Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours
|Duke of Nemours|
|Spouse||Élisabeth de Bourbon-Vendôme|
|Issue||Marie Jeanne, Duchess of Savoy
Marie Françoise, Queen of Portugal
|House||House of Savoy|
|Father||Henri of Savoy, Duc de Nemours|
|Mother||Anne de Lorraine-Aumale|
12 April 1624|
|Died||30 July 1652
|Burial||Notre Dame d'Annecy, Annecy|
Charles Amadeus of Savoy (French: Charles-Amédée de Savoie), Duke of Nemours (12 April 1624 – 30 July 1652) was a French military leader and magnate. He was the father of the penultimate Duchess of Savoy and of a Queen of Portugal.
Charles Amadeus served in the Army of Flanders in 1645, and in the following year commanded the light cavalry at the siege of Kortrijk. In 1652 he took part in the war of the Fronde, and fought at Bleneau and at the Faubourg St Antoine, where he was wounded.
He married on July 11, 1643 at the Louvre, Élisabeth de Bourbon, Mademoiselle de Vendôme, the daughter of César, Duke of Vendôme, the legitimised son of King Henry IV of France by his mistress, Gabrielle d'Estrées. Her mother was the wealthy heiress, Françoise de Lorraine (1592–1669), the daughter of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur.
Charles Amadeus had five children, two daughters and three sons. Only his daughters survived him;
- Marie-Jeanne-Baptiste of Savoy, Mademoiselle de Nemours (1644–1724), who married Charles Emmanuel II, Duke of Savoy, in 1665, and had issue;
- Marie Françoise Élisabeth of Savoy, Mademoiselle d'Aumale (1646–1683), who married king Alphonso VI of Portugal, in 1666 and afterwards Alphonso's younger brother, Pedro, Duke of Beja, regent of Portugal, and had issue.
Charles Amadeus was killed by his brother-in-law, François de Vendôme, Duke of Beaufort in a duel in 1652. He was buried at the Notre Dame d'Annecy in Annecy, the capital of the Genevois, of which the Dukes of Nemours were also counts. Charles Amadeus' brother Henri, who had been archbishop of Reims, withdrew from orders in order to succeed him in the title of Duke of Nemours.
|Ancestors of Charles Amadeus, Duke of Nemours|
- Noble Strategies in an Early Modern Small State Page 64 Charles T. Lipp - 2011 "... marriages, notable among them one to Marie Mancini, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, and one to Marie-Jeanne-Baptiste de Nemours, daughter of Charles-Amédée of Savoy, Duke de Nemours, a project that advanced quite far."
- Oresko 2004, p. 18.
- Oresko 2004, p. 17.
- Anne Commire, Deborah Klezmer Women in world history: a biographical encyclopedia Volume 10 - Page 388- 2001 "Born Marie de Savoie-Nemours on June 21, 1646; died on December 27, 1683; daughter of Charles Amedee of Savoy (who was killed in a celebrated duel with his brother-in-law, Francois de Vendome, duke of Beaufort).. "
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Oresko, Robert (2004). "Maria Giovanna Battista of Savoy-Nemours (1644-1724): daughter, consort, and Regent of Savoy". In Campbell Orr, Clarissa. Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. Cambridge University Press. pp. 16–55. ISBN 0-521-81422-7.
Louis of Savoy
|Duke of Nemours
Henri of Savoy