Chariots of Fire (album)

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Chariots of Fire
Film score by Vangelis
Released April 1981
Recorded 1981
Genre Film score
Length 42:03
Label Polydor
Producer Vangelis
Vangelis chronology
See You Later
(1980)
Chariots of Fire
(1981)
Antarctica
(1983)
Professional ratings
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 4/5 stars[1]
Vangelis' "Chariots of Fire - Titles" from Chariots of Fire

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Chariots of Fire is a 1981 musical score by Greek electronic composer Vangelis (credited as Vangelis Papathanassiou) for the British film Chariots of Fire, which won four Academy Awards including Best Picture and Original Music Score.

The album topped Billboard 200 for 4 weeks. The opening theme of the film (called "Titles" on the album track listing but widely known as "Chariots of Fire") was released as a single in 1981, and topped the Billboard Hot 100 for one week after, climbing steadily for five months (it made #1 in its 21st week on the chart). "Titles" also reached #12 in the United Kingdom, where its parent album peaked at #5 and spent 107 weeks on the album chart. The single also peaked at #21 in Australia on the Australian Singles Chart (Kent Music Report).[2]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
  1. "Titles" – 3:33
  2. "Five Circles" – 5:20
  3. "Abraham's Theme" – 3:20
  4. "Eric's Theme" – 4:18
  5. "100 Metres" – 2:04
  6. "Jerusalem" – 2:47
Side two
  1. "Chariots of Fire" – 20:41

Personnel[edit]

  • Vangelis — all instruments
  • Ambrosian Singers — choir (track 6)
  • John McCarthy — choir director (track 6)
  • Raphael Preston — engineer
  • Raine Shine — engineer
  • John Walker — engineer

Charts[edit]

The album reached number-one in the sales charts of various countries, including four weeks at number-one in the United States. In total, the album stayed 97 weeks in the Billboard 200, selling three million copies in the first year alone.[3] The album reached number five in the UK Albums Chart and stayed in the listing for 107 weeks.

Chart (1981–82) Peak
position
Australia (Kent Music Report)[4] 5
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[5] 11
Canada (RPM)[6] 2
Germany (Media Control Charts)[7] 39
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[8] 6
Netherlands (MegaCharts)[9] 9
UK Albums Chart (Official Charts Company)[10] 5
US Billboard 200[11] 1

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Canada (Music Canada)[12] 3× Platinum 300,000^
France (SNEP)[13] Gold 100,000*
United States (RIAA)[14] Platinum 1,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

A new style[edit]

The film's director, Hugh Hudson, chose Vangelis to compose the film's music, after becoming impressed with his albums Opera Sauvage and China and having worked with Vangelis on commercials in Paris during the 1970s.[3] Vangelis played all the instruments, including synthesizers, acoustic piano, drums and percussion, and recorded the score in his Nemo studio in London, which he had set up in 1975.[15] The music that he came up with, mostly electronic for a period film, initiated a new style in film scoring. The use of synthesizers in film scores beyond mere textures, and their convenience in allowing directors, producers, and studios to hear preliminary versions of full scores found its roots in Chariots of Fire.

"He [Vangelis] tells us about the way he set about producing the music for Chariots of Fire. About the low budget it really had. About the way in which he endlessly exchanged thoughts with the author about the story. Only when the movie was completely finished did he actually start working on the music for it. Saw it only three times for that purpose and then started work." — Vangelis interview to Music Maker magazine, September 1982 [16]
"I didn't want to do period music. I tried to compose a score which was contemporary and still compatible with the time of the film. But I also didn't want to go for a completely electronic sound." — Vangelis interview in American Film magazine, September 1982 [17]

The score album, however, is almost all re-recorded, and sounds different from the music heard on film, with often richer arrangements, particularly in the "Titles" track. The second part of the album is a one-track suite including music from and inspired by the score.[15] On the other hand, some original themes from the film did not make it to the album.

"A record is something other than a film. There have to be changes - not least of all for artistic reasons." — Vangelis interview to Neumusik magazine, issue 5, August 1981 [18]

Although Vangelis had already done a number of film scores, including those for animal documentaries by Frédéric Rossif, Chariots of Fire was his first major film score, and it immediately gave him his big breakthrough as a composer, as "Titles" was an international hit and changed the whole course of his career.

