Charles, Duke of Calabria
Born in Naples, he became Duke of Calabria in 1309 on his father's accession, and was created Vicar-General of the Kingdom of Sicily (Naples). His father intended him to lead the force sent to aid Florence in 1315, but was constrained by time to send Robert's brother, Philip I of Taranto, instead. The Florentine-Neapolitan coalition was badly beaten at the ensuing Battle of Montecatini.
The victory of Castruccio Castracani at Altopascio in 1325 led the Florentines to elect Charles signore (lord) of the city for ten years in 1326. At the time, he was unsuccessfully attempting to seize Sicily from his first cousin Frederick III, and sent Walter VI of Brienne as his deputy until he could arrive, where Walter made a (misleadingly) favorable impression. While Charles' arrival checked Castruccio, he exacted onerous taxes from the Florentines, until he was recalled to Naples in December 1327 due to the advance of Emperor Louis IV into Italy. There he died in 1328. He left as heir his eldest surviving daughter, Joanna; a posthumous daughter, Marie, was born in 1329.
Family and ancestry
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- Eloisa (b. January or February 1325 - d. 27 December 1325).
- Maria (b. April 1326 – d. 1328).
- Charles Martel (b. Florence, 13 April 1327 – d. Florence, 21 April 1327).
- Joanna (b. Naples, 1328 – d. castello di San Fele, 22 May 1382), Queen of Naples after succeeded her grandfather.
- Maria (b. posthumously, Naples, May 1329 – d. Naples, 20 May 1366), Countess of Alba.