquirol Hospital ( l'Hôpital Esquirol), after Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol who directed the institution in the 19th century. The architect of the 1845 structure was Émile Gilbert.
See also [ edit ]
, a play by Marat/Sade Peter Weiss set at Charenton and featuring Coulmier and de Sade.
, a film set at Charenton and featuring Coulmier and de Sade. Quills
Gallery [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]
Coordinates: 48°49′7″N 2°25′47″E / 48.81861°N 2.42972°E