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A street in Charikar
A street in Charikar
Charikar is located in Afghanistan
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 35°0′47″N 69°10′8″E / 35.01306°N 69.16889°E / 35.01306; 69.16889Coordinates: 35°0′47″N 69°10′8″E / 35.01306°N 69.16889°E / 35.01306; 69.16889
Country  Afghanistan
Province Parwan Province
Elevation 1,600 m (5,200 ft)
Population (2003)
 • Total 34,900
Time zone UTC+4:30

Charikar (Persian: چاریکار‎, pronounced Chârikâr) is the main town of the Kohdaman Valley and the capital of Parwan Province in northern Afghanistan. The city lies on the road 69 km from Kabul to the northern provinces. Travelers would pass Charikar when traveling to Mazari Sharif, Kunduz or Puli Khumri. Charikar is at the gateway to the Panjshir Valley, where the Shamali plains meet the foothills of the Hindu Kush. The city's population is widely uncounted and ranges from a low estimate of 30,000 to more than 130,000,[vague] most of whom are Tajiks. Charikar is known for its pottery and high-quality grapes.


In 1221, the Battle of Pirvan was fought near Charikar, in which Jalal ud-Din with an army of 30,000 with 100,000 auxiliaries delayed an advance column of 30,000 men of the invading Mongol army long enough to allow part of his army to escape into the northern Punjab, and avoid the immediate consequences of the fall of the Khwarezmid Empire.[1][2]

At the beginning of the 19th century, Charikar became a flourishing commercial town of several thousand inhabitants.[3] Charikar was the location of major battle during the First Anglo-Afghan War. In 1841 a British garrison was massacred.[4]

During the Soviet invasion, the region around Charikar was the scene to some of the fiercest fighting.[5]

On August 14, 2011, a team of about six suicide bombers attacked the governor's palace in Charikar. The Governor Abdul Basir Salangi survived but 19 people were killed to which the Taliban claimed responsibility.[6]


  1. ^ Man, John (2005) Genghis Khan: Life, Death, and Resurrection St.Martin's Press, New York, pages 181–182, ISBN 978-0-312-31444-6
  2. ^ Tucker, Spencer C. (2009). A Global Chronology of Conflict: From the Ancient World to the Modern Middle East, Volume I ca. 3000 BCE–1499 CE. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 273. ISBN 978-1-85109-667-1. 
  3. ^ Balland, Daniel. "ČĀRĪKĀR". Encyclopædia Iranica (Online Edition ed.). United States: Columbia University. 
  4. ^ by Afghans led by Mir Masjidi Khan, and Major Eldred Pottinger was badly wounded Weber, George (2001-01-14). "Pioneer Biographies of the British Period to 1947". Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  5. ^ "Charikar". The Columbia Encyclopedia (Sixth Edition ed.). Columbia University Press. 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  6. ^ "19 dead in attack on Afghan governor's compound". 

External links[edit]

Media related to Charikar at Wikimedia Commons