Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours

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Charles Amadeus
Duke of Nemours
Charles Amédée of Savoy, Duke of Nemours in 1652.jpg
Spouse Élisabeth de Bourbon-Vendôme
Issue Marie Jeanne, Duchess of Savoy
Marie Françoise, Queen of Portugal
House House of Savoy
Father Henri of Savoy, Duc de Nemours
Mother Anne de Lorraine-Aumale
Born (1624-04-12)12 April 1624
Paris, France
Died 30 July 1652(1652-07-30) (aged 28)
Paris, France
Burial Notre Dame d'Annecy, Annecy
Religion Roman Catholic

Charles Amadeus of Savoy (French: Charles-Amédée de Savoie), Duke of Nemours (12 April 1624 – 30 July 1652) was a French military leader and magnate. He was the father of the penultimate Duchess of Savoy and of a Queen of Portugal.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was a son of Henri of Savoy, 3rd Duke of Nemours (1572-1632) and Anne de Lorraine-Aumale. He was a younger brother of Louis of Savoy-Nemours, who died in 1641.

Charles Amadeus served in the Army of Flanders in 1645, and in the following year commanded the light cavalry at the siege of Kortrijk. In 1652 he took part in the war of the Fronde, and fought at Bleneau and at the Faubourg St Antoine, where he was wounded. He was shot and killed the same year in a duel with his brother-in-law, François de Bourbon-Vendôme, Duke of Beaufort.[2]

Charles Amadeus' brother Henri, who had been archbishop of Reims, withdrew from orders in order to succeed him in the title of Duke of Nemours.

He married on July 11, 1643 at the Louvre, Élisabeth de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Vendôme, the daughter of César, Duke of Vendôme, the legitimised son of King Henry IV of France by his mistress, Gabrielle d'Estrées. Her mother was the wealthy heiress, Françoise de Lorraine (1592–1669), the daughter of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur.

Charles Amadeus had five children, two daughters and three sons. Only his daughters survived him;

Descendants of Victor Amadeus II are represented in practically all Catholic royal families of Europe.

He was buried at the Notre Dame d'Annecy in Annecy, the capital of the Genevois, of which the Dukes of Nemours were also counts.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Noble Strategies in an Early Modern Small State Page 64 Charles T. Lipp - 2011 "... marriages, notable among them one to Marie Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, and one to Marie-Jeanne-Baptiste de Nemours, daughter of Charles-Amédée of Savoy, Duke de Nemours, a project that advanced quite far."
  2. ^ Anne Commire, Deborah Klezmer Women in world history: a biographical encyclopedia Volume 10 - Page 388- 2001 "Born Marie de Savoie-Nemours on June 21, 1646; died on December 27, 1683; daughter of Charles Amedee of Savoy (who was killed in a celebrated duel with his brother-in-law, Francois de Vendome, duke of Beaufort).. "
French nobility
Preceded by
Louis of Savoy
Duke of Nemours
1641–1652
Succeeded by
Henri of Savoy