Charles-Edward Amory Winslow
|Charles-Edward A. Winslow|
February 4, 1877|
|Died||January 8, 1957
New Haven, Connecticut
|Education||BS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1898; MS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1910|
|Occupation||Bacteriologist, public health expert and professor at Yale University|
|Known for||Founded Yale School of Public Health, 1915|
|Awards||The CEA Winslow Award is named after him|
Charles-Edward Amory Winslow (4 February 1877 – 8 January 1957) was an American bacteriologist and public health expert who was, according to the Encyclopedia of Public Health, "a seminal figure in public health, not only in his own country, the United States, but in the wider Western world."
He began his career as a bacteriologist. He met Anne Fuller Rogers when they were students in William T. Sedgwick's laboratory at M.I.T., and married her in 1907. He taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology while heading the sewage experiment station from 1908 to 1910, then taught at the College of the City of New York from 1910 to 1914.
He was the youngest charter member of the Society of American Bacteriologists when that organization was founded in 1899. With Samuel Cate Prescott he published the first American textbook on the elements of water bacteriology.
In 1915 he founded the Yale Department of Public Health within the Yale Medical School, and he was professor and chairman of the Department until he retired in 1945. (The Department became the Yale School of Public Health after accreditation was introduced in 1947.) During a time dominated by discoveries in bacteriology, he emphasized a broader perspective on causation, adopting a more holistic perspective. The department under his direction was a catalyst for health reform in Connecticut. He was the first director of Yale's J.B. Pierce Laboratory, serving from 1932 to 1957. Winslow was also instrumental in founding the Yale School of Nursing.
He was the first Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Bacteriology, serving in that position from 1916 to 1944. He was also editor of the American Journal of Public Health from 1944 to 1954. He was curator of public health at the American Museum of Natural History from 1910 to 1922. In 1926 he became president of the American Public Health Association, and in the 1950s was a consultant to the World Health Organization.
CEA Winslow Award
The CEA Winslow Award is the highest award of professional achievement bestowed to a public health professional in Connecticut. Each year the award recognizes a Connecticut public health professional for achievement and leadership in public health practice, research and education and is presented at the annual meeting of the Connecticut Public Health Association. Dr. Katherine Kelley, chief of the Connecticut Department of Public Health’s laboratory, was the 2007 recipient of the Award. Ruth Nelson Knollmueller received the Award in 2006 recognizing her contribution to public health and public health nursing. The Director of Health for Stratford, Elaine O'Keefe, received the 2003 Award recognizing her outstanding contributions to the field of public health. Dr. Leonard F. Menczer, DDS, MPH received the award in 1965 for his outstanding contributions to the field of public health in his capacity as the City of Hartford's Director of Dental Health. Prof. Ira V. Hiscock, Sc.D., chairman, department of public health, Yale University was presented the Award in 1957.
CEA Winslow The Translator
In 1896, he translated, from German, « Heimat », a play in four acts by Hermann Sudermann, renamed « Magda » and played by Henry Stephenson and Charles Waldron in a Broadway theatre production in New York City, New York.
Winslow wrote nearly 600 articles and books on bacteriology, public health, sanitation, and health care administration. Among the more significant are:
- The Evolution and Significance of the Modern Public Health Campaign (1923)
- The Conquest of Epidemic Disease (1943)
- The History of American Epidemiology (1952).
- "Winslow, Charles-Edward Amory.", Encyclopedia of Public Health, Ed. Lester Breslow, Gale Group, Inc., 2002. eNotes. com. 2006, 24 March 2008 <http://www.enotes.com/public-health-encyclopedia/winslow-charles-edward-amory>
- HISCOCK IV (1957). "Charles-Edward Amory Winslow February 4, 1877—January 8, 1957". J. Bacteriol. 73 (3): 295–6. doi:10.1002/path.1700730137. PMC 289796. PMID 13416187.
- "Charles-Edward Amory Winslow—A Memorial". Am J Public Health Nations Health 47 (2): 153–67. 1957. PMC 1551151. PMID 13394766.
- "Yale School of Public Health: About the School of Public Health".
- "Yale School of Epidemiology and Public Health". Retrieved 2008-03-25.
- "Author Query for 'C.E.A.Winslow'". International Plant Names Index.