Eugène de Mazenod

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Charles-Joseph-Eugene de Mazenod)
Jump to: navigation, search
Charles-Joseph-Eugene de Mazenod
Bishop of Marseille
St eugene.jpg
St. Eugène de Mazenod
Diocese Marseille
See Marseille
Appointed 2 October 1837
Term ended 21 May 1861
Predecessor Fortuné-Charles de Mazenod
Successor Patrice-François-Marie Cruice
Ordination 21 December 1811
Consecration 14 October 1832
by Carlo Odescalchi, S.J.
Personal details
Born (1782-08-01)1 August 1782
Aix-en-Provence, France
Died 21 May 1861(1861-05-21) (aged 78)
Marseille, France
Nationality French
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post
  • Superior General of Oblates of Mary Immaculate (1816-1832)
  • Titular Bishop of Icosium (1832-1837)
Motto pauperes evangelizantur
Coat of arms
Feast day 21 May
Venerated in Roman Catholicism
Beatified 19 October 1975
by Pope Paul VI
Canonized 3 December 1995
by Pope John Paul II
Patronage dysfunctional families
Shrines Shrine of Notre Dame de la Garde, Marseille, France

Saint Eugène de Mazenod (August 1, 1782 - May 21, 1861) born Charles-Joseph-Eugène de Mazenod, more commonly known as Eugène de Mazenod, was a French Catholic clergyman, beatified on 19 October 1975 by Pope Paul VI, and canonized on 3 December 1995 by Pope John Paul II.


Eugene de Mazenod was born in Aix-en-Provence on 1 August 1782 and baptized the following day in the Église de la Madeleine. His father, Charles Antoine de Mazenod, was one of the Presidents of the Court of Finances, and his mother was Marie Rose Joannis. Eugene began his schooling at the College Bourbon, but this was interrupted by the events of the French Revolution which led to the family losing all their possessions and fleeing to Venice. He then became a boarder at the College of Nobles in Turin. It was here that he made his first communion and received confirmation.

With the approach of the French revolutionary forces, the family was forced to flee to Venice. With their money running out, Eugene's father was forced to seek various employments, none of which were successful. His mother and sister returned to France - eventually seeking a divorce so as to be able to regain their property that had been seized. Eugene was fortunate to be welcomed by the Zinelli family in Venice. One of their sons, the priest Bartolo Zinelli, took special care of Eugene and saw to his education in the well-provided family library where the young adolescent spent many hours each day. Don Bartolo was a major influence in the human, academic and spiritual development of Eugene.

Once again the French army chased the émigrés from Venice, forcing Eugene and his father and two uncles to seek refuge in Naples for less than a year, and finally to flee to Palermo in Sicily. Here Eugene was invited to become part of the household of the Duke and Duchess of Cannizaro as a companion to their two sons. Being part of the high society of Sicily became the opportunity for Eugene to rediscover his noble origins and to live a lavish style of life.

After spending his youth in Italy to get away from the mayhem after the Revolution, he returned to France and was ordained a priest in Amiens in 1811.

In 1816, he founded the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate.[1]

From 1837 to 1861, he was the bishop of Marseille. During his episcopacy, he commissioned Notre-Dame de la Garde, an ornate Neo-Byzantine basilica on the south side of the old port of Marseille.

He has three colleges in India named in his behalf: St. Eugene Catholic College in Burgerary, Queensland, Mazenod College in Perth, Western Australia, and Mazenod College in Victoria, Australia. There is also a college in Sri Lanka named for him, De Mazenod College, governed by the Dedi Lala Salle Brothers. There is even a community council in Lesotho named after Eugine de Mazenod. It is in the east of the capital Maseru and has a population of over 30000. This where Mazenod High School is found. The local church is also named after Eugine de Mazenod.


  1. ^ PD-icon.svg "Charles Joseph Eugene de Mazenod". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 

External links[edit]