Charles, Grand Duke of Baden
|Grand Duke of Baden|
|Reign||10 June 1811 – 8 December 1818|
|Spouse||Stéphanie de Beauharnais|
|Louise, Princess of Vasa
Josephine, Princess of Hohenzollern
Marie, Duchess of Hamilton
|House||House of Zähringen|
|Father||Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden|
|Mother||Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt|
8 July 1786|
|Died||8 December 1818
His father was Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, the heir to the Margraviate of Baden, which was raised to a grand duchy after the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806. His mother was Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt, the daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. He was the brother-in-law of the rulers of Bavaria, Russia, and Sweden. His sister Caroline was the queen consort of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, his sister Louise was the empress consort of Alexander I of Russia and his sister Frederica was the queen consort of Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden.
At the age of 15, Charles went on a journey to visit his sisters in their courts in St. Petersburg and Stockholm. He was on his way home with his father, when his father died in a fall from his coach on 15 December 1801. Charles was a witness to this accident.
Due to the strong influence of France on the court of Baden, Charles was forced to marry Emperor Napoléon I's adopted daughter, Stéphanie de Beauharnais, in Paris on 8 April 1806, this despite his own protests and those of his mother and sisters. Charles apparently preferred the hand of his cousin Princess Augusta of Bavaria. It would be five years before the couple would produce an heir.
In 1808, Charles returned to the side of his grandfather. His grandfather's age was beginning to show and Charles became co-regent. Charles was 25 years old when he succeeded his grandfather Charles Frederick upon the latter's death on 11 June 1811.
Events that occurred during his reign
- The end of Napoleon I's rule and the Congress of Vienna, which confirmed the territorial gains Baden had made during the Napoleonic era.
- 1818: The passing of a new, liberal constitution
- The height of Friedrich Weinbrenner's career
- 1817: The start of the administration of the Rhine by Johann Gottfried Tulla
- The premiere of the velocipede by Karl Drais
Marriage and family
- Louise (5 June 1811 – 19 July 1854) married her first cousin Gustav of Sweden (9 November 1799 – 4 August 1877) on 9 November 1830.
- Unnamed son (29 September 1812 – 16 October 1812)
- Josephine (21 October 1813 – 19 June 1900) married Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (7 September 1811 – 2 June 1885) on 21 October 1834.
- Alexander (1 May 1816 – 8 May 1817).
- Marie (11 October 1817 – 17 October 1888) married William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton (15 February 1811 – 15 July 1863) on 23 February 1843.
As Grand Duke Charles did not have any surviving male children, upon his death in Rastatt, he was succeeded by his uncle Louis I. It has been speculated that the foundling Kaspar Hauser was his son, and therefore the actual hereditary prince.
- von Weech, Friedrich. "Karl Ludwig Friedrich". Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (in German). p. Onlinefassung. Retrieved 25 July 2010.
Charles, Grand Duke of BadenBorn: 8 July 1786 Died: 8 December 1818
|Grand Duke of Baden