Charles "Tex" Watson
|Charles Denton Watson|
Watson on a Californian prison mugshot in 1971.
|Born||Charles Denton Watson
December 2, 1945
Dallas, Texas, U.S
|Other names||Tex, Charles Montgomery, Mad Charlie|
|Criminal penalty||Death, commuted to life in prison after the California Supreme Court overturned the death penalty|
|Spouse(s)||Kristin Joan Svege (divorced 1987)|
|Parents||Emma and James Watson|
Charles "Tex" Watson was a central member of Charles Manson's so-called "Family" which was a self-professed community but is alleged to be a cult or a criminal organization. On August 8, 1969, Watson led other Manson followers into a house in Hollywood, and murdered actress Sharon Tate and four other people. The next night, Watson traveled to Los Feliz and participated in the murders of Leno and Rosemary LaBianca, as part of Manson's "Helter Skelter" vision. Watson was found guilty of murder in 1971, and has been in prison ever since.
Early Life, College, Charles Manson and the Spahn Ranch
Watson was born in Dallas, Texas on December 2, 1945 and grew up in Copeville, Texas. He was the youngest of three children. Tex grew up apparently attending the Copeville Methodist Church. In high school he was an honor student and athlete, and worked as the editor on the school paper. In September 1964, Watson moved to Denton, Texas to attend North Texas State University, where he joined a fraternity. In January 1967 he began working at Braniff Airlines as a baggage boy. He used free airline tickets to travel and visited a frat brother in Los Angeles; there he became interested in the psychedelic lifestyle of the late 1960s. During that time he began dealing marijuana and LSD and was arrested at least twice for distribution. During that period Watson met a man named Charles Manson. Watson spent some time at a compound where Manson was living called the Spahn Ranch with the "Manson Family", moving back and forth into LA to make money dealing illicit drugs. In March of 1969 he moved back to the Spahn Ranch, where Manson was preaching the inevitability of a race war in America and his hope to incite it.
Cielo Drive Murders
On August 8, 1969 Manson directed Watson to take Atkins, Linda Kasabian, and Patricia Krenwinkel to "that house where Melcher used to live" and "totally destroy everyone in [it], as gruesome as you can." The accidental occupants of the house were movie actress Sharon Tate, Jay Sebring, Wojciech Frykowski and Abigail Folger.
Watson, who had been to the house on at least one other occasion, climbed a telephone pole near the gate and cut the phone line. When an unknown car approached driven by an unwitting 18 year old named Steven Parent, Watson ignored his pleas for mercy and severed his wrists tendons with a knife and then shot him four times in the chest and abdomen.
After pushing the car further up the driveway and traversing the front lawn, Watson cut the screen of a window, and let Atkins and Krenwinkel in through the front door. When Frykowski awoke on the living room couch, Watson kicked him in the head and said "I'm the devil, and I'm here to do the devil's business." Upon Watson's direction, Atkins found the house's three other occupants and with Krenwinkel brought them to the living room. Watson tied Tate and Sebring together at the neck with rope and slung it up over a beam. After shooting Sebring and taking $70 from Folger's purse, Watson stabbed Folger seven times Frykowski was stabbed a total of 51 times. The pregnant Tate was stabbed 16 times. Watson later wrote that Tate cried, "Mother ... mother ..." as she was being killed. Since Manson had told the women to "leave a sign ... something witchy", using the towel that had bound Frykowski's hands, Atkins wrote "pig" and "helter skelter" on the house's walls and doors in Tate's blood.
The next night, six "Manson Family" members, Leslie Van Houten, Steve "Clem" Grogan, the four from the previous night and Charles Manson (who was displeased by their performance and pledged to show them "how to do it") drove the six members into LA. In March 1968, Manson and other Family Members had attended a party at the rented home of Harold True in Los Feliz. which was located at 3267 Waverly Drive, Manson didn't want to kill True because he thought it could be traced back to him so he settled for the LaBianca's house next door. Leno and Rosemary LaBianca. After pulling up down the street and waiting, Manson disappeared up the driveway and returned to say he had tied up the house's occupants and sent Watson up with Krenwinkel and Van Houten. Watson disputes this account and says that Manson simply looked in the windows before giving directions and leaving.
The occupants were stabbed up to dozens of times and slashed to death with various instruments and each of the aggressors carved into the bodies slogans such as "WAR", "Healter Skelter" (sic). "RISE", "Death to Pigs" and smeared the slogans onto the walls and various surfaces. Susan Atkins defecated on the stairwell.
On October 2, 1969, Watson fled the ranch and headed back to his native state of Texas. On November 30, 1969, Watson was arrested in Texas for the Tate-LaBianca murders. He and his lawyers fought the extradition back to California for nine months. Upon returning to California, Watson began regressing to a catatonic state. He stopped talking and eating, losing 55 pounds. He was admitted to Atascadero State Hospital for a 90-day evaluation period to determine if he was suitable to stand trial. He stayed there until February 1971, when he was deemed able to stand trial.
On October 12, 1971, Watson was convicted of seven counts of first degree murder and one count conspiracy to commit murder. A week later, the same jury took only two-and-a-half hours to determine that Watson was sane.
On October 21, 1971, Watson was sentenced to death. He escaped execution when the California Supreme Court's People v. Anderson decision resulted in the invalidation of all death sentences imposed in California prior to 1972. Watson was found guilty of the murders of seven persons, and his seven counts were to be served concurrently. His minimum eligible parole date was November 26, 1976, but he has been denied parole 14 times. Watson remains incarcerated at Mule Creek State Prison in Ione, California. His last hearing was in November 2011. He received a five-year denial, rather than a 7-10-15 year maximum.
His next scheduled parole hearing is in November 2016.
Watson became a born-again Christian in 1975 and through non-incarcerated friends operates aboundinglove.org. He has written about his role in the murders, stating that he believes that God has forgiven him. Will You Die For Me?, Watson's autobiography, as told to "Chaplain Ray" (Ray Hoekstra), was published in 1978. In 1979, he married Kristin Joan Svege. Through conjugal visits they were able to have four children (three boys, one girl), but those visits for life prisoners were banned in October 1996. After 24 years of marriage, Svege divorced Watson after meeting another man in 2003. Svege and Watson remain friends as parents of their children. He graduated from California Coast University in 2009 with a B.S. in Business Management.
In 2012, Watson disputed a request to release recordings of conversations between himself and his attorney. The recordings became part of a bankruptcy proceeding involving the deceased attorney's law firm. Members of the Los Angeles Police Department believed the recordings might contain clues about unsolved murder cases involving the Manson family. Watson asked the presiding judge to allow police to listen to the tapes but not take possession of them.
- Bugliosi 1994, pages 514-15 .
- Helter Skelter — The True Story of the Manson Murders 25th Anniversary Edition pages 661–2, Epilogue.
- Broughton, Ashley. "Aging Manson 'Family' members long for freedom." CNN. March 30, 2009.
- Manson's Right hand Man Speaks Out!
- "Library of Congress catalog record on Will you die for me?".
- Manson Family Timeline
- Parole Board Hearing Transcript 2011.
- Martinez, Michael; Cary, Michael. Judge declines to reverse order giving Manson follower tapes to police CNN, 13 June 2012
- Esposito, Richard. Manson Possibly Tied to Homicides ABC Good Morning America 19 October 2012
- Abounding Love Ministries, supporters' website
- Will You Die For Me?, Watson's Manson memories, first published in 1978
- Manson defendants profiles
- Manson murders entry, crimelibrary.com