|Elevation||1,600 m (5,200 ft)|
Charikar (Persian: چاریکار, pronounced Chârikâr) is the main town of the Kohdaman Valley and the capital of Parwan Province in northern Afghanistan. The city lies on the road 69 km from Kabul to the northern provinces. Travelers would pass Charikar when traveling to Mazari Sharif, Kunduz or Puli Khumri. Charikar is at the gateway to the Panjshir Valley, where the Shamali plains meet the foothills of the Hindu Kush. The city's population is estimated to be from 30,000 to around 130,000,[vague] most of whom are Tajiks. Charikar is known for its pottery and high-quality grapes.
In 1220, Charikar was the site of the battle of Pirvan, in which Jalal ud-Din delayed the invading Mongol army. This allowed him and part of his army to escape the consequences of the fall of the Khwarezmid Empire.
At the beginning of the 19th century, Charikar became a flourishing commercial town of several thousand inhabitants. Charikar was the location of major battle during the First Anglo-Afghan War. In 1841 a British garrison was massacred.
On August 14, 2011, a team of about six suicide bombers attacked the governor's palace in Charikar. The Governor Abdul Basir Salangi survived but 19 people were killed. The Taliban claimed responsibility.
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- "19 dead in attack on Afghan governor's compound".