Charina

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Charina
Charina bottae.jpg
Rubber boa, C. bottae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Subfamily: Ungaliophiinae
Genus: Charina
Gray, 1849
Synonyms

Charina is a genus of nonvenomous boas found in North America. Three species are currently recognized.[2]

Common names: rosy boas, rubber boas.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

Found in North America from southwestern Canada south through the western United States into northwestern Mexico.[1]

Species[edit]

Species[2] Taxon author[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name[2] Geographic range
C. bottaeT (Blainville, 1835) 0 Rubber boa Southwestern Canada in southeastern British Columbia. The northwestern and western United States in most of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, western Montana and Wyoming, northern and central Utah, and as far south as northern Nevada and Monterey County, California.[1][3]
L. trivirgata (Cope, 1861) 2 Rosy boa The United States in southern California and southwestern Arizona. Mexico in the Baja California peninsula and in western Sonora.[1]
C. umbratica Klauber, 1943 0 Southern rubber boa The United States in southern California (Riverside and San Bernardino counties).[3]

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]

Taxonomy[edit]

Sources vary on how many species the genus contains. Some consider the rubber boa, C. bottae, to be the sole member of the genus, although recent research has included the rosy boa, C. (Lichanura) trivirgata. In addition, some experts consider the southern rubber boa, C. umbratica to be a subspecies of C. bottae. Although the Calabar python, Calabaria reinhardtii has been included in Charina, recent phylogenetic analyses based on DNA have shown that it does not belong to this genus.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e f "Charina". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 6 July 2008. 
  3. ^ a b Wright AH, Wright AA. 1957. Handbook of Snakes. 2 volumes. Comstock Publishing Associates. (7th printing, 1985). 1105 pp. ISBN 0-8014-0463-0.
  4. ^ Pyron, Robert Alexander, Frank T. Burbrink, and John J. Wiens. "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes." BMC evolutionary biology 13.1 (2013): 93.

Further reading[edit]

  • Gray, J.E. 1849. Catalogue of the Specimens of Snakes in the Collection of the British Museum. Trustees of the British Museum. London. xv + 125 pp. (Charina, p. 113.)
  • Kluge AG. 1993. Calabaria and the phylogeny of erycine snakes. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 107: 293-351. PDF at University of Michigan Library. Accessed 20 July 2008.

External links[edit]