Charioteer tank destroyer

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Charioteer
Charioteer-latrun-2.jpg
Charioteer at Yad La-Shiryon, Latrun.
Type Tank destroyer
Place of origin  United Kingdom
Service history
In service -
Used by British Army
Wars 1978 South Lebanon conflict
Lebanese civil war
Production history
Manufacturer Robinson and Kershaw Ltd, Dukinfield, Cheshire
Number built 442[1]
Specifications

Main
armament
Ordnance QF 20 pounder
Suspension Improved Christie

The Charioteer officially known as FV4101 Cromwell Heavy AT Gun[2] and FV4101 Tank Medium, Charioteer was a British armoured fighting vehicle. It was produced in the 1950s as a self-propelled anti-tank gun to add firepower to units serving in West Germany by mounting a 20 pdr (84mm) gun on a Cromwell tank chassis.

Development[edit]

In the early 1950s, in an attempt to give extra firepower to the Territorial Army units of the Royal Armoured Corps, some Cromwell tanks received a 20 pounder gun (the same as used by the Centurion) in a new but lightly armoured two-man turret.[3] The resulting vehicle was designated as the FV 4101 Charioteer tank destroyer. About 200 units were converted by Robinson and Kershaw Ltd at their works in Dukinfield, Cheshire.

Service[edit]

In practice the Charioteer was used by British Territorial Army units only and during mid and late 1950s most of the vehicles were sold to Austria, Finland, Jordan and Lebanon.

Operators[edit]

 Austria
 Finland
  • Finnish Army bought 38 "Charioteer Mk VII Model B" by 1960 and they remained in use until 1979. The tanks were stored until 2007 when they were auctioned off.
 Jordan
  • Jordanian Army equipped two squadrons (24 vehicles) of their 3rd Tank Regiment in 1954. Some of the Jordanian Charioteers were sold to Lebanon.
 Lebanon
 Palestine
 United Kingdom

Survivors[edit]

 Austria
 Finland
  • A Finnish Charioteer is on outdoor display in the Parola tank museum.
  • Another Finnish Charioteer is on outdoor display near the main entrance of Army Academy in Lappeenranta.
 Israel
 United Kingdom

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Finnish Defence Forces sale of used equipment
  2. ^ "Fighting Vehicle 4101 Cromwell Heavy Anti-tank gun
  3. ^ Bingham p27
  4. ^ FV4101 Tank Medium, Charioteer (E1965.3)
Bibliography
  • Bingham, James (1971), AFV Profile No. 25 Cromwell and Comet, Profile Publishing 

External links[edit]