Charles-Marie-Napoléon de Beaufort d'Hautpoul
Charles-Marie-Napoléon de Beaufort d'Hautpoul (9 November 1804, Naples - 18 May 1890) was a French general of the 19th century. He was born in Naples, Italy, where his father for a Colonel in the Génie ("Military engineering"). He entered Saint-Cyr from 1820 to 1824, and ultimately became "général de brigade d'état-major".
He is especially known for leading in 1860, the French expedition in Syria in the Ottoman territory, with the agreement of the Ottoman Empire, with the objective to fulfill its mission to protect Christians in the Middle-East, following massacres of Maronite Christians. At that time, France, led by Napoleon III, claimed to continue its ancient role as protector of Christians in the Ottoman Empire.