Charles, Duke of Vendôme
|Duke of Vendôme|
18th-century portrait of the Duke of Vendôme
|Issue||Antoine, King of Navarre
Francis, Count of Enghien
Charles, Archbishop of Rouen
John, Count of Soissons
Louis, Prince of Condé
|House||House of Bourbon|
|Father||Francis, Count of Vendôme|
|Mother||Marie de Luxembourg|
|Born||2 June 1489
Château de Vendôme, France
|Died||25 March 1537
Charles de Bourbon (2 June 1489– 25 March 1537) was a French prince du sang and military commander at the court of Francis I of France. He is notable as the paternal grandfather of King Henry IV of France.
Charles was born at the Château de Vendôme, the son of François, Count of Vendôme and Marie de Luxembourg. On 18 May 1513, he married Françoise d'Alençon, daughter of René, Duke of Alençon. They had thirteen children:
- Louis de Bourbon (1514–1516), unmarried
- Marie de Bourbon (1515–1538), unmarried, prospective bride of James V of Scotland in 1536.
- Marguerite de Bourbon (1516–1589), married 1538 Francis I of Cleves, Duke of Nevers (1516–1561)
- Antoine de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme (1518–1562)
- François de Bourbon, Count of Enghien (1519–1546), unmarried
- Madeleine de Bourbon, Abbess of Sainte-Croix de Poitiers (1521–1561), unmarried
- Louis de Bourbon (1522–1525), unmarried
- Charles de Bourbon, Archbishop of Rouen (1523–1590), unmarried
- Catherine de Bourbon, Abbess of Soissons (1525–1594), unmarried
- Renée de Bourbon, Abbess of Chelles (1527–1583), unmarried
- Jean de Bourbon, Count of Soissons and Enghien (1528–1557), married 1557 his first cousin Marie, Duchess of Estouteville (1539–1601)
- Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé (7 May 1530 – 13 March 1569), married Eléonore de Roye
- Léonore de Bourbon, Abbess of Fontevraud (1532–1611), unmarried;
In 1514, Charles was named a peer of France and elevated from Count of Vendôme to Duke of Vendôme. His sons Antoine, Duke of Vendôme and Louis, Prince de Condé, became powerful military leaders on opposite sides in the French Wars of Religion, and his grandson became King Henry IV of France. Charles died at Amiens in 1537 at the age of 47.
- Achaintre, Nicolas Louis, Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de Bourbon,Vol.1, (Rue de L'École de Médecine, 1825), 366.
- Bulletin de la commission historique et archéologique de la Mayenne, Jan. 1878, (Imprimerie De Leon Moreau, 1885), 300.
- The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.27, Ed. Hugh Chisholm, (1911), 982.
- Bulletin de la commission historique et archéologique de la Mayenne, Jan. 1878, Imprimerie De Leon Moreau, 1885.
- The Encyclopædia Britannica, Vol.27, Ed. Hugh Chisholm, 1911.
- Achaintre, Nicolas Louis, Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de Bourbon,Vol.1, Rue de L'École de Médecine, 1825.
|Ancestors of Charles, Duke of Vendôme|
Charles' patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.
Patrilineal descent is the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations - which means that if Duke Charles were to choose an historically accurate house name it would be Robertian, as all his male-line ancestors have been of that house.
Charles' patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son. It follows the Kings of France and the Counts of Paris and Worms. This line can be traced back more than 1,200 years from Robert of Hesbaye to the present day, through Kings of France & Navarre, Spain and Two-Sicilies, Dukes of Parma and Grand-Dukes of Luxembourg, Princes of Orléans and Emperors of Brazil. It is one of the oldest in Europe.
|Count of Vendôme
title was elevated to peerage-duchy
title was elevated from countship
|Duke of Vendôme
Antoine de Bourbon