Charing Cross Hospital Medical School
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Charing Cross Hospital Medical School (CXHMS) is the oldest of the constituent medical schools of Imperial College School of Medicine.
It was founded in 1818, as part of the Charing Cross Hospital, by Dr Benjamin Golding, to meet the needs of the poor who flocked to the cities in search of work in the new factories. This was a revolutionary notion at a time when London doctors mainly practised privately. The hospital was well patronised, and soon had to move to larger premises in Agar Street (near Villiers Street, off the Strand), where it first became known as Charing Cross in 1834.
Buildings on this site were expanded several times, but by the late 1950s it became clear that no further expansion would be possible in the area, and the hospital would have to move. Two sites were identified – a rebuild of the Fulham Hospital in west London, and a new-build site at Northwick Park in Harrow, north London. Whilst many staff supported the idea of moving to the northern suburbs, the Fulham site was selected and building began in the late 1960s. Northwick Park Hospital was built as well, but to a reduced budget.
The new hospital opened in 1973, still known as Charing Cross Hospital. To avoid confusion, for the first ten years, correspondence was referred to "Charing Cross Hospital at Fulham". The discrepancy continues to have ramifications to this day, as patients from outside London (and sometimes new students) arrive in the Strand and begin to look around for the hospital. (Getting lost appears to be something of a feature of CX students, as one of their most famous alumni is Dr Livingstone, of “…I presume” fame, who was missing on expedition in Africa for five years).
Charing Cross remains a hospital on the forefront of medicine; in recent times pioneering the clinical use of CT scanning, reflective of its position as one of the most important neuroscience centres in London; and advances in oncology and chemotherapy. Students of the medical school have benefited from this expertise, with many taking a research interest in these areas during their training.
From the opening of the new hospital in 1973, the medical school was contained entirely within the hospital tower (in the east wing laboratory block), but in 1976 the medical school's own building (the Reynolds Building) was completed. Housing the CXHMS students’ union (now part of Imperial College School of Medicine Students' Union, it saw the start of many ongoing traditions, (including the annual "Invasion of London", in which garishly-dressed students persuade commuters and other city folk to donate to charity), most of which seem to centre around the medical school bar. The Reynolds bar houses a mysterious elephant/dinosaur skull (provenance unknown), as well as many other items of memorabilia. A large brass Maltese cross was brought from the old (Strand) site to the bar to serve as the students' emblem. The cross was from the top of the dome in the strand building and was rescued in 1973. It spent the next 4 years under the bed of a student and was given to the Medical School in 1978 when the student qualified. Newly Qualified doctors now "Sign the Cross" on graduation, making it a legend in our lifetime! Seeing as the nearby St Mary's Hospital Medical School had a 2ft cast of Paddington Bear in their bar (affectionately known as Gladys'), it became a regular occurrence for teams of students to attempt to capture the rival emblem.
In 1984, CXHMS merged with local rivals Westminster Hospital Medical School to form Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School (CXWMS). This merger took place against the background of a series of mergers between London medical schools in the early 1980s, which foreshadowed the second, larger round of mergers in the late 1990s. During this round, CXWMS merged with Imperial College, London (whose medical department was at St Mary's Hospital Medical School), the National Heart and Lung Institute at the Royal Brompton Hospital, and the Royal Postgraduate Medical School to form Imperial College School of Medicine.
- Patrick Dixon
- Joseph Fayrer
- Rosalind Hurley
- Thomas Henry Huxley
- Sir Bruce Keogh, Medical Director of the NHS
- Louise Lake-Tack, Governor-General of Antigua and Barbuda, 2007-
- David Livingstone
- Christine Moffatt
- William Kitchen Parker
- Ann Redgrave, wife of Steve Redgrave
- Edith Summerskill
- Jane Yardley, author
List of Deans
|Dean||Degrees||Took Office||Left Office|
|W Hyde Salter||MD FRCP FRS||1867||1868|
|Julius Pollock||MD FRCP||1868||1874|
|J Mitchell Bruce||MA MD FRCP||1883||1890|
|Stanley Boyd||MBBS FRCS||1890||1895|
|Hubert Montague Murray||MD FRCP||1895||1901|
|HF Waterhouse||MD CM FRCS||1901||1906|
|Christopher Addison||MD FRCS||1906||1907|
|FC Wallis||MBBS FRCS||1907||1910|
|CF Myers Ward||LRCP MRCS||1910||1911|
|William Hunter||MD CM FRCS FRS(Ed)||1911||1917|
|William J Fenton||MD FRCP||1917||1927|
|FH Young||OBE MD FRCP||1927||1930|
|Eric A Crook||MA MCh FRCS||1930||1940|
|RA Hickling||BA MD FRCP||1940||1944|
|HWC Vines||MA MD||1944||1950|
|Edwin C Warner||BSc MD FRCP||1950||1956|
|William J Hamilton||DSc MD FRCOG FRS(Ed)||1956||1962|
|Seymour JR Reynolds||MA MBBChir DMRE||1962||1976|
|Tony W Glenister||CBE TD MBBS PhD DSc||1976||1989|
|John EH Pendower||MBBS FRCS Barrister-at-Law||1989||1993|
|Roger M Greenhalgh||MA MD MChir FRCS||1993||1997|
|M Whitehouse||MA MD FRCP FRCP(Edin) FRCR||1997|