Charité

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Charité – University Medicine Berlin
Logo Charite.svg
Motto Forschen, Lehren, Heilen, Helfen
Motto in English Research, Teaching, Healing, Helping
Established 1710
Type Public
Endowment 1.3 billion €
Chairman Karl Max Einhäupl
Academic staff 233 professors
Admin. staff 12,700 (including scientists, general hospital staff)
Students 6,974 (in 2012)
Location Berlin, Germany
Campus Urban
Affiliations Freie Universität Berlin
Humboldt University of Berlin
Website www.charite.de

The Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin is the oldest and most prominent hospital in Berlin. Acting today as the medical school for both the Humboldt University and Freie Universität Berlin, Charité is one of the largest university hospitals in Europe.[1] With numerous Collaborative Research Centers (CRC) of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Charité is one of Germany's most research-intensive medical institutions.

History[edit]

Complying with an order of King Frederick I of Prussia from November 14, 1709, it was initially established in 1710 north of the Berlin city walls in anticipation of an outbreak of bubonic plague that already had depopulated East Prussia. After the plague spared the city it came to be used as a charity hospital for the poor. On January 9, 1727 Frederick William I of Prussia gave it the name Charité, meaning "charity".[2] The construction of an anatomical theatre in 1713 marks the beginning of the medical school, then supervised by the collegium medico-chirurgicum of the Prussian Academy of Sciences.[3] 1795 saw the establishment of the Pépinière school for the education of military surgeons.

After the University of Berlin (today Humboldt University) had been founded in 1810, the dean of the medical college Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland in 1828 integrated the Charité as a teaching hospital. Rudolf Virchow, once student at the Pépinière, worked with anatomist Robert Froriep as prosector here and in 1856 became director of the newly created institute of pathology, where he developed his cell theory.

After the German reunification in 1989 and 1990, the senate of Berlin decided to join the clinics in East and West Berlin. On April 5, 1995, the Rudolf Virchow clinic of Freie Universität was integrated into the Humboldt University. In 1997, both clinics merged into a single medical faculty called "Charité". Due to restructuring of the medical schools in Berlin in 2003, the "University clinic Charité of Humboldt University" again merged with the medical department of Freie Universität, resulting in the inclusion of the Benjamin Franklin clinic, which is now called Universitätsklinikum Benjamin Franklin (UKBF). Due to the process, Charité now presents itself under the new name "Charite – University Medicine Berlin" and is part of both universities.

Organization[edit]

The four campuses in Berlin
Campus Mitte

The Charité has four different campuses in total:

Campus Virchow Klinikum, Cardiology Center
Campus Benjamin Franklin (CBF)

In 2001, the Helios Clinics Group acquired the clinics in Buch with its 1,200 beds and do not count to Charité anymore. Still, the Charité uses the campus for teaching and research and has more than 300 staff members located there. Organized in 17 different departments, which call themselves "Charité centers", the Charité encompasses more than 100 clinics and scientific institutes:

  • CC 1: Health and Human Sciences
  • CC 2: Basic Sciences (First Year)
  • CC 3: Dental, Oral and Maxillary Medicine
  • CC 4: Therapy and Research
  • CC 5: Diagnostic Laboratory and Preventative Medicine
  • CC 6: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
  • CC 7: Anesthesiology, Opeating-Room Management and Intensive Care Medicine
  • CC 8: Surgery
  • CC 9: Traumatology and Reconstructive Medicine
  • CC 10: Charité Comprehensive Cancer Center
  • CC 11: Cardiovascular Diseases
  • CC 12: Internal Medicine and Dermatology
  • CC 13: Internal Medicine, Gastroenterology and Nephrology
  • CC 14: Tumor Medicine
  • CC 15: Neurology, Neurosurgery, Psychiatry
  • CC 16: Audiology/Phoniatrics, Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology
  • CC 17: Gynecology, Perinatal, Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine with Perinatal Center & Human Genetics

13 of those centers focuses on patient care while the rest focuses on research and teaching. The Medical History Museum Berlin has a history dating from 1899, the museum in it's current form opened in 1998 and is famous for its pathological and anatomical collection.* [1]

Notable people[edit]

Many famous physicians and scientists worked or studied for at least part of their academic lives at the Charité.

Nobel laureates[edit]

Rudolf Virchow, by Hugo Vogel

Others[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the German Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°31′36″N 13°22′47″E / 52.52667°N 13.37972°E / 52.52667; 13.37972