"It occurs very rarely that a composer thinks of his most successful work as his best. I am no exception to that rule. I think of my soundtrack for ... Mutiny on the Bounty as endlessly more interesting than Chariots of Fire." — Vangelis interview to De Telegraaf newspaper, June 15, 1991 [3]

Additional information[edit]

In addition to Vangelis' original music, the album includes an arrangement of "Jerusalem", sung by the Ambrosian Singers, as performed at the 1978 funeral of Harold Abrahams, the event which bookends the film and inspired its title. This famous choral work is a 1916 setting by Sir Hubert Parry of William Blake's poem.

Vangelis dedicated the score to his father Ulysses Papathanassiou who had been a sprinter.

Despite Vangelis public performances being rare, he has played "Chariots of Fire" live in Los Angeles, U.S. (November 7, 1986), Rome, Italy (July 17, 1989, as encore), Rotterdam, Netherlands (June 18, 1991), and Athens, Greece (Mythodea concerts of July 13, 1993 and June 28, 2001, as encore, and August 1, 1997)[19]

In 2000, and again in 2006, the album was relaunched on CD, on both occasions remastered by Vangelis.[15]

Tracks from the album have been included in the following official Vangelis compilations: Themes (1989), Best Of Vangelis (1992), Portraits {So Long Ago, So Clear} (1996), and Odyssey - The Definitive Collection (2003).[20]

Some pieces of Vangelis's music in the film did not end up on the film's soundtrack album. One of them is the background music to the race Eric Liddell runs in the Scottish highlands. The title of this piece is "Hymn," and it is from Vangelis's 1979 album, Opéra sauvage. It is also included on Vangelis's compilation albums Themes, Portraits, and Odyssey: The Definitive Collection.

Director Hugh Hudson's original choice for the famous slow-motion running sequences on the beach was the track "L'Enfant" from Opéra sauvage. Vangelis had to persuade Hudson to let him create something original for the scene, using the same tempo as "L'Enfant." The result was the "Chariots of Fire" title track.

Court case[edit]

In 1985 Greek composer Stavros Logaridis sued Vangelis for plagiarism (EMI vs Warner Brothers), alleging the title track had plagiarised Logaridis' song "City of Violets" (1977) — which does feature similar instrumentation and chord progressions. Vangelis demonstrated his first-take improvisational composition style live on his synthesizers in court and was acquitted of the complaint.

The case reached the London High Courts in 1987, and was referred to as a test case numerous times in the following years in matters relating but not limited to; Music sampling, Copyright infringement etc.

Uses in other media[edit]

The "Titles" track of Chariots of Fire has been used in innumerable parodies in films, television shows, and elsewhere; and also as inspirational music for athletes. A few of these include:

  • The theme song was played when Apple Inc.'s then-chairman Steve Jobs introduced the first Macintosh on January 24, 1984 at a technology demonstration event, and at another press conference celebrating 100-day anniversary of the release of the first Macintosh.
  • In the 2005 movie Madagascar, when Marty the zebra and Alex the lion are running in slow motion.
  • The song has been played for many years as the campsite wake up song for the Annual Ten Tors Expedition.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mills, Ted. "Chariots of Fire". Allmusic. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ Steffen Hung. "Forum - One Hit Wonders (General: Music/Charts related)". australian-charts.com. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Daily Telegraph newspaper, November 21, 1982
  4. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, New South Wales: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6. 
  5. ^ "Discographie Vangelis". austriancharts.at (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  6. ^ "50 Albums". RPM (Toronto) 36 (15). May 22, 1982. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Discographie Vangelis". charts.de (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Discography Vangelis". charts.org.nz. Hung Medien. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Discografie Vangelis". dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Vangelis" (select "Albums" tab). Official Charts Company. 
  11. ^ "Chariots of Fire [Original Score] – Awards". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Vangelis – Chariots of Fire". Music Canada. Retrieved July 28, 2013. 
  13. ^ "French album certifications – Vangelis – Chariots of Fire" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved July 28, 2013.  Select VANGELIS and click OK
  14. ^ "American album certifications – Vangelis – Chariots of Fire". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved July 28, 2013.  If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
  15. ^ a b c Dennis Lodewijks' Elsewhere
  16. ^ Vangelis interview to Music Maker magazine, September 1982
  17. ^ Vangelis interview to American Film magazine, September 1982
  18. ^ Vangelis interview to Neumusik magazine, issue 5, August 1981
  19. ^ Dennis Lodewijks' Elsewhere
  20. ^ Dennis Lodewijks' Elsewhere
  21. ^ "National Lampoon's Vacation". IMDb.com. Retrieved January 10, 2012. 
Preceded by
Beauty and the Beat by The Go-Go's
Billboard 200 number-one album
April 17 - May 14, 1982
Succeeded by
Asia by Asia