Charing Windmill

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Charing Windmill
Charing mil3.JPG
The converted mill.
Origin
Mill name Field Mill
Grid reference TQ 957 503
Year built Early nineteenth century
Information
Purpose Corn milling
Type Smock mill
Storeys Three-storey smock
Base storeys One storey
Smock sides Eight-sided
Number of sails Four
Type of sails Two Common sails and two Spring sails
Windshaft Cast iron
Winding Fantail
Fantail blades Six
Number of pairs of millstones Three pairs
Other information Was painted white when a working mill, tarred black since conversion to a house.

Charing Windmill is a Grade II listed[1] house converted smock mill on Charing Hill in Kent in southeast England. It is sometimes known as Field Mill, but that name was also used by a watermill in Charing.

History[edit]

Charing Mill was built in the early nineteenth century. It was marked on the 1819-43 Ordnance Survey map and also on Greenwood's 1821 map of Kent. It was working until 1891, when the business was transferred to Field Watermill,[2] although two new common sails had been erected on the mill by Holman's of Canterbury the year before. The sails were removed in 1917 after being damaged in a gale.[3]

Description[edit]

For a description of the machinery, see Mill machinery.

Charing Mill is a three-storey smock mill on a single-storey base. It has a Kentish-style cap. It had two Common sails and two Spring sails and was winded by a fantail.[3] The cast-iron windshaft carries a wooden Brake Wheel driving a wooden wallower, carried on a wooden upright shaft. The Wooden clasp arm Great Spur Wheel survives, but the three pairs of millstones have been removed.[2] The mill was originally painted white overall, but the body of the mill was creosoted in 1969.[4]

Millers[edit]

  • Thomas Parks 1823 - 1827
  • Richard Chapman Jennings 1839
  • A Sidders
  • S Andrews
  • Robert Millgate 1878 - Charing Heath windmill?
  • Pay 1878 - 1892 Field watermill?
  • Pope 1878 - 1892 Field watermill?
  • William Smith
  • George Smith 1887
  • Walter Hicks 1891

References for above:- [2][3][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CHARING WINDMILL, BOWL ROAD, CHARING, ASHFORD, KENT". English Heritage. Retrieved 2008-06-12. 
  2. ^ a b c West, Jenny (1973). The Windmills of Kent. London: Charles Skilton Ltd. pp. p28–30. ISBN 0-284-98534-1. 
  3. ^ a b c Coles Finch, William (1933). Watermills and Windmills. London: C W Daniel Company. pp. p177. 
  4. ^ "View up towards cap. No sweeps or stocks". The Mills Archive Trust. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  5. ^ "Directory of Kent Mill People". The Mills Archive Trust. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°13′1″N 0°48′8″E / 51.21694°N 0.80222°E / 51.21694; 0.80